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22 papers found.
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Initial nutritional management during noninvasive ventilation and outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

Patients starting noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to treat acute respiratory failure are often unable to eat and therefore remain in the fasting state or receive nutritional support. Maintaining a good nutritional status has been reported to improve patient outcomes. In the present study, our primary objective was to describe the nutritional management of patients starting first...

Initial nutritional management during noninvasive ventilation and outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

Patients starting noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to treat acute respiratory failure are often unable to eat and therefore remain in the fasting state or receive nutritional support. Maintaining a good nutritional status has been reported to improve patient outcomes. In the present study, our primary objective was to describe the nutritional management of patients starting first...

Initial nutritional management during noninvasive ventilation and outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

Patients starting noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to treat acute respiratory failure are often unable to eat and therefore remain in the fasting state or receive nutritional support. Maintaining a good nutritional status has been reported to improve patient outcomes. In the present study, our primary objective was to describe the nutritional management of patients starting first...

Initial nutritional management during noninvasive ventilation and outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

Patients starting noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to treat acute respiratory failure are often unable to eat and therefore remain in the fasting state or receive nutritional support. Maintaining a good nutritional status has been reported to improve patient outcomes. In the present study, our primary objective was to describe the nutritional management of patients starting first...

Initial nutritional management during noninvasive ventilation and outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

Patients starting noninvasive ventilation (NIV) to treat acute respiratory failure are often unable to eat and therefore remain in the fasting state or receive nutritional support. Maintaining a good nutritional status has been reported to improve patient outcomes. In the present study, our primary objective was to describe the nutritional management of patients starting first...

Effect of driving pressure on mortality in ARDS patients during lung protective mechanical ventilation in two randomized controlled trials

Background Driving pressure (ΔPrs) across the respiratory system is suggested as the strongest predictor of hospital mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We wonder whether this result is related to the range of tidal volume (V T ). Therefore, we investigated ΔPrs in two trials in which strict lung-protective mechanical ventilation was applied in...

The intensive care medicine research agenda in nutrition and metabolism

. Martindale Stephen A. McClave Jean‑Charles Preiser Jean Reignier Todd W. Rice Greet Van den Berghe Arthur R. H. van Zanten Peter J. M. Weijs 0 Intensive Care Department, MC 1425, College of Medicine, King Saud

Effect of a musical intervention on tolerance and efficacy of non-invasive ventilation in the ICU: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial (MUSique pour l’Insuffisance Respiratoire Aigue - Mus-IRA)

Background Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) tolerance is a key factor of NIV success. Hence, numerous sedative pharmacological or non-pharmacological strategies have been assessed to improve NIV tolerance. Music therapy in various health care settings has shown beneficial effects. In invasively ventilated critical care patients, encouraging results of music therapy on physiological...

Automatic versus manual changeovers of norepinephrine infusion pumps in critically ill adults: a prospective controlled study

Background Norepinephrine is a key drug for treating shock but has a short half-life that requires continuous intravenous administration to maintain the constant plasma concentration needed to obtain a stable blood pressure. The small volume of the syringes used in power infusion pumps requires frequent changeovers, which can lead to norepinephrine flow interruptions responsible...

Influence of ICU-bed availability on ICU admission decisions

Isabelle Runge 6 Vincent Souday 7 Arnaud Desachy 1 Jean‑Paul Gouello 5 Michel Hira 4 Mouldi Hamrouni 9 Jean Reignier 8 0 Réanimation Médicale, Université de Poitiers, CHU Poitiers, Inserm Unit CIC 1402

Prospective assessment of a score for assessing basic critical-care transthoracic echocardiography skills in ventilated critically ill patients

Background We studied a score for assessing basic transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) skills exhibited by residents who examined critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Methods We conducted a prospective study in the 16 residents who worked in our medical-surgical ICU between 1 May 2008 and 1 November 2009. The residents received theoretical teaching (two hours...

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen during endotracheal intubation in hypoxemic patients: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Egreteau, Jean Reignier, Gwenae¨l Prat, Noe¨lle Brule, French Clinical Hospital Research Program grant (PHRCi 2012– Daniel Villers, Cedric Bretonniere, Christophe Guitton. Pr Asfar API12/N/077) in addition

Therapeutic hypothermia after nonshockable cardiac arrest: the HYPERION multicenter, randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded, superiority trial

Background Meta-analyses of nonrandomized studies have provided conflicting data on therapeutic hypothermia, or targeted temperature management (TTM), at 33°C in patients successfully resuscitated after nonshockable cardiac arrest. Nevertheless, the latest recommendations issued by the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation and by the European Resuscitation Council...

How caregivers view patient comfort and what they do to improve it: a French survey

Background Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are exposed to many sources of discomfort. Most of these are related to the patient’s condition, but ICU design or how care is organized also can contribute. The present survey was designed to describe the opinions of ICU caregivers on sources of patient discomfort and to determine how they were dealt with in practice. The...

Interest of a simple on-line screening registry for measuring ICU burden related to an influenza pandemic

Jean-Christophe Marie Richard Ti Pham 0 Christian Brun-Buisson 0 Jean Reignier Alain Mercat Gatan Beduneau Bernard Rgnier Bruno Mourvillier Christophe Guitton Matthias Castanier Alain Combes Yves Le

Bedside adherence to clinical practice guidelines for enteral nutrition in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation: a prospective, multi-centre, observational study

Introduction The primary aim was to measure the amount of nutrients required, prescribed and actually administered in critically ill patients. Secondary aims were to assess adherence to clinical practice guidelines, and investigate factors leading to non-adherence. Methods Observational, multicenter, prospective study, including 203 patients in a total of 19 intensive care units...

Impact of early enteral versus parenteral nutrition on mortality in patients requiring mechanical ventilation and catecholamines: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial (NUTRIREA-2)

Background Nutritional support is crucial to the management of patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and the most commonly prescribed treatment in intensive care units (ICUs). International guidelines consistently indicate that enteral nutrition (EN) should be preferred over parenteral nutrition (PN) whenever possible and started as early as possible. However...