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7 papers found.
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Forces generated in stabbing attacks: an evaluation of the utility of the mild, moderate and severe scale

evidence-based two-tier scale to suggest the force required. Stab wound; Force; Instrumented knife; Dynamometer; Knife; Screwdriver; Blunt force - Sarah V. Hainsworth and Guy N. Rutty contributed equally

How taphonomic alteration affects the detection and imaging of striations in stab wounds

Stabbing with a kitchen knife is a common method of homicide in Europe. Serrated knives may leave tool markings (striations) in tissues. Documentation of striations is necessary for their use as forensic evidence. Traditional methods (physical casting and photography) have significant limitations, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) has been trialled in cartilage to...

A systematic autopsy survey of human infant bridging veins

In the first years of life, subdural haemorrhage (SDH) within the cranial cavity can occur through accidental and non-accidental mechanisms as well as from birth-related injury. This type of bleeding is the most common finding in victims of abusive head trauma (AHT). Historically, the most frequent cause of SDHs in infancy is suggested to be traumatic damage to bridging veins...

Post-mortem imaging of the infant and perinatal dura mater and superior sagittal sinus using optical coherence tomography

Infants and young children are likely to present with subdural haemorrhage (SDH) if they are the victims of abusive head trauma. In these cases, the most accepted theory for the source of bleeding is the bridging veins traversing from the surface of the brain to the dura mater. However, some have suggested that SDH may result from leakage of blood from a dural vascular plexus. As...

Post-mortem computed tomography coaxial cutting needle biopsy to facilitate the detection of bacterioplankton using PCR probes as a diagnostic indicator for drowning

We report for the first time the use of coaxial cutting needle biopsy, guided by post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT), to sample internal body tissues for bacterioplankton PCR analysis to investigate drowning. This technical report describes the biopsy technique, the comparison of the needle biopsy and the invasive autopsy sampling results, as well as the PMCT and autopsy...

Post-mortem cross-sectional imaging: are we running before we can walk?

Midlands Forensic Pathology Unit, University of Leicester , Robert Kilpatrick Building, Leicester LE2 7LX, UK 2 Guy N. Rutty is Vice Chair of International Society of Forensic Radiology and Imaging