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Grain legume cultivation and children’s dietary diversity in smallholder farming households in rural Ghana and Kenya

. He wants to unravel these processes and relationships t h r o u g h t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f (statistical) models, field and greenhouse experiments and the analysis of large datasets. Inge D ... . Brouwer is Associate Professor at the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University. Her research focuses on the improvement of dietary quality of (young) women and children in low and middle income

Seasonality affects dietary diversity of school-age children in northern Ghana

. The authors also thank the mothers/caregivers who participated in the survey. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Abdul-Razak Abizari, Inge D. Brouwer. Formal analysis: Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta ... Azupogo. Funding acquisition: Abdul-Razak Abizari. Investigation: Abdul-Razak Abizari, Miwako Nagasu, Noortje Creemers. Methodology: Abdul-Razak Abizari, Inge D. Brouwer. Supervision: Abdul-Razak Abizari

Subclinical inflammation influences the association between vitamin A- and iron status among schoolchildren in Ghana

Background and objective In resource-poor settings, micronutrient deficiencies such as vitamin A deficiency may co-exist with iron-deficiency. In this study we assessed the iron and vitamin A status of schoolchildren and the association between vitamin A and iron status. Methods A cross-sectional design using the baseline data of a dietary intervention trial conducted among...

Proxy markers of serum retinol concentration, used alone and in combination, to assess population vitamin A status in Kenyan children: a cross-sectional study

Background Serum retinol concentration determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is recommended by the World Health Organization to assess population vitamin A status. This assay is expensive, technically demanding and rarely available in developing countries. Our objective was a) to assess the diagnostic performance of proxy markers in detecting vitamin A...

Cowpeas in Northern Ghana and the Factors that Predict Caregivers’ Intention to Give Them to Schoolchildren

Background Cowpeas are important staple legumes among the rural poor in northern Ghana. Our objectives were to assess the iron and zinc content of cowpea landraces and identify factors that predict the intention of mothers/caregivers to give cowpeas to their schoolchildren. Methods and Findings We performed biochemical analysis on 14 landraces of cowpeas and assessed the opinion...

Dephytinisation with Intrinsic Wheat Phytase and Iron Fortification Significantly Increase Iron Absorption from Fonio (Digitaria exilis) Meals in West African Women

Low iron and high phytic acid content make fonio based meals a poor source of bioavailable iron. Phytic acid degradation in fonio porridge using whole grain cereals as phytase source and effect on iron bioavailability when added to iron fortified fonio meals were investigated. Grains, nuts and seeds collected in Mali markets were screened for phytic acid and phytase activity. We...

Biofortified Cassava with Pro-Vitamin A Is Sensory and Culturally Acceptable for Consumption by Primary School Children in Kenya

Background Biofortification of cassava with pro-vitamin A can potentially reduce vitamin A deficiency in low-income countries. However, little is known about consumer acceptance of this deep yellow variety of cassava compared to the commonly available white varieties. We aimed to determine the sensory and cultural acceptability of the consumption of pro-vitamin A rich cassava in...

Efficacy of iron fortification compared to iron supplementation among Vietnamese schoolchildren

The effect of iron fortification is generally assumed to be less than iron supplementation; however, the magnitude of difference in effects is not known. The present study aims to compare the efficacy of these two strategies on anaemia and iron status. After screening on low Hb, 425 anaemic children in six primary schools in Tam Nong district of Phu Tho province were included in...