Background Urinary stones are common medical disorders and the treatment of impacted proximal ureteral stones (IPUS) is still a challenge for urologists. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MI-PCNL) and ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) in the treatment of IPUS via a meta-analysis. Methods We collected ...
subject words and free words and adjusted the search method according to the specific database. Two reviewers(Dong Lan, Hong-Chen Qu) searched the literature independently, and references in eligible ... original data of the included studies(Dong Lan, Hong-Chen Qu). The data were input into MetaDiSc version 1.4[ 3 ] using a heterogeneity test. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio
assessment. Wei Zhang and Hong-Chen Qu independently checked the data from all the included studies. Subsequently, a third reviewer (Yang Zhang) discussed inconsistent evaluations and thereby helped to reach a ... final agreement. 4 Quality assessment of the included studies Each publication’s quality was assessed by two reviewers (Wei Zhang and Hong-Chen Qu) according to a modified STROBE quality score system
reviewers (Hong-Chen Qu and Wei Zhang) to populate the necessary information. The following information was extracted from each of the articles: first author, year of publication, study design, number of ... reviewer (Ping Wang). 4 Quality assessment of the included studies Two reviewers (Hong-Chen Qu and Wei Zhang) independently assessed the quality of the publications according to a modified STROBE quality