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10 papers found.
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Regulation of SREBPs by Sphingomyelin in Adipocytes via a Caveolin and Ras-ERK-MAPK-CREB Signaling Pathway

Sterol response element binding protein (SREBP) is a key transcription factor in insulin and glucose metabolism. We previously demonstrated that elevated levels of membrane sphingomyelin (SM) were related to peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), which is a known target gene of SREBP-1 in adipocytes. However, the role of SM in SREBP expression in adipocytes remains...

Potentiometric detection and removal of copper using porphyrins

Background Copper is an essential trace element with a great importance in industry, environment and biological systems. The great advantage of ion-selective sensors in comparison with other proposed techniques is that they are measuring the free metal ion activity which is responsible for their toxicity. Porphyrins are known to be among the best ionophores in formulation of ion...

Production of Multiple Brain-Like Ganglioside Species Is Dispensable for Fas-Induced Apoptosis of Lymphoid Cells

Activation of an acid sphingomyelinase (aSMase) leading to a biosynthesis of GD3 disialoganglioside has been associated with Fas-induced apoptosis of lymphoid cells. The present study was undertaken to clarify the role of this enzyme in the generation of gangliosides during apoptosis triggered by Fas ligation. The issue was addressed by using aSMase-deficient and aSMase-corrected...

Erratum to: Analysis of epidermal lipids in normal and atopic dogs, before and after administration of an oral omega-6/ omega-3 fatty acid feed supplement. A pilot study

Nathalie. The authors' names should read: Iuliana Popa Didier Pin Nolle Remou Bilal Osta Sylvie Callejon Emilie Videmont Hugues Gatto Jacques Portoukalian Marek Haftek

Human Endogenous Retrovirus Protein Activates Innate Immunity and Promotes Experimental Allergic Encephalomyelitis in Mice

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex multifactorial disease of the central nervous system (CNS) for which animal models have mainly addressed downstream immunopathology but not potential inducers of autoimmunity. In the absence of a pathogen known to cause neuroinflammation in MS, Mycobacterial lysate is commonly used in the form of complete Freund's adjuvant to induce...

The ganglioside GD2 induces the constitutive activation of c-Met in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells expressing the GD3 synthase

We have recently established and characterized cellular clones deriving from MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells that express the human GD3 synthase (GD3S), the enzyme that controls the biosynthesis of b- and c-series gangliosides. The GD3S positive clones show a proliferative phenotype in the absence of serum or growth factors and an increased tumor growth in severe immunodeficient...

Different mechanisms are involved in apoptosis induced by melanoma gangliosides on human monocyte-derived dendritic cells

Tumor escape is linked to multiple mechanisms, notably the liberation, by tumor cells, of soluble factors that inhibit the function of dendritic cells (DC). We have shown that melanoma gangliosides impair DC differentiation and induce their apoptosis. The present study was aimed to give insight into the mechanisms involved. DC apoptosis was independent of the catabolism of...

Purification and structural characterization of de-N-acetylated form of GD3 ganglioside present in human melanoma tumors

The presence of gangliosides containing de-N-acetylated sialic acids in human tissues has been so far shown by using mouse monoclonal antibodies specific for the de-N-acetylated forms, but the isolation and chemical characterization of such compounds have not yet been performed. Since indirect evidence suggested that de-N-acetylGD3 ganglioside could be present in human melanoma...

Glycosylation-related gene expression profiling in the brain and spleen of scrapie-affected mouse

A central event in the formation of infectious prions is the conformational change of a host-encoded glycoprotein, PrPC, into a pathogenic isoform, PrPSc. The molecular requirements for efficient PrP conversion remain unknown. Altered glycosylation has been linked to various pathologies and the N-glycans harbored by two prion protein isoforms are different. In order to search for...

Melanoma-derived gangliosides impair migratory and antigen-presenting function of human epidermal Langerhans cells and induce their apoptosis

Gangliosides are ubiquitous, membrane-associated, glycosphingolipids, the composition and production of which is altered in many tumour cells. They have been shown to inhibit the in vitro generation and differentiation of dendritic cells (DCs) from progenitors, but their effect on human tissue-residing DCs is yet to be investigated. In the present study, we analysed the effect of...