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148 papers found.
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Opportunities, challenges and systems requirements for developing post-abortion family planning services: Perceptions of service stakeholders in China

School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom: Rachel Tolhurst. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Hong Jiang, Jieshuang Xu, Esther Richards, Xu Qian, Weihong Zhang, Rachel Tolhurst. Data ... curation: Hong Jiang, Jieshuang Xu. Formal analysis: Hong Jiang, Jieshuang Xu, Esther Richards, Rachel Tolhurst. Funding acquisition: Xu Qian, Weihong Zhang, Lina Hu, Shangchun Wu, Rachel Tolhurst

Video-urodynamic characteristics of non-neurogenic, idiopathic underactive bladder in men – A comparison of men with normal tracing and bladder outlet obstruction

Objective Underactive bladder is frequently encountered in elderly patients. It may result from detrusor underactivity (DU) or low detrusor contractility due to a urethral sphincter inhibitory effect. This study analyzed the video-urodynamic study (VUDS) characteristics of patients with underactive bladder in a large cohort of men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Methods ...

Differential immune responses of Monochamus alternatus against symbiotic and entomopathogenic fungi

Monochamus alternatus, the main vector beetles of invasive pinewood nematode, has established a symbiotic relationship with a native ectotrophic fungal symbiont, Sporothrix sp. 1, in China. The immune response of M. alternatus to S. sp. 1 in the coexistence of beetles and fungi is, however, unknown. Here, we report that immune responses of M. alternatus pupae to infection caused by ...

Association analysis between HFM1 variations and idiopathic azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia in Chinese Men

Jiang ) 1 2 Dear Editor 0 Children's Hospital of Fudan University; Institute of Biomedical Science, Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University , Shanghai, China 200032 1 Reproductive Medicine Center

Salivary and serum inflammatory mediators among pre-conception women with periodontal disease

Background There have been inconsistent conclusions regarding the levels of inflammatory mediators in saliva and serum among people with or without periodontal disease. Although pre-conception has been put forward as the optimal time for the periodontal treatment in order to improving pregnancy outcomes, few studies have been conducted to examine inflammatory mediators in saliva ...

Prevalence and risk factors of periodontal disease among pre-conception Chinese women

1 Yi Su and Hong Jiang are co-first authors Background: Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases. It has been reported that periodontal disease is associated with

Revisiting the Role of Potassium Sensitivity Testing and Cystoscopic Hydrodistention for the Diagnosis of Interstitial Cystitis

Objectives To revisit the diagnostic roles of cystoscopic hydrodistention and the potassium sensitivity test (PST) for the diagnosis of interstitial cystitis (IC). Methods We prospectively enrolled 214 patients clinically diagnosed with IC, 125 non-IC patients who underwent video urodynamic studies and PST, and another 144 non-IC patients who underwent cystoscopic hydrodistention ...

Use of mouth rinse during pregnancy to improve birth and neonatal outcomes: a randomized controlled trial

Background Poor oral health, such as periodontal (gum) disease, has been found to be associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight, and neonatal and infant mortality, especially in low-and middle-income countries. However, there is little or no access to preventive dental care in most low-and middle-income countries. We ...

The formation of glass: a quantitative perspective

In constant use since ancient times, glass remains a highly valued material that is ubiquitous in daily life. Today, glass has become an indispensable and essential component in such fields as photonics, optical communications, photovoltaic cells, household appliances, vehicles, and building materials. However, one of major stumbling blocks for its optimal use is the low ...

Primary erythromelalgia: a review

Primary erythromelalgia (PE ORPHA90026) is a rare autosomal dominant neuropathy characterized by the combination of recurrent burning pain, warmth and redness of the extremities. The incidence rate of PE ranges from 0.36 to 1.1 per 100,000 persons. Gender ratio differs according to different studies and no evidence showed a gender preference. Clinical onset of PE is often in the ...

Prevalence and risk factors of postoperative delirium in elderly hip fracture patients

Jiang 0 Wei Jiang 1 0 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine , Shanghai , China 1

Wavefront Derived Refraction and Full Eye Biometry in Pseudophakic Eyes

Purpose To assess wavefront derived refraction and full eye biometry including ciliary muscle dimension and full eye axial geometry in pseudophakic eyes using spectral domain OCT equipped with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor. Methods Twenty-eight adult subjects (32 pseudophakic eyes) having recently undergone cataract surgery were enrolled in this study. A custom system combining ...

Towards universal access to skilled birth attendance: the process of transforming the role of traditional birth attendants in Rural China

Background Institution-based childbirth, with the ultimate goal of universal access to skilled birth attendance (SBA), has been selected as a key strategy to reduce the maternal mortality rate in many developing countries. However, the question of how to engage traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in the advocacy campaign for SBA poses a number of challenges. This paper aims to ...

Screening and managing obstructive sleep apnoea in nocturnal heart block patients: an observational study

Background Nocturnal heart block often occurs in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). It is more likely to be undiagnosed in heart block patients who are ignorant of the symptoms of sleep disorder. Berlin Questionnaire (BQ) is a highly reliable way to discover the risk factors of OSA, whereas the validity in sleep-related heart block patients is uncertain. We performed an ...

GSK621 Targets Glioma Cells via Activating AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Signalings

Here, we studied the anti-glioma cell activity by a novel AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator GSK621. We showed that GSK621 was cytotoxic to human glioma cells (U87MG and U251MG lines), possibly via provoking caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death. Its cytotoxicity was alleviated by caspase inhibitors. GSK621 activated AMPK to inhibit mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) ...

Autologous platelet lysates local injections for treatment of tibia non-union with breakage of the nickelclad: a case report

Background Nonunions of the tibia represent challenging orthopedic problems, which require the surgeon to analyze numerous factors and choose an appropriate treatment. This article presents a case report of tibia and fibula fracture patient who failed the internal fixation surgery and successfully recovered after one course of percutaneous autologous platelet lysates injection. ...

Spectral Exploration of Calcium Accumulation in Organic Matter in Gray Desert Soil from Northwest China

Little attention has been paid to the accumulation of soil organic matter (SOM) in the fringes of the mid-latitude desert. In this paper, soil samples from a long-term field experiment conducted from 1990 to 2013 at a research station in Urumqi, China by different fertilizer treatments, were used to determine soil properties and soil dissolved organic matter (DOM) by chemical ...

Effect of remote ischemic preconditioning on postoperative acute kidney injury among patients undergoing cardiac and vascular interventions: a meta-analysis

It is currently controversial whether remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) reduces the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients undergoing cardiovascular interventions. The main objective of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether RIPC provides renal protection for patients undergoing cardiac or vascular surgery. We searched the PubMed database (1966-Oct 2015), ...