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The self-reported health of U.S. flight attendants compared to the general population

Background Few studies have examined the broad health effects of occupational exposures in flight attendants apart from disease-specific morbidity and mortality studies. We describe the health status of flight attendants and compare it to the U.S. population. In addition, we explore whether the prevalence of major health conditions in flight attendants is associated with length...

Medication Use Patterns among Urban Youth Participating in School-Based Asthma Education

Although pharmaceutical management is an integral part of asthma control, few community-based analyses have focused on this aspect of disease management. The primary goal of this analysis was to assess whether participation in the school-based Kickin’ Asthma program improved appropriate asthma medication use among middle school students. A secondary goal was to determine whether...

Ambient Ozone Concentrations and Cardiac Mortality in Southern California 1983–2000: Application of a New Marginal Structural Model Approach

, Berkeley, California (Ira Tager). Financial support for this work was provided by the Cal- ifornia Air Resources Board (contract 01-346). The authors acknowledge Dr. Mark van der Laan for his guidance on

Cytogenetic damage in buccal epithelia and peripheral lymphocytes of young healthy individuals exposed to ozone

Ozone (O3) is an important component of air pollution and a potent oxidant of biomolecules. To address the hypothesis that elevated ambient O3 can induce cytogenetic damage in healthy people, we collected buccal cells from two groups of students (N = 126) from University of California, Berkeley, in the spring and again in the fall. One group spent their summer in the Los Angeles...

Effects of Body Composition and Leisure-time Physical Activity on Transitions in Physical Functioning in the Elderly

Physical activity and body composition were examined with respect to variation in functional limitation over a 6-year period (four surveys conducted between 1994 and 2000) based on a cohort of 1,655 community-dwelling older women and men living in Sonoma, California. Measures of functional limitation and physical activity were based on standard self-report questions. Measures of...

Temporal Trends and Factors Associated with Survival after Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia in California, 1983–1992

The authors investigated quarterly trends in survival after the diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia for 19,607 patients in California in the decade from January 1, 1983, through December 31, 1992. Subjects included all cases for whom P. carinii pneumonia was the initial (and only) acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining diagnosis as reported to the California...