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Search: authors:"J. Leal"

5 papers found.
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Impact of hip fracture on hospital care costs: a population-based study

Summary Using a large cohort of hip fracture patients, we estimated hospital costs to be £14,163 and £2139 in the first and second year following fracture, respectively. Second hip and non-hip fractures were major cost drivers. There is a strong economic incentive to identify cost-effective approaches for hip fracture prevention. Introduction The purpose of this study was to...

UKPDS Outcomes Model 2: a new version of a model to simulate lifetime health outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using data from the 30 year United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study: UKPDS 82

. 512463 and capacity building grant no. 571372. A. M. Gray, J. Leal and R. R. Holman acknowledge the support of a UK Medical Research Council project grant on disease modelling (grant ID: 87386). R. R

Varicella-Zoster Virus in the Saliva of Patients with Herpes Zoster

Fifty-four patients with herpes zoster were treated with valacyclovir. On treatment days 1, 8, and 15, pain was scored and saliva examined for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) DNA. VZV DNAwas found in every patient the day treatment was started and later disappeared in 82%. There was a positive correlation between the presence of VZVDNA and pain and between VZV DNA copy number and...

Pneumothorax during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication

We present a case of 100% pneumothorax in a 41-yr-old man with a history of gastritis and gastroesophageal reflux scheduled for Nissen fundoplication. The patient was anaesthetized, and insufflation of the abdominal cavity with carbon dioxide was performed uneventfully. There was an increase in the peak inspiratory pressure and wheezing was noted with a decrease in the arterial...