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417 papers found.
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Is gout a risk equivalent to diabetes for stroke and myocardial infarction? A retrospective claims database study

Gout is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but associations with specific cardiovascular outcomes, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke are unclear. Our objective in the present study was to assess whether gout is as strong a risk factor as diabetes mellitus (DM) for incident MI and incident stroke. In this retrospective study, we used U.S. claims data from 2007 to 2010 ...

Study of color-octet matrix elements through \(J/\psi \) production in \(e^{+}e^{-}\) annihilation

In this paper, the color-octet long distance matrix elements are studied through the inclusive \(J/\psi \) production in \(e^{+}e^{-}\) annihilation within the framework of non-relativistic QCD factorization. The calculations are up-to next-to-leading order with the radiative and relativistic corrections in the energy region of the B-factory and the near-threshold region of ...

The pH stability of foot-and-mouth disease virus

to thank Zaixin Liu, Jie Zhang, and Pinghua Li for helpful discussions, continued advice and inspiration. We are also grateful to the state key laboratory veterinary etiological biology where we study

The pH stability of foot-and-mouth disease virus

to thank Zaixin Liu, Jie Zhang, and Pinghua Li for helpful discussions, continued advice and inspiration. We are also grateful to the state key laboratory veterinary etiological biology where we study

China’s engagement with development assistance for health in Africa

Background As an emerging donor in health related development across the world, particularly towards Africa, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has been increasing its influence within the field of global public health over the past few decades. Yet between the period of 2000 and 2013, little is known about the scope, scale and priority of China’s grant-making programs. Methods ...

Facility location with double-peaked preferences

sufficiently close for the school to be easily accessible by the Aris Filos-Ratsikas and Jie Zhang were supported by the ERC Advanced Grant 321171 (ALGAME) and the Sino-Danish Center for the Theory of

On the Mechanism of ZDDP Antiwear Film Formation

Zinc dialkyldithiophosphate additives are used to control wear and inhibit oxidation in almost all engine oils as well as many other types of lubricant. They limit wear primarily by forming a thick, protective, phosphate glass-based tribofilm on rubbing surfaces. This film formation can occur at low temperatures and is relatively indifferent to the chemical nature of the substrate. ...

Effect of Base Oil Structure on Elastohydrodynamic Friction

The EHD friction properties of a wide range of base fluids have been measured and compared in mixed sliding–rolling conditions at three temperatures and two pressures. The use of tungsten carbide ball and disc specimens enabled high mean contact pressures of 1.5 and 2.0 GPa to be obtained, comparable to those present in many rolling bearings. The measurements confirm the importance ...

Modelling of a post-combustion CO2 capture process using extreme learning machine

% reduction of CO2 emission by 2050 comparing with the & Jie Zhang level in 1950 is set by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been widely believed as an

Structure of unliganded membrane-proximal domains FN4-FN5-FN6 of DCC

medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Lorenzo I. Finci, Jie Zhang, and

Abscisic acid pathway involved in the regulation of watermelon fruit ripening and quality trait evolution

Contributions Conceptualization: Yanping Wang. Data curation: Yanping Wang, Shaogui Guo, Honghe Sun. Formal analysis: Yanping Wang. Funding acquisition: Shaogui Guo, Jie Zhang, Yi Ren, Yong Xu. Investigation ... : Yanping Wang, Shouwei Tian, Jie Zhang. Methodology: Yanping Wang, Yi Ren. Project administration: Haiying Zhang, Yong Xu. Resources: Guoyi Gong. Software: Shaogui Guo, Honghe Sun. Supervision: Yanping

Heuristic Strategies for Persuader Selection in Contagions on Complex Networks

Individual decision to accept a new idea or product is often driven by both self-adoption and others’ persuasion, which has been simulated using a double threshold model [Huang et al., Scientific Reports 6, 23766 (2016)]. We extend the study to consider the case with limited persuasion. That is, a set of individuals is chosen from the population to be equipped with persuasion ...

SDF-1/CXCR7 axis regulates the proliferation, invasion, adhesion, and angiogenesis of gastric cancer cells

Background More recent studies have revealed that chemokine receptor CXCR7 plays an important role in cancer development. However, little is known about the effect of CXCR7 on the process of gastric cancer cell invasion and angiogenesis. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of CXCR7 in gastric cancer cell lines and to evaluate the role of CXCR7 in the ...

Total arsenic and speciation analysis of saliva and urine samples from individuals living in a chronic arsenicosis area in China

Background It is generally acknowledged that the determination of harmful chemical compounds excreted into saliva is useful for assessing their exposure levels. The aim of the present study was to compare the total arsenic and its species in saliva and urine samples collected from the people residing in an arsenic-contaminated area of China and to further verify the feasibility of ...

Thermally stable polymer–ceramic composites for microwave antenna applications

Polymer–ceramic composites were prepared by twin screw melt extrusion with high-density polyethylene (HDPE) as the matrix and polystyrene-coated BaO–Nd2O3–TiO2 (BNT) ceramics as the filling material. Interestingly, the incorporation of polystyrene (PS) by the coating route could significantly improve the thermal behaviors of the composites (HDPE–PS/BNT), besides the temperature ...

Integrative analysis of somatic mutations and transcriptomic data to functionally stratify breast cancer patients

Background Somatic mutations can be used as potential biomarkers for subtyping and predicting outcomes for cancer patients. However, cancer patients often carry many somatic mutations, which do not always concentrate on specific genomic loci, suggesting that the mutations may affect common pathways or gene interaction networks instead of common genes. The challenge is thus to ...

MoS2 with tunable surface structure directed by thiophene adsorption toward HDS and HER

MoS2 catalysts with more active sites and larger surface areas were successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal reaction method, and the surface structure of MoS2 was readily tailored by simply adding thiophene during the synthesis procedure. The MoS2 samples synthesized with thiophene, especially MoS2 prepared with 200 μL of thiophene, concomitantly exhibited better ...

miR-24-3p Suppresses Malignant Behavior of Lacrimal Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma by Targeting PRKCH to Regulate p53/p21 Pathway

MicroRNA (miRNA) may function as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor in tumorigenesis. However, the mechanism of miRNAs in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is unclear. Here, we provide evidence that miR-24-3p was downreglated and functions as a tumor suppressor in human lacrimal adenoid cystic carcinoma by suppressing proliferation and migration/invasion while promoting apoptosis. ...