Advanced search    

Search: authors:"James G. Herman"

26 papers found.
Use AND, OR, NOT, +word, -word, "long phrase", (parentheses) to fine-tune your search.

Methylation of ZNF331 is an independent prognostic marker of colorectal cancer and promotes colorectal cancer growth

Background ZNF331 was reported to be a transcriptional repressor. Methylation of the promoter region of ZNF331 has been found frequently in human esophageal and gastric cancers. The function and methylation status of ZNF331 remain to be elucidated in human colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods Six colorectal cancer cell lines, 146 cases of primary colorectal cancer samples, and 10...

Silencing HOXD10 by promoter region hypermethylation activates ERK signaling in hepatocellular carcinoma

Background Hepatocellular carcinoma is the fifth most common malignancy and the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Dysregulation of HomeoboxD10 (HOXD10) was found to suppress or promote cancer progression in different cancer types. The function and regulation of HOXD10 remain unclear in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods Primary HCC samples (117...

DREAMing: a simple and ultrasensitive method for assessing intratumor epigenetic heterogeneity directly from liquid biopsies

Many cancers comprise heterogeneous populations of cells at primary and metastatic sites throughout the body. The presence or emergence of distinct subclones with drug-resistant genetic and epigenetic phenotypes within these populations can greatly complicate therapeutic intervention. Liquid biopsies of peripheral blood from cancer patients have been suggested as an ideal means...

Methylation of DACT2 Promotes Papillary Thyroid Cancer Metastasis by Activating Wnt Signaling

Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignant disease and the incidence is increasing. DACT2 was found frequently methylated in human lung cancer and hepatocellular carcinoma. To explore the epigenetic change and the role of DACT2 in thyroid cancer, 7 thyroid cancer cell lines, 10 cases of non-cancerous thyroid tissue samples and 99 cases of primary thyroid cancer samples...

Predictive value of CHFR and MLH1 methylation in human gastric cancer

Background Gastric carcinoma (GC) has one of the highest mortality rates of cancer diseases and has a high incidence rate in China. Palliative chemotherapy is the main treatment for advanced gastric cancer. It is necessary to compare the effectiveness and toxicities of different regimens. This study explores the possibility of methylation of DNA damage repair genes serving as a...

Silencing DACH1 Promotes Esophageal Cancer Growth by Inhibiting TGF-β Signaling

Human Dachshund homologue 1 (DACH1) is a major component of the Retinal Determination Gene Network. Loss of DACH1 expression was found in breast, prostate, lung, endometrial, colorectal and hepatocellular carcinoma. To explore the expression, regulation and function of DACH1 in human esophageal cancer, 11 esophageal cancer cell lines, 10 cases of normal esophageal mucosa, 51...

Emerging evidence for CHFR as a cancer biomarker: from tumor biology to precision medicine

Novel insights in the biology of cancer have switched the paradigm of a “one-size-fits-all” cancer treatment to an individualized biology-driven treatment approach. In recent years, a diversity of biomarkers and targeted therapies has been discovered. Although these examples accentuate the promise of personalized cancer treatment, for most cancers and cancer subgroups no...

PcG Proteins, DNA Methylation, and Gene Repression by Chromatin Looping

Many DNA hypermethylated and epigenetically silenced genes in adult cancers are Polycomb group (PcG) marked in embryonic stem (ES) cells. We show that a large region upstream (∼30 kb) of and extending ∼60 kb around one such gene, GATA-4, is organized—in Tera-2 undifferentiated embryonic carcinoma (EC) cells—in a topologically complex multi-loop conformation that is formed by...

Epigenetic alteration of Wnt pathway antagonists in progressive glandular neoplasia of the lung

Background: Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) is now recognized as a precursor lesion from which lung adenocarcinomas arise and thus represents an ideal target for studying the early genetic and epigenetic alterations associated with lung tumorigenesis such as alterations of the Wnt pathway. Methods: We assessed the level of Wnt signaling activity in lung cancer cell lines...

CHFR promoter hypermethylation in colon cancer correlates with the microsatellite instability phenotype

A subset of sporadic colon cancers has been shown to have microsatellite instability caused by an epigenetic inactivation of the MLH1 gene by hypermethylation of the the CpG island in its promoter region. We report here that in colorectal cancer, inactivation of the MLH1 gene is frequently accompanied by hypermethylation of the CpG island in the promoter of the mitotic gene...

Convergence of Mutation and Epigenetic Alterations Identifies Common Genes in Cancer That Predict for Poor Prognosis

Background The identification and characterization of tumor suppressor genes has enhanced our understanding of the biology of cancer and enabled the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Whereas in past decades, a handful of tumor suppressors have been slowly identified using techniques such as linkage analysis, large-scale sequencing of the cancer genome has...

Early Life Exposure to Famine and Colorectal Cancer Risk: A Role for Epigenetic Mechanisms

Background Exposure to energy restriction during childhood and adolescence is associated with a lower risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Epigenetic dysregulation during this critical period of growth and development may be a mechanism to explain such observations. Within the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer, we investigated the association between early life...

Promoter CpG island hypermethylation- and H3K9me3 and H3K27me3-mediated epigenetic silencing targets the deleted in colon cancer (DCC) gene in colorectal carcinogenesis without affecting neighboring genes on chromosomal region 18q21

Chromosomal loss of 18q21 is a frequent event in colorectal cancer (CRC) development, suggesting that this region harbors tumor suppressor genes (TSGs). Several candidate TSGs, among which methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 1 (MBD1), CpG-binding protein CXXC1, Sma- and Mad-related protein 4 (SMAD4), deleted in colon cancer (DCC) and methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 2 (MBD2) are...

Molecular progression of promoter methylation in intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) of the pancreas

To understand the role of gene promoter methylation in neoplastic evolution and progression, the methylation changes associated with 15 candidate tumor suppressor genes were studied throughout stages of tumor progression involving intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) of the pancreas. Genomic DNA from 28 pancreatic IPMN tissue samples, categorized histologically as non...

Inhibition of SIRT1 Reactivates Silenced Cancer Genes without Loss of Promoter DNA Hypermethylation

The class III histone deactylase (HDAC), SIRT1, has cancer relevance because it regulates lifespan in multiple organisms, down-regulates p53 function through deacetylation, and is linked to polycomb gene silencing in Drosophila. However, it has not been reported to mediate heterochromatin formation or heritable silencing for endogenous mammalian genes. Herein, we show that SIRT1...

Integrated analysis of chromosomal, microsatellite and epigenetic instability in colorectal cancer identifies specific associations between promoter methylation of pivotal tumour suppressor and DNA repair genes and specific chromosomal alterations

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a complex and heterogeneous disease in which genomic instability and DNA promoter methylation play important roles. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between chromosomal instability (CIN), microsatellite instability (MSI) and promoter methylation of CRC-associated genes. Therefore, 71 CRCs were analysed for CIN and MSI by...

Aberrant patterns of DNA methylation, chromatin formation and gene expression in cancer

Gene function in cancer can be disrupted either through genetic alterations, which directly mutate or delete genes, or epigenetic alterations, which alter the heritable state of gene expression. The latter events are mediated by formation of transcriptionally repressive chromatin states around gene transcription start sites and an associated gain of methylation in normally...

Secondary Chemoprevention of Barrett's Esophagus With Celecoxib: Results of a Randomized Trial

; Shawn J. Calderon; Methylation analysis, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD: James G. Herman, MD; Department of Pathology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX