19 papers found.

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We present a new construction of four dimensional \( \mathcal{N}=3 \) theories, given by M5 branes wrapping a T 2 in an M-theory U-fold background. The resulting setup generalizes the one used in the usual class \( \mathcal{S} \) construction of four dimensional theories by using an extra discrete symmetry on the M5 worldvolume. Together with the M-theory U-fold description of (0...

At weak coupling the neighborhood of a E 6 Yukawa point in SU(5) GUT F-theory models is described by a non-resolvable orientifold of the conifold. We explicitly show, first directly in IIB and then via a mirror symmetry argument, that in this limit the E 6 Yukawa coupling is better described as coming from the non-perturbative contribution of a euclidean D1-brane wrapping the non...

We describe global embeddings of fractional D3 branes at orientifolded singularities in type IIB flux compactifications. We present an explicit Calabi-Yau example where the chiral visible sector lives on a local orientifolded quiver while non-perturbative effects, α′ corrections and a T-brane hidden sector lead to full closed string moduli stabilisation in a de Sitter vacuum. The...

String theory provides us with 8d supersymmetric gauge theory with gauge algebras \( \mathfrak{s}\mathfrak{u}(N),\mathfrak{s}\mathfrak{o}(2N),\mathfrak{s}\mathfrak{p}(N),{\mathfrak{e}}_6,{\mathfrak{e}}_7\kern0.5em \mathrm{and}\kern0.5em {\mathfrak{e}}_8 \), but no construction for \( \mathfrak{so}\left(2N+1\right) \), \( {\mathfrak{f}}_4 \) and \( {\mathfrak{g}}_2 \) is known. In...

We study the effect of quantum corrections on heterotic compactifications on elliptic fibrations away from the stable degeneration limit, elaborating on a recent observation by Malmendier and Morrison. We show that already for the simplest nontrivial elliptic fibration the effect is quite dramatic: the I 1 degeneration with trivial gauge background dynamically splits into two T...

We introduce a class of four dimensional field theories constructed by quotienting ordinary \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) U(N ) SYM by particular combinations of R-symmetry and SL(2, ℤ) automorphisms. These theories appear naturally on the worldvolume of D3 branes probing terminal singularities in F-theory, where they can be thought of as non-perturbative generalizations of the O3 plane...

We analyze S-duality of orientifolds of the Calabi-Yau cone over the first del Pezzo surface (dP 1). The S-duals of known phases, described by quiver gauge theories, contain intrinsically strongly-coupled sectors. These sectors are realized by a higher multiplicity intersection of NS5 branes and D5 branes atop an O5 plane, and can be thought of as stuck at the infinite coupling...

We discuss techniques for embedding a nilpotent Goldstino sector both in weakly coupled type IIB compactifications and F-theory models at arbitrary coupling, providing examples of both scenarios in semi-realistic compactifications. We start by showing how to construct a local embedding for the nilpotent Goldstino in terms of an anti D3-brane in a local conifold throat, and then...

We study the (1, 0) six-dimensional SCFTs living on defects of non-geometric heterotic backgrounds (T-fects) preserving a E 7 × E 8 subgroup of E 8 × E 8. These configurations can be dualized explicitly to F-theory on elliptic K3-fibered non-compact Calabi-Yau threefolds. We find that the majority of the resulting dual threefolds contain non-resolvable singularities. In those...

In the case of F-theory compactifications on genus-one fibrations without section there are naturally appearing discrete symmetries, which we argue to be associated to geometrically massive U(1) gauge symmetries. These discrete symmetries are shown to induce non-trivial selection rules for the allowed Yukawa couplings in SU(N) gauge theories. The general discussion is exemplified...

We show that non-Spin cycles in type IIB Calabi-Yau orientifold compactifications with vanishing B field naturally support orientifold-invariant D-brane instantons. These instantons, associated to the holomorphic cotangent bundle of the non-Spin cycle, can lead to non-perturbative corrections to the superpotential.

We report on a broad new class of \( \mathcal{N} \) = 1 gauge theory dualities which relatethe worldvolume gauge theories of D3 branes probing different orientifolds of the sameCalabi-Yau singularity. In this paper, we focus on the simplest example of these newdualities, arising from the orbifold singularity \( {{\mathbb{C}}^3}/{{\mathbb{Z}}_3} \). We present extensive checks of...

We present a string theoretical description, given in terms of branes and orientifolds wrapping vanishing cycles, of the dual pairs of gauge theories analyzed in [1]. Based on the resulting construction we argue that the duality that we observe in field theory is inherited from S-duality of type IIB string theory. We analyze in detail the complex cone over the zeroth del Pezzo...

We study the physics of F-theory compactifications on genus-one fibrations without section by using an M-theory dual description. The five-dimensional action obtained by considering M-theory on a Calabi-Yau threefold is compared with a sixdimensional F-theory effective action reduced on an additional circle. We propose that the six-dimensional effective action of these setups...

We work out the exact in g s and perturbatively exact in α′ result for the vector multiplet moduli Kähler potential in a specific \( \mathcal{N} \) = 2 compactification of F-theory. The well-known α ′3 correction is absent, but there is a rich structure of corrections at all even orders in α ′ . Moreover, each of these orders independently displays an SL(2, \( \mathbb{Z...

We describe how local toric singularities, including the Toric Lego construction, can be embedded in compact Calabi-Yau manifolds. We study in detail the addition of D-branes, including non-compact flavor branes as typically used in semi-realistic model building. The global geometry provides constraints on allowable local models. As an illustration of our discussion we focus on...

We present and analyze in detail a compact F-theory GUT model in which D-brane instantons generate the top Yukawa coupling non-perturbatively. We elucidate certain aspects of F-theory gauge dynamics which are absent in the Type IIB limit, due to quantum splitting of certain brane stacks. Finally, we provide a working implementation of an algorithm for computing cohomology of line...

Within the context of local type IIB models arising from branes at toric Calabi-Yau singularities, we present a systematic way of joining any number of desired sectors into a consistent theory. The different sectors interact via massive messengers with masses controlled by tunable parameters. We apply this method to a toy model of the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM...