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15 papers found.
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Assessing the impact of environmental exposures and Cryptosporidium infection in cattle on human incidence of cryptosporidiosis in Southwestern Ontario, Canada

N. Fisman, Amy L. Greer. Investigation: Gabrielle Brankston, Cyndi Boughen, Victoria Ng, David N. Fisman, Jan M. Sargeant, Amy L. Greer. Methodology: Gabrielle Brankston, Victoria Ng, David N ... . Fisman, Jan M. Sargeant, Amy L. Greer. Project administration: Gabrielle Brankston, Cyndi Boughen, David N. Fisman, Jan M. Sargeant, Amy L. Greer. Resources: Cyndi Boughen, Victoria Ng, David N. Fisman

Modeling the effect of surgical sterilization on owned dog population size in Villa de Tezontepec, Hidalgo, Mexico, using an individual-based computer simulation model

. Funding acquisition: Amy L. Greer. Investigation: Luz Maria Kisiel, Andria Jones-Bitton, Erick J. Canales Vargas, Amy L. Greer. Methodology: Luz Maria Kisiel, Andria Jones-Bitton, Jan M. Sargeant, Jason B ... . Coe, D. T. Tyler Flockhart, Amy L. Greer. Project administration: Andria Jones-Bitton, Amy L. Greer. Resources: Andria Jones-Bitton, Jan M. Sargeant, D. T. Tyler Flockhart, Erick J. Canales Vargas

A Quantitative Approach to the Prioritization of Zoonotic Diseases in North America: A Health Professionals’ Perspective

Background Currently, zoonoses account for 58% to 61% of all communicable diseases causing illness in humans globally and up to 75% of emerging human pathogens. Although the impact of zoonoses on animal health and public health in North America is significant, there has been no published research involving health professionals on the prioritization of zoonoses in this region...

A Quantitative and Novel Approach to the Prioritization of Zoonotic Diseases in North America: A Public Perspective

Background Zoonoses account for over half of all communicable diseases causing illness in humans. As there are limited resources available for the control and prevention of zoonotic diseases, a framework for their prioritization is necessary to ensure resources are directed into those of highest importance. Although zoonotic outbreaks are a significant burden of disease in North...

Video observation of hand hygiene practices during routine companion animal appointments and the effect of a poster intervention on hand hygiene compliance

Background Hand hygiene is considered one of the most important infection control measures in human healthcare settings, but there is little information available regarding hand hygiene frequency and technique used in veterinary clinics. The objectives of this study were to describe hand hygiene practices associated with routine appointments in companion animal clinics in Ontario...

A Stakeholder-Informed Approach to the Identification of Criteria for the Prioritization of Zoonoses in Canada

Background Zoonotic diseases account for over 60% of all communicable diseases causing illness in humans and 75% of recently emerging infectious diseases. As limited resources are available for the control and prevention of zoonotic diseases, it is necessary to prioritize diseases in order to direct resources into those with the greatest needs. The selection of criteria for...

Component costs of foodborne illness: a scoping review

Background Governments require high-quality scientific evidence to prioritize resource allocation and the cost-of-illness (COI) methodology is one technique used to estimate the economic burden of a disease. However, variable cost inventories make it difficult to interpret and compare costs across multiple studies. Methods A scoping review was conducted to identify the component...

Evaluating area-level spatial clustering of Salmonella Enteritidis infections and their socioeconomic determinants in the greater Toronto area, Ontario, Canada (2007 – 2009): a retrospective population-based ecological study

Background There have been only a few region-level ecological studies conducted in Canada investigating enteric infections in humans. Our study objectives were to 1) assess the spatial clustering of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) human infections in the Greater Toronto Area, and 2) identify underlying area-level associations between S. Enteritidis...

Pet husbandry and infection control practices related to zoonotic disease risks in Ontario, Canada

Background Many human infections are transmitted through contact with animals (zoonoses), including household pets. Despite this concern, there is limited knowledge of the public’s pet husbandry and infection control practices. The objective of this study was to characterize zoonotic disease related-husbandry and infection preventive practices in pet-owning households in Ontario...

Incidence, distribution, seasonality, and demographic risk factors of Salmonella Enteritidis human infections in Ontario, Canada, 2007–2009

Background In Canada, surveillance systems have highlighted the increasing trend of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) human infections. Our study objectives were to evaluate the epidemiology of S. Enteritidis infections in Ontario using surveillance data from January 1, 2007 through December 31, 2009. Methods Annual age-and-sex-adjusted incidence rates (IRs...

The association between proximity to animal-feeding operations and community health: a protocol for updating a systematic review

Higgins Shelley P Kirychuk Jan M Sargeant Susanna G Von Essen Julie M Glanville Hannah Wood 0 College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University , Ames, Iowa , USA Background: Livestock and poultry

Household knowledge, attitudes and practices related to pet contact and associated zoonoses in Ontario, Canada

Background Many human infections are transmitted through contact with animals (zoonoses), including household pets. Although pet ownership is common in most countries and non-pet owners may have frequent contact with pets, there is limited knowledge of the public’s pet contact practices and awareness of zoonotic disease risks from pets. The objective of this study was to...

A qualitative exploration of the perceptions and information needs of public health inspectors responsible for food safety

Background In Ontario, local public health inspectors play an important frontline role in protecting the public from foodborne illness. This study was an in-depth exploration of public health inspectors' perceptions of the key food safety issues in public health, and their opinions and needs with regards to food safety information resources. Methods Four focus group discussions...

Comparison of the burden of diarrhoeal illness among individuals with and without household cisterns in northeast Brazil

Background Lack of access to safe and secure water is an international issue recognized by the United Nations. To address this problem, the One Million Cisterns Project was initiated in 2001 in Brazil’s semi-arid region to provide a sustainable source of water to households. The objectives of this study were to determine the 30-day period prevalence of diarrhoea in individuals...

The Association between Proximity to Animal Feeding Operations and Community Health: A Systematic Review

Background A systematic review was conducted for the association between animal feeding operations (AFOs) and the health of individuals living near AFOs. Methodology/Principal Findings The review was restricted to studies reporting respiratory, gastrointestinal and mental health outcomes in individuals living near AFOs in North America, European Union, United Kingdom, and...