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18 papers found.
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Colorful Twisted Top Partners and Partnerium at the LHC

In scenarios that stabilize the electroweak scale, the top quark is typically accompanied by partner particles. In this work, we demonstrate how extended stabilizing symmetries can yield scalar or fermionic top partners that transform as ordinary color triplets but carry exotic electric charges. We refer to these scenarios as “hypertwisted” since they involve modifications to ...

Generalized fragmentation functions for fractal jet observables

We introduce a broad class of fractal jet observables that recursively probe the collective properties of hadrons produced in jet fragmentation. To describe these collinear-unsafe observables, we generalize the formalism of fragmentation functions, which are important objects in QCD for calculating cross sections involving identified final-state hadrons. Fragmentation functions are ...

Systematics of quark/gluon tagging

By measuring the substructure of a jet, one can assign it a “quark” or “gluon” tag. In the eikonal (double-logarithmic) limit, quark/gluon discrimination is determined solely by the color factor of the initiating parton (C F versus C A ). In this paper, we confront the challenges faced when going beyond this leading-order understanding, using both parton-shower generators and ...

New angles on energy correlation functions

Jet substructure observables, designed to identify specific features within jets, play an essential role at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), both for searching for signals beyond the Standard Model and for testing QCD in extreme phase space regions. In this paper, we systematically study the structure of infrared and collinear safe substructure observables, defining a ...

Resolving boosted jets with XCone

We show how the recently proposed XCone jet algorithm [1] smoothly interpolates between resolved and boosted kinematics. When using standard jet algorithms to reconstruct the decays of hadronic resonances like top quarks and Higgs bosons, one typically needs separate analysis strategies to handle the resolved regime of well-separated jets and the boosted regime of fat jets with ...

The goldstone and goldstino of supersymmetric inflation

We construct the minimal effective field theory (EFT) of supersymmetric inflation, whose field content is a real scalar, the goldstone for time-translation breaking, and a Weyl fermion, the goldstino for supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking. The inflating background can be viewed as a single SUSY-breaking sector, and the degrees of freedom can be efficiently parameterized using ...

The first calculation of fractional jets

In collider physics, jet algorithms are a ubiquitous tool for clustering particles into discrete jet objects. Event shapes offer an alternative way to characterize jets, and one can define a jet multiplicity event shape, which can take on fractional values, using the framework of “jets without jets”. In this paper, we perform the first analytic studies of fractional jet ...

XCone: N-jettiness as an exclusive cone jet algorithm

We introduce a new jet algorithm called XCone, for eXclusive Cone, which is based on minimizing the event shape N -jettiness. Because N -jettiness partitions every event into N jet regions and a beam region, XCone is an exclusive jet algorithm that always returns a fixed number of jets. We use a new “conical geometric” measure for which well-separated jets are bounded by circles of ...

Jet shapes with the broadening axis

Andrew J. Larkoski 0 Duff Neill 0 Jesse Thaler 0 0 Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology , 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, U.S.A Broadening is a

Jet observables without jet algorithms

Daniele Bertolini 0 Tucker Chan 0 Jesse Thaler 0 0 Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge, MA 02139, U.S.A We introduce a new class of event shapes to

Gaining (mutual) information about quark/gluon discrimination

Discriminating quark jets from gluon jets is an important but challenging problem in jet substructure. In this paper, we use the concept of mutual information to illuminate the physics of quark/gluon tagging. Ideal quark/gluon separation requires only one bit of truth information, so even if two discriminant variables are largely uncorrelated, they can still share the same “truth ...

Soft drop

We introduce a new jet substructure technique called “soft drop declustering”, which recursively removes soft wide-angle radiation from a jet. The soft drop algorithm depends on two parameters — a soft threshold z cut and an angular exponent β — with the β = 0 limit corresponding roughly to the (modified) mass drop procedure. To gain an analytic understanding of soft drop and ...

Energy correlation functions for jet substructure

We show how generalized energy correlation functions can be used as a powerful probe of jet substructure. These correlation functions are based on the energies and pair-wise angles of particles within a jet, with (N + 1)-point correlators sensitive to N-prong substructure. Unlike many previous jet substructure methods, these correlation functions do not require the explicit ...

The bestest little Higgs

While little Higgs models provide an interesting way to address the hierarchy problem, concrete models in the literature typically face two major obstacles. First, the mechanism for generating a Higgs quartic coupling often leads to large violations of custodial symmetry. Second, there is a tension between precision electroweak observables in the gauge sector and fine-tuning in the ...

Goldstini

Supersymmetric phenomenology has been largely bound to the hypothesis that supersymmetry breaking originates from a single source. In this paper, we relax this underlying assumption and consider a multiplicity of sectors which independently break supersymmetry, thus yielding a corresponding multiplicity of goldstini. While one linear combination of goldstini is eaten via the ...

Jet trimming

Initial state radiation, multiple interactions, and event pileup can contaminate jets and degrade event reconstruction. Here we introduce a procedure, jet trimming, designed to mitigate these sources of contamination in jets initiated by light partons. This procedure is complimentary to existing methods developed for boosted heavy particles. We find that jet trimming can achieve ...

Dark force detection in low energy e-p collisions

We study the prospects for detecting a light boson X with mass m X ≾ 100 MeV at a low energy electron-proton collider. We focus on the case where X dominantly decays to e + e − as motivated by recent “dark force” models. In order to evade direct and indirect constraints, X must have small couplings to the standard model (α X ≾ 10−8) and a sufficiently large mass (m X ≳ 10 MeV). By ...

A definitive signal of multiple supersymmetry breaking

If the lightest observable-sector supersymmetric particle (LOSP) is charged and long-lived, then it may be possible to indirectly measure the Planck mass at the LHC and provide a spectacular confirmation of supergravity as a symmetry of nature. Unfortunately, this proposal is only feasible if the gravitino is heavy enough to be measured at colliders, and this condition is in direct ...