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Search: authors:"Gregory K. DeKrey"

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The growth and infectivity of Leishmania major is not altered by in vitro exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

ObjectiveThe numbers of Leishmania major parasites in foot lesions of C57Bl/6, BALB/c or SCID mice can be significantly reduced by pre-exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). One potential mechanism to explain this enhanced resistance to infection is that TCDD is directly toxic to L. major. This potential mechanism was addressed by exposing L. major promastigotes...

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Slows the Progression of Experimental Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Susceptible BALB/c and SCID Mice

In a model of experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis, pre-exposure of Leishmania major-resistant mice to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), an aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonist, causes suppression of the protective anti-parasite T helper 1 response while paradoxically also reducing parasite burdens in those animals. In this study, we examined if TCDD exposure could also...

SHORT REPORT: REQUIREMENT OF B CELLS FOR DELAYED TYPE HYPERSENSITIVITY–LIKE PATHOLOGY AFTER SECONDARY INFECTION WITH LEISHMANIA MAJOR IN RESISTANT C57BL/6 MICE

B cell-deficient C57Bl/6 (μMT) mice were resistant to Leishmania major after both primary and secondary parasite challenge. However, unlike in wild-type mice, secondary infection in μMT mice was not accompanied by a marked delayed type hypersensitivity-like response, and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) levels were approximately half of those in wild-type mice. These results suggest that B...