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Is the association between physical activity and healthcare utilization affected by self-rated health and socio-economic factors?

Background Physical activity and healthcare utilization has negative association. However, there appears to be limited knowledge of how this association is affected by self-rated health (SRH) and socio-economic status (SES). Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and healthcare utilization, and investigate how...

Family history as a risk factor for recurrent hospitalization for lone atrial fibrillation: a nationwide family study in Sweden

Background Although the heritability of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been determined, the relevance of family history of AF for the likelihood of recurrent hospitalization for AF is unknown. The aim of this nationwide study was to determine whether family history of AF is a risk factor of recurrent hospitalization for lone AF (LAF), i.e., AF with unknown etiology. The familial...

Walkability parameters, active transportation and objective physical activity: moderating and mediating effects of motor vehicle ownership in a cross-sectional study

Background Neighborhood walkability has been associated with physical activity in several studies. However, as environmental correlates of physical activity may be context specific, walkability parameters need to be investigated separately in various countries and contexts. Furthermore, the mechanisms by which walkability affects physical activity have been less investigated...

Testing the association between social capital and health over time: a family-based design

Background The past decade has seen a vast increase in empirical research investigating associations between social capital and health outcomes. Literature reviews reveal ‘generalized trust’ and ‘social participation’ to be the most robust of the commonly used social capital proxies, both showing positive association with health outcomes. However, this association could be...

Is acculturation associated with physical activity among female immigrants in Sweden?

University, School of Medicine, Medical School Office Building , 1265 Welch Road, Stanford, CA 94305-5411 , USA 2 Lena S. Jo ̈nsson, Postdoctoral Researcher Karolina Palme ́r, Statistician Henrik Ohlsson

Understanding the effects of a decentralized budget on physicians' compliance with guidelines for statin prescription – a multilevel methodological approach

Background Official guidelines that promote evidence-based and cost-effective prescribing are of main relevance for obvious reasons. However, to what extent these guidelines are followed and their conditioning factors at different levels of the health care system are still insufficiently known. In January 2004, a decentralized drug budget was implemented in the county of Scania...

Variation in plasma calcium analysis in primary care in Sweden - a multilevel analysis

Background Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is a common disease that often remains undetected and causes severe disturbance especially in postmenopausal women. Therefore, national recommendations promoting early pHPT detection by plasma calcium (P-Ca) have been issued in Sweden. In this study we aimed to investigate variation of P-Ca analysis between physicians and health care...

Validity of registration of ICD codes and prescriptions in a research database in Swedish primary care: a cross-sectional study in Skaraborg primary care database

Per Hjerpe 0 Juan Merlo Henrik Ohlsson Kristina Bengtsson Bostrm 0 Ulf Lindblad 0 R&D Centre, Skaraborg Primary Care , Skovde , Sweden Background: In recent years, several primary care databases