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30 papers found.
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Human H7N9 virus induces a more pronounced pro-inflammatory cytokine but an attenuated interferon response in human bronchial epithelial cells when compared with an epidemiologically-linked chicken H7N9 virus

Background Avian influenza virus H7N9 has jumped species barrier, causing sporadic human infections since 2013. We have previously isolated an H7N9 virus from a patient, and an H7N9 virus from a chicken in a live poultry market where the patient visited during the incubation period. These two viruses were genetically highly similar. This study sought to use a human bronchial...

Development and Validation of EST-SSR Markers from the Transcriptome of Adzuki Bean (Vigna angularis)

The adzuki bean (Vigna angularis (Ohwi) Ohwi and Ohashi) is an important grain legume of Asia. It is cultivated mainly in China, Japan and Korea. Despite its importance, few genomic resources are available for molecular genetic research of adzuki bean. In this study, we developed EST-SSR markers for the adzuki bean through next-generation sequencing. More than 112 million high...

Development of Gene-Based SSR Markers in Rice Bean (Vigna umbellata L.) Based on Transcriptome Data

Rice bean (Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & Ohashi) is a warm season annual legume mainly grown in East Asia. Only scarce genomic resources are currently available for this legume crop species and no simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers have been specifically developed for rice bean yet. In this study, approximately 26 million high quality cDNA sequence reads were obtained from...

Transcriptome Sequencing of Mung Bean (Vigna radiate L.) Genes and the Identification of EST-SSR Markers

Mung bean (Vigna radiate (L.) Wilczek) is an important traditional food legume crop, with high economic and nutritional value. It is widely grown in China and other Asian countries. Despite its importance, genomic information is currently unavailable for this crop plant species or some of its close relatives in the Vigna genus. In this study, more than 103 million high quality...

The siRNA cocktail targeting VEGF and HER2 inhibition on the proliferation and induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cell

The aim of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effect of a siRNA cocktail targeting Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) on cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and the expression of VEGF and HER2 in human gastric carcinoma cell. The silencing rate of pre-designed siRNAs that targeted VEGF and HER2 was detected by...

The Therapeutic Effect of Pamidronate on Lethal Avian Influenza A H7N9 Virus Infected Humanized Mice

A novel avian influenza virus H7N9 infection occurred among human populations since 2013. Although the lack of sustained human-to-human transmission limited the epidemics caused by H7N9, the late presentation of most patients and the emergence of neuraminidase-resistant strains made the development of novel antiviral strategy against H7N9 in urgent demands. In this study, we...

Transmission of H7N9 influenza virus in mice by different infective routes

Background On 19 February 2013, the first patient infected with a novel influenza A H7N9 virus from an avian source showed symptoms of sickness. More than 349 laboratory-confirmed cases and 109 deaths have been reported in mainland China since then. Laboratory-confirmed, human-to-human H7N9 virus transmission has not been documented between individuals having close contact...

Avian Influenza A H7N9 Virus Induces Severe Pneumonia in Mice without Prior Adaptation and Responds to a Combination of Zanamivir and COX-2 Inhibitor

Background Human infection caused by the avian influenza A H7N9 virus has a case-fatality rate of over 30%. Systematic study of the pathogenesis of avian H7N9 isolate and effective therapeutic strategies are needed. Methods BALB/c mice were inoculated intranasally with an H7N9 virus isolated from a chicken in a wet market epidemiologically linked to a fatal human case, (A/chicken...

An Animal Model of MERS Produced by Infection of Rhesus Macaques With MERS Coronavirus

In 2012, a novel coronavirus (CoV) associated with severe respiratory disease, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV; previously known as human coronavirus–Erasmus Medical Center or hCoV-EMC), emerged in the Arabian Peninsula. To date, 114 human cases of MERS-CoV have been reported, with 54 fatalities. Animal models for MERS-CoV infection of humans are needed to elucidate...

Enhanced IL-6/IL-6R Signaling Promotes Growth and Malignant Properties in EBV-Infected Premalignant and Cancerous Nasopharyngeal Epithelial Cells

Ling Yip Vivian Wai-Yan Lui Sze Chuen Cesar Wong Annie Lai-Man Cheung Pok Man Hau Musheng Zeng Maria Li Lung Honglin Chen Kwok Wai Lo Kenzo Takada Sai Wah Tsao Qian Tao, The Chinese University of Hong

Novel Avian-Origin Human Influenza A(H7N9) Can Be Transmitted Between Ferrets via Respiratory Droplets

The outbreak of human infections caused by novel avian-origin influenza A(H7N9) in China since March 2013 underscores the need to better understand the pathogenicity and transmissibility of these viruses in mammals. In a ferret model, the pathogenicity of influenza A(H7N9) was found to be less than that of an influenza A(H5N1) strain but comparable to that of 2009 pandemic...

Clinical and Virological Factors Associated with Viremia in Pandemic Influenza A/H1N1/2009 Virus Infection

Background Positive detection of viral RNA in blood and other non-respiratory specimens occurs in severe human influenza A/H5N1 viral infection but is not known to occur commonly in seasonal human influenza infection. Recently, viral RNA was detected in the blood of patients suffering from severe pandemic influenza A/H1N1/2009 viral infection, although the significance of viremia...

Avian-Origin Influenza A(H7N9) Infection in Influenza A(H7N9)–Affected Areas of China: A Serological Study

Serological surveillance conducted in areas of an outbreak of influenza A(H7N9) infection in China found no seropositivity for antibodies specific for avian-origin influenza A(H7N9) among 1129 individuals of the general population, whereas >6% of 396 poultry workers were positive (on the basis of a hemagglutination inhibition titer of ≥ 80) for this subtype, confirming that...

Identification of amino acid substitutions in avian influenza virus (H5N1) matrix protein 1 by using nanoelectrospray MS and MS/MS

Matrix protein 1 (M1), the major structural protein of the avian influenza virus, plays a critical role in regulation of viral RNA transcription via interaction with RNA and transportation of RNP cores. Mutations in M1 have been frequently observed in the highly virulent avian influenza H5N1 virus, which might be crucial to the pathogenic function. Here we report the...

Clinical, Virological, and Histopathological Manifestations of Fatal Human Infections by Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus

Background. Systematic analysis of histopathological and serial virological changes of fatal influenza A(H7N9) cases is lacking. Methods. Patients with A(H7N9) infection admitted to our intensive care unit during 10–23 April 2013 were included. Viral loads in the respiratory tract, as inferred from the cycle threshold (Ct) value of reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction...

Differential Cell Line Susceptibility to the Emerging Novel Human Betacoronavirus 2c EMC/2012: Implications for Disease Pathogenesis and Clinical Manifestation

The emerging novel human betacoronavirus 2c EMC/2012 (HCoV-EMC) was recently isolated from patients with severe pneumonia and renal failure and was associated with an unexplained high crude fatality rate of 56%. We performed a cell line susceptibility study with 28 cell lines. HCoV-EMC was found to infect the human respiratory tract (polarized airway epithelium cell line Calu-3...

Sialic acid receptor detection in the human respiratory tract: evidence for widespread distribution of potential binding sites for human and avian influenza viruses

Background Influenza virus binds to cell receptors via sialic acid (SA) linked glycoproteins. They recognize SA on host cells through their haemagglutinins (H). The distribution of SA on cell surfaces is one determinant of host tropism and understanding its expression on human cells and tissues is important for understanding influenza pathogenesis. The objective of this study...

2009 Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Virus Replicates in Human Lung Tissues

The replication activity of 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus in human lung cells was evaluated in this study. Twentytwo surgically removed human lung tissue samples were infected ex vivo with pandemic H1N1 influenza virus (A/California/ 04/2009), seasonal human H1N1 influenza virus (A/ Shantou/92/09), or a highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus (A/Vietnam/1194/04). Examination...

Preclinical activity of gefitinib in non-keratinizing nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell lines and biomarkers of response

This study evaluated the preclinical activity and molecular predictors of response to gefitinib (Iressa®, Astra Zeneca Inc, UK) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). The activity of gefitinib was evaluated in four human NPC cell lines—HK1, HONE-1, CNE2, C666-1. A representative gefitinib-sensitive (HK1, IC50 = 250 nM) and gefitinib-resistant cell line (HONE-1, IC50 > 15 μM) were...