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Different indicators of socioeconomic status and their relative importance as determinants of health in old age

Socioeconomic status has been operationalised in a variety of ways, most commonly as education, social class, or income. In this study, we also use occupational complexity and a SES-index as alternative measures of socioeconomic status. Studies show that in analyses of health inequalities in the general population, the choice of indicators influence the magnitude of the observed...

Midlife work-related stress is associated with late-life cognition

To investigate the associations between midlife work-related stress and late-life cognition in individuals without dementia from the general population. The Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia (CAIDE) study population (n = 2000) was randomly selected from independent Finnish population-based surveys (baseline mean age 50 years). Participants underwent two re...

Validation of abridged mini-mental state examination scales using population-based data from Sweden and USA

The objective of this study is to validate two abridged versions of the mini-mental state examination (MMSE): one intended for use in face-to-face interviews, and the other developed for telephonic interviews, using data from Sweden and the US to validate the abridged scales against dementia diagnoses as well as to compare their performance to that of the full MMSE scale. The...

Alcohol abstinence, non-hazardous use and hazardous use a decade after alcohol-related hospitalization: registry data linked to population-based representative postal surveys

Background Although there is evident association between alcohol-related hospitalization and alcohol use, the relationship has not been well examined. This study analyzed the extent of alcohol abstinence, non-hazardous use and hazardous use among people who had experienced alcohol-related hospitalization during the preceding decade. Method Registry data concerning alcohol-related...

Associations between work-related stress in late midlife, educational attainment, and serious health problems in old age: a longitudinal study with over 20 years of follow-up

Background People spend a considerable amount of time at work over the course of their lives, which makes the workplace important to health and aging. However, little is known about the potential long-term effects of work-related stress on late-life health. This study aims to examine work-related stress in late midlife and educational attainment in relation to serious health...

Income and education as predictors of return to working life among younger stroke patients

Background Socioeconomic conditions are not only related to poor health outcomes, they also contribute to the chances of recovery from stroke. This study examines whether income and education were predictors of return to work after a first stroke among persons aged 40-59. Methods All first-stroke survivors aged 40-59 who were discharged from a hospital in 1996-2000 and who had...

Recurring alcohol-related care between 1998 and 2007 among people treated for an alcohol-related disorder in 1997: A register study in Stockholm County

Damström-Thakker 2 Ingemar Kåreholt 1 0 Karolinska Institutet, Social medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet , Box 170 70, SE - 104 62 Stockholm , Sweden 1 Aging Research

Education-related differences in physical performance after age 60: a cross-sectional study assessing variation by age, gender and occupation

Background Having a low level of education has been associated with worse physical performance. However, it is unclear whether this association varies by age, gender or the occupational categories of manual and non-manual work. This study examined whether there are education-related differences across four dimensions of physical performance by age, gender or occupational class...

Relation of Education and Occupation-based Socioeconomic Status to Incident Alzheimer’s Disease

In this study, the authors evaluated whether the association between low educational level and increased risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and dementia may be explained by occupation-based socioeconomic status (SES). A cohort of 931 nondemented subjects aged ≥75 years from the Kungsholmen Project, Stockholm, Sweden, was followed for 3 years between 1987 and 1993. A total of 101...