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What Do Passengers Do During Travel Time? Structured Observations on Buses and Trains

. James Stanley () is a Research Fellow and biostatistician in the Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand. Angrosino , M. V. 2005 . Recontextualizing observation

Racism and health in New Zealand: Prevalence over time and associations between recent experience of racism and health and wellbeing measures using national survey data

: James Stanley. Formal analysis: James Stanley. Funding acquisition: Ricci B. Harris, James Stanley, Donna M. Cormack. Investigation: Ricci B. Harris, James Stanley, Donna M. Cormack. Methodology: Ricci ... B. Harris, James Stanley, Donna M. Cormack. Project administration: Ricci B. Harris. Resources: Ricci B. Harris, James Stanley. Software: James Stanley. Supervision: Ricci B. Harris. Validation

The Fear Reduction Exercised Early (FREE) approach to low back pain: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Low back pain (LBP) is a major health issue associated with considerable health loss and societal costs. General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in the management of LBP; however, GP care has not been shown to be the most cost-effective approach unless exercise and behavioural counselling are added to usual care. The Fear Reduction Exercised Early (FREE) approach to...

Development and testing of study tools and methods to examine ethnic bias and clinical decision-making among medical students in New Zealand: The Bias and Decision-Making in Medicine (BDMM) study

Background Health provider racial/ethnic bias and its relationship to clinical decision-making is an emerging area of research focus in understanding and addressing ethnic health inequities. Examining potential racial/ethnic bias among medical students may provide important information to inform medical education and training. This paper describes the development, pretesting and...

Investigating the Relationship between Ethnic Consciousness, Racial Discrimination and Self-Rated Health in New Zealand

In this study, we examine race/ethnic consciousness and its associations with experiences of racial discrimination and health in New Zealand. Racism is an important determinant of health and cause of ethnic inequities. However, conceptualising the mechanisms by which racism impacts on health requires racism to be contextualised within the broader social environment. Race/ethnic...

Time to second abortion or continued pregnancy following a first abortion: a retrospective cohort study

STUDY QUESTION What proportions of women have a second abortion or continued pregnancy within 12–46 months of a first abortion?

A retrospective cohort study of patients with stomach and liver cancers: the impact of comorbidity and ethnicity on cancer care and outcomes

Background Comorbidity has an adverse impact on cancer survival partly through its negative impact on receipt of curative treatment. Comorbidity is unevenly distributed within populations, with some ethnic and socioeconomic groups having considerably higher burden. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-relationships between comorbidity, ethnicity, receipt of...

Investigating the Relationship between Socially-Assigned Ethnicity, Racial Discrimination and Health Advantage in New Zealand

Background While evidence of the contribution of racial discrimination to ethnic health disparities has increased significantly, there has been less research examining relationships between ascribed racial/ethnic categories and health. It has been hypothesized that in racially-stratified societies being assigned as belonging to the dominant racial/ethnic group may be associated...

Clinical effectiveness of an ultra-brief intervention for common mental health syndromes in primary care: study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Background Although mild to moderate mental health problems are common and often debilitating, treatment options in primary care settings in New Zealand are often severely limited for patients with these conditions. Previously, we developed an ultra-brief intervention (UBI) to address mild to moderate psychological concerns, designed to be delivered by primary care clinicians...

The relationship between socially-assigned ethnicity, health and experience of racial discrimination for Māori: analysis of the 2006/07 New Zealand Health Survey

Donna M Cormack 0 James Stanley 0 0 Equal contributors University of Otago , PO Box 7343, Wellington, Wellington South 6242 , New Zealand Background: In New Zealand, there are significant and long

The positive impact of interprofessional education: a controlled trial to evaluate a programme for health professional students

Background Collaborative interprofessional practice is an important means of providing effective care to people with complex health problems. Interprofessional education (IPE) is assumed to enhance interprofessional practice despite challenges to demonstrate its efficacy. This study evaluated whether an IPE programme changed students’ attitudes to interprofessional teams and...

Evaluation of characteristics, associations and clinical course of isolated spontaneous renal artery dissection

Background Spontaneous renal artery dissection (SRAD) is a rare entity of unknown etiology. We aimed to study the clinical course and outcomes and compare the characteristics of patients with SRAD with those of the general population.

Alcohol in urban streetscapes: a comparison of the use of Google Street View and on-street observation

Stanley 0 Nick Wilson 0 George Thomson 0 0 Department of Public Health, University of Otago , Wellington, PO Box 7343, Wellington , New Zealand Background: Alcohol-related harm is a major global health

Wāhine hauora: linking local hospital and national health information datasets to explore maternal risk factors and obstetric outcomes of New Zealand Māori and non-Māori women in relation to infant respiratory admissions and timely immunisations

Background Significant health inequities exist around maternal and infant health for Māori, the indigenous people of New Zealand. The infants of Māori are more likely to die in their first year of life and also have higher rates of hospital admission for respiratory illnesses, with the greatest burden of morbidity being due to bronchiolitis in those under one year of age. Timely...

The quick and the dead: when reaction beats intention

Andrew E. Welchman () James Stanley Malte R. Schomers R. Chris Miall Heinrich H. Blthoff 0 Pembroke College, University of Cambridge , Cambridge CB2 1QA , UK 1 School of Medicine, University of Otago

Disruption of State Estimation in the Human Lateral Cerebellum

The cerebellum has been proposed to be a crucial component in the state estimation process that combines information from motor efferent and sensory afferent signals to produce a representation of the current state of the motor system. Such a state estimate of the moving human arm would be expected to be used when the arm is rapidly and skillfully reaching to a target. We now...

An Analysis of the Rules of Contribution and No Contribution for Joint and Several Liability in Conspiracy Cases

SEVERAL LIABILITY IN CONSPIRACY CASES FOR Timothy James Stanley* TABLE OF CONTENTS * Ph.D Candidate, Engineering-Economic Systems, Stanford University; J.D. 1992, University of Michigan; M.S. 1989 ... , Stanford University; B.S. 1986, Stanford University. I wish to thank Timothy Church, Donald Dunn, Louis Kaplow, A. Mitchell Polinsky, Steven Shavell, James Stanley, Stacy Stanley, Robert Wilson and the