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Search: authors:"John Rathbone"

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Expediting citation screening using PICo-based title-only screening for identifying studies in scoping searches and rapid reviews

Citation screening for scoping searches and rapid review is time-consuming and inefficient, often requiring days or sometimes months to complete. We examined the reliability of PICo-based title-only screening using keyword searches based on the PICo elements—Participants, Interventions, and Comparators, but not the Outcomes. A convenience sample of 10 datasets, derived from the...

A comparison of the performance of seven key bibliographic databases in identifying all relevant systematic reviews of interventions for hypertension

Background Bibliographic databases are the primary resource for identifying systematic reviews of health care interventions. Reliable retrieval of systematic reviews depends on the scope of indexing used by database providers. Therefore, searching one database may be insufficient, but it is unclear how many need to be searched. We sought to evaluate the performance of seven major...

Faster title and abstract screening? Evaluating Abstrackr, a semi-automated online screening program for systematic reviewers

Background Citation screening is time consuming and inefficient. We sought to evaluate the performance of Abstrackr, a semi-automated online tool for predictive title and abstract screening. Methods Four systematic reviews (aHUS, dietary fibre, ECHO, rituximab) were used to evaluate Abstrackr. Citations from electronic searches of biomedical databases were imported into Abstrackr...

Better duplicate detection for systematic reviewers: evaluation of Systematic Review Assistant-Deduplication Module

Background A major problem arising from searching across bibliographic databases is the retrieval of duplicate citations. Removing such duplicates is an essential task to ensure systematic reviewers do not waste time screening the same citation multiple times. Although reference management software use algorithms to remove duplicate records, this is only partially successful and...

Chlorpromazine for schizophrenia: a Cochrane systematic review of 50 years of randomised controlled trials

Background Chlorpromazine (CPZ) remains one of the most common drugs used for people with schizophrenia worldwide, and a benchmark against which other treatments can be evaluated. Quantitative reviews are rare; this one evaluates the effects of chlorpromazine in the treatment of schizophrenia in comparison with placebo. Methods We sought all relevant randomised controlled trials...