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The Coupling Effects of Surface Plasmon Polaritons and Magnetic Dipole Resonances in Metamaterials

We numerically investigate the coupling effects of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and magnetic dipole (MD) resonances in metamaterials, which are composed of an Ag nanodisk array and a SiO2 spacer on an Ag substrate. The periodicity of the Ag nanodisk array leads to the excitation of SPPs at the surface of the Ag substrate. The near-field plasmon interactions between individual ...

Preparation and Enhanced Catalytic Hydrogenation Activity of Sb/Palygorskite (PAL) Nanoparticles

A Sb/palygorskite (PAL) composite was synthesized by a facile solvothermal process and applied in catalytic hydrogenation of p-nitrophenol for the first time. It was found that the Sb nanoparticles with the sizes of 2–5 nm were well dispersed on the fiber of PAL, while partial aggregated Sb nanoparticles with sizes smaller than 200 nm were also loaded on the PAL. The Sb/PAL ...

Novel derivative of Paeonol, Paeononlsilatie sodium, alleviates behavioral damage and hippocampal dendritic injury in Alzheimer's disease concurrent with cofilin1/phosphorylated-cofilin1 and RAC1/CDC42 alterations in rats

Conceptualization: Fei Han, Ya-Ping Lu. Data curation: Fei Han, Ting-Ting Zhuang, Jing-Jing Chen, Xiu-Ling Zhu. Formal analysis: Fei Han. Methodology: Fei Han, Ting-Ting Zhuang. Project administration: Fei Han

Upregulation of DARS2 by HBV promotes hepatocarcinogenesis through the miR-30e-5p/MAPK/NFAT5 pathway

Infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) is closely associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The osmoregulatory transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T-cells 5 (NFAT5) has been shown to play an important role in the development of many types of human cancers. The role of NFAT5 in HBV-associated HCC has never previously been investigated. We ...

TAGLN2 is a candidate prognostic biomarker promoting tumorigenesis in human gliomas

Transgelin-2 (TAGLN2) is a member of the calponin family of actin-bundling proteins that is involved in the regulation of cell morphology, motility, and cell transformation. Here, the clinical significance and potential function of TAGLN2 in malignant gliomas were investigated. Molecular and clinical data was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Gene ontology and ...

Effects of Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Comparison of BMI > 30 and < 30 kg/m2

Background Recently, many studies focused on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with body mass index (BMI) 30 kg/m2. Methodology Seventy patients with uncontrolled T2DM underwent laparoscopic RYGB from May 2010 to December 2015 in the GI Department of Daping Hospital. Weight, BMI, waist circumference, glucose, and lipid metabolic parameters were collected and evaluated at ...

Systematic engineering of pentose phosphate pathway improves Escherichia coli succinate production

Background Succinate biosynthesis of Escherichia coli is reducing equivalent-dependent and the EMP pathway serves as the primary reducing equivalent source under anaerobic condition. Compared with EMP, pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) is reducing equivalent-conserving but suffers from low efficacy. In this study, the ribosome binding site library and modified multivariate modular ...

Engineering the Complex-Valued Constitutive Parameters of Metamaterials for Perfect Absorption

We theoretically studied how to directly engineer the constitutive parameters of metamaterials for perfect absorbers of electromagnetic waves. As an example, we numerically investigated the necessary refractive index n and extinction coefficient k and the relative permittivity ε and permeability μ of a metamaterial anti-reflection layer, which could cancel the reflection from a ...

Circulating C1q complement/TNF-related protein (CTRP) 1, CTRP9, CTRP12 and CTRP13 concentrations in Type 2 diabetes mellitus: In vivo regulation by glucose

Objectives The C1q complement/TNF-related protein (CTRP) superfamily, which includes the adipokine adiponectin, has been shown in animal models to have positive metabolic and cardiovascular effects. We sought to investigate circulating CTRP1, CTRP9, CTRP12 and CTRP13 concentrations in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with age and BMI matched controls, and to examine ...

The local well-posedness and stability to a nonlinear generalized Degasperis-Procesi equation

A nonlinear generalized Degasperis-Procesi equation is investigated. The local well-posedness of a strong solution for the equation in the Sobolev space H s ( R ) with s > 3 2 is established. The L 1 ( R ) stability is obtained under certain assumptions on the initial data. MSC: 35G25, 35L05.

Vitamin D status among the elderly Chinese population: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2010–2013 China national nutrition and health survey (CNNHS)

Background Vitamin D inadequacy is common among the elderly, especially within the Asian population. The vitamin D status among healthy adults in the elderly Chinese population was evaluated. Methods A total of 6014 healthy adults aged 60 years or older (2948 men, 3066 women) participated in this descriptive cross-sectional analysis. Possible predictors of vitamin D inadequacy were ...

Dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota and decrease in paneth cell antimicrobial peptide level during acute necrotizing pancreatitis in rats

Objectives Intestinal barrier dysfunction plays an important role in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and intestinal microbiota dysbiosis was involved in intestinal barrier failure. Paneth cells protect intestinal barrier and are associated with intestinal microbiota. Here, we investigated changes in intestinal microbiota and antimicrobial peptides of Paneth cells in ileum ...

Modeling autosomal dominant optic atrophy using induced pluripotent stem cells and identifying potential therapeutic targets

Background Many retinal degenerative diseases are caused by the loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Autosomal dominant optic atrophy is the most common hereditary optic atrophy disease and is characterized by central vision loss and degeneration of RGCs. Currently, there is no effective treatment for this group of diseases. However, stem cell therapy holds great potential for ...

Complete nucleotide sequence of strawberry vein banding virus Chinese isolate and infectivity of its full-length DNA clone

Hu Jing Chen Dengpan Zuo Tong Jiang 0 Equal contributors School of Plant Protection, Anhui Agricultural University , Hefei 230036 , People's Republic of China Background: Strawberry vein banding

Incidence and risk factors of axial symptoms after cervical disc arthroplasty: a minimum 5-year follow-up study

Background The purpose of this study was to investigate whether uncovertebral joint ossification was a risk factor for axial symptoms (AS) after cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA). Methods This retrospective study included 52 consecutive patients who underwent CDA for single-level cervical disc disease. To examine possible risk factors for AS after CDA, univariate and multivariate ...

Erratum to: Estimating urban water demand under conditions of rapid growth: the case of Shanghai

9 109 m3 a-1 in 1978 to 4.10 9 109 m3 a-1 in 2013 (Fig. 1b). On page 6 the numbers on the y axis of Fig. 5 should be reduced by a factor of 10. Jing Chen Fig. 5 Projections of annual water demand

Prognostic factors and outcome of patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation who are admitted to pediatric intensive care unit

Background There are many studies about the prognosis and possible predictive factors of mortality for pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients requiring pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) treatment, but the related study in China is lacking. This study investigates the data of these special patients in our center. Methods This retrospective ...

Grain Filling Characteristics and Their Relations with Endogenous Hormones in Large- and Small-Grain Mutants of Rice

This study determined if the variation in grain filling parameters between two different spikelet types of rice (Oryza sativa L.) is regulated by the hormonal levels in the grains. Two rice mutants, namely, a large-grain mutant (AZU-M) and a small-grain mutant (ZF802-M), and their respective wild types (AZU-WT and ZF802-WT) were grown in the field. The endosperm cell division rate, ...

Transcriptome analysis of woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca) response to the infection by Strawberry vein banding virus (SVBV)

the CDS sequences of Nipponbare (Os-Nipponbare-Reference-IRGSP-1.0) (http://rapdb.dna.affrc.go.jp/download/irgsp1.html). Authors’ contributions Tong Jiang and Jing Chen conceived and designed the study ... and wrote the paper. Jing Chen, Hanping Zhang and Mingfeng Feng performed the experiments and data analysis. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Competing interests The authors declare