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Adolescent religious attendance and spirituality—Are they associated with leisure-time choices?

Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) under Contracts No. LG14042 and No. LG 14043. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Klara Malinakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P. van Dijk, Peter Tavel. Data ... curation: Michal Kalman. Formal analysis: Klara Malinakova, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Sijmen A. Reijneveld. Funding acquisition: Michal Kalman. Methodology: Jitse P. van Dijk, Peter Tavel. 11 / 14 Project

Participation in organized leisure-time activities and risk behaviors in Czech adolescents

Objectives The study aimed to assess the associations between participation in organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) and risk behaviors, and whether the associations differed by gender, age, and pattern of OLTA involvement. Methods Data from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study on 10,279 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old Czech adolescents (49.2% boys) were used...

Is Participation in Organized Leisure-Time Activities Associated with School Performance in Adolescence?

Background Organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) have been identified as a context suitable for improvement of school performance. This study aimed to assess the associations between participation in OLTA and school engagement, school-related stress, academic achievement and whether these associations differ by specific pattern of OLTA participation, gender and age...

The Spiritual Well-Being Scale: Psychometric Evaluation of the Shortened Version in Czech Adolescents

The aim of this study was to psychometrically evaluate the shortened version of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) in Czech adolescents. A nationally representative sample of 4217 adolescents participated in the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. The internal consistency of the SWBS was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha (α) and Mean Inter-Item Correlation...

How parents can affect excessive spending of time on screen-based activities

Background The aim of this study is to explore the association between family-related factors and excessive time spent on screen-based activities among school-aged children. Methods A cross-sectional survey using the methodology of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study was performed in 2013, with data collected from Slovak (n = 258) and Czech (n = 406) 11- and 15...

Social and health policies or interventions to tackle health inequalities in European cities: a scoping review

Mariona Pons-Vigus lia Diez Joana Morrison Sergio Salas-Nics Rasmus Hoffmann Bo Burstrom Jitse P van Dijk Carme Borrell Background: Health inequalities can be tackled with appropriate health and

Socioeconomic gradient shifts in health-related behaviour among Slovak adolescents between 1998 and 2006

Objectives We aimed to assess the development of the socioeconomic gradient in health-related behaviour (HRB) among Slovak adolescents between 1998 and 2006. Methods Data were collected in 1998 (n = 2,616; 14.9 ± 0.6 years) and in 2006 (n = 1,081; 14.3 ± 0.6 years). ORs of socioeconomic differences—as measured by parental education—were calculated for each cohort in smoking...

Selected sociodemographic factors and related differences in patterns of alcohol use among university students in Slovakia

van Dijk 0 Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine , Bremen , Germany Background: Alcohol use and misuse and their relation to sociodemograhic

Regional socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity as predictors of regional infant mortality rate in Slovakia

Objective Exploring the associations of regional differences in infant mortality with selected socioeconomic indicators and ethnicity could offer important clues for designing public health policy measures. Methods Data included perinatal and infant mortality in the 79 districts of the Slovak population in 2004. Linear regression was used to analyse the contribution of education...

Does social support mediate or moderate socioeconomic differences in self-rated health among adolescents?

Objective Social support is assumed to be a protective social determinant of health. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore whether social support from the father, mother and friends mediates or moderates the association between socioeconomic position and self-rated health among adolescents. Methods The sample consisted of 1,863 secondary school students from the...

Factors associated with educational aspirations among adolescents: cues to counteract socioeconomic differences?

Background Our study aims to follow this effort and to explore the association between health, socioeconomic background, school-related factors, social support and adolescents' sense of coherence and educational aspirations among adolescents from different educational tracks and to contribute to the existing body of knowledge on the role of educational aspirations in the social...

The impact of the intensity of fear on patient’s delay regarding health care seeking behavior: a systematic review

Objectives This systematic review focuses on the role of the intensity of fear in patient’s delay in cancer and in myocardial infarction. Methods In a search of literature published between 1990 and June 2009, 161 articles were found. After the use of inclusion and exclusion criteria, 11 articles in cancer and 4 articles in myocardial infarction remained. Results High levels of...

Psychological and behavioural factors associated with sexual risk behaviour among Slovak students

Background Knowledge about the prevalence of sexual risk behaviour (SRB) in adolescence is needed to prevent unwanted health consequences. Studies on SRB among adolescents in Central Europe are rare and mostly rely on a single indicator for SRB. This study aims to assess the association of behavioural and psychological factors with three types of SRB in adolescents in Central...

Social inequalities in changes in health-related behaviour among Slovak adolescents aged between 15 and 19: A longitudinal study

Background Lower socioeconomic position is generally associated with higher rates of smoking and alcohol consumption and lower levels of physical activity. Health-related behaviour is usually established during late childhood and adolescence. The aim of this study is to explore changes in health-related behaviour in a cohort of adolescents aged between 15 and 19, overall and by...

Influence of parental employment status on Dutch and Slovak adolescents' health

Background Recent research shows the possibility that the link between parental employment status and children's health can be affected by different cultural or societal settings. The aim of this study was to explore whether the effect of father's and mother's employment status on several aspects of adolescents' health differs between Slovakia and the Netherlands. Methods Two...

Do dialysis- and transplantation-related medical factors affect perceived health status?

Background. Quality of life and perceived health status (PHS) are important indicators of patient care together with morbidity, mortality and health-care resource utilization. The aim of this study is to explore how various medical conditions might influence perceived health status. Methods. The study sample consisted of 128 kidney transplant recipients. PHS was measured using...

Transplantation - clinical studies II

Introduction and Aims: Renal allograft recipients with thrombophilia are at higher risk for early allograft loss, microvascular occlusion and acute rejection with major consequences for allograft survival. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of prothrombotic risk factors in patients awaiting renal transplantation and its contribution to patient and...