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Intellectual autonomy, epistemic dependence and cognitive enhancement

Intellectual autonomy has long been identified as an epistemic virtue, one that has been championed influentially by (among others) Kant, Hume and Emerson. Manifesting intellectual autonomy, at least, in a virtuous way, does not require that we form our beliefs in cognitive isolation. Rather, as Roberts and Wood (Intellectual virtues: an essay in regulative epistemology, OUP ...

Meta-epistemic defeat

J. Adam Carter 0 0 University of Edinburgh , Edinburgh , UK An account of meta-epistemic defeaters-distinct from traditional (firstorder) epistemic defeaters-is motivated and defended, drawing from

Sosa on knowledge, judgment and guessing

In Chapter 3 of Judgment and Agency, Sosa (Judgment and Agency, 2015) explicates the concept of a fully apt performance. In the course of doing so, he draws from illustrative examples of practical performances and applies lessons drawn to the case of cognitive performances, and in particular, to the cognitive performance of judging. Sosa’s examples in the practical sphere are rich ...

Reproductive life history of sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) from the U.S. Washington coast

comments on an earlier draft of this manuscript. Funding acquisition: Frederick W. Goetz, Penny Swanson. Investigation: Jose M. GuzmaÂn, J. Adam Luckenbach, Mollie A. Middleton, Cortney Jensen, Frederick ... W. Goetz, Andrew J. Jasonowicz, Penny Swanson. Methodology: Jose M. GuzmaÂn, J. Adam Luckenbach, Mollie A. Middleton, Kenneth C. Massee, Cortney Jensen, Frederick W. Goetz, Andrew J. Jasonowicz

Is vertebral rotation correction maintained after thoracoscopic anterior scoliosis surgery? A low-dose computed tomography study

Axial vertebral rotation is a key characteristic of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and its reduction is one of the goals of corrective surgery. Recurrence of deformity after surgical correction may relate to rotation changes that occur in the anterior vertebral column after surgery, but whether any change occurs within the fused segment or in adjacent unfused levels ...

The modal account of luck revisited

According to the canonical formulation of the modal account of luck [e.g. Pritchard (2005)], an event is lucky just when that event occurs in the actual world but not in a wide class of the nearest possible worlds where the relevant conditions for that event are the same as in the actual world. This paper argues, with reference to a novel variety of counterexample, that it is a ...

Neural correlates of conflict between gestures and words: A domain-specific role for a temporal-parietal complex

The interpretation of social cues is a fundamental function of human social behavior, and resolution of inconsistencies between spoken and gestural cues plays an important role in successful interactions. To gain insight into these underlying neural processes, we compared neural responses in a traditional color/word conflict task and to a gesture/word conflict task to test ...

Continuously Grooved Stent Struts for Enhanced Endothelial Cell Seeding

Purpose Implantation of pre-endothelialized stents could enhance cellular recovery of a damaged vessel wall provided attached cells remain viable, functional and are present in sufficient numbers after deployment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of grooved stainless steel (SS) stents as a primary endothelial cell (EC) carrier with potentially enhanced EC ...

Belief without credence

One of the deepest ideological divides in contemporary epistemology concerns the relative importance of belief versus credence. A prominent consideration in favor of credence-based epistemology is the ease with which it appears to account for rational action. In contrast, cases with risky payoff structures threaten to break the link between rational belief and rational action. This ...

Acid-Sensing Ion Channel 1a Contributes to Airway Hyperreactivity in Mice

Neurons innervating the airways contribute to airway hyperreactivity (AHR), a hallmark feature of asthma. Several observations suggested that acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs), neuronal cation channels activated by protons, might contribute to AHR. For example, ASICs are found in vagal sensory neurons that innervate airways, and asthmatic airways can become acidic. Moreover, airway ...

Expression Profiles of Fsh-Regulated Ovarian Genes during Oogenesis in Coho Salmon

The function of follicle-stimulating hormone (Fsh) during oogenesis in fishes is poorly understood. Using coho salmon as a fish model, we recently identified a suite of genes regulated by Fsh in vitro and involved in ovarian processes mostly unexplored in fishes, like cell proliferation, differentiation, survival or extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. To better understand the ...

Plant community feedbacks and long-term ecosystem responses to multi-factored global change

J. Adam Langley 1 Bruce A. Hungate 0 Guest Editor: Elise S. Gornish 0 Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Deparment of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University , Flagstaff, AZ 86011

The effect of endplate preselection when measuring supine versus standing cobb angle change in idiopathic scoliosis

Robert D Labrom 0 Mark J Pearcy 0 Clayton J Adam 0 Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology and Mater 0 QUT/Mater Paediatric Spine Research Group, Institute of Health - known to occur