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180 papers found.
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Cloning and characterization of the Cerasus humilis sucrose phosphate synthase gene (ChSPS1)

. Investigation: Pengfei Wang. Writing ± original draft: Juan Wang. 11 / 14 Writing ± review & editing: Juan Wang, Junjie Du, Xiaopeng Mu. 12 / 14 25. Wang PF, Cao Q, He YB, Du JJ. Composition and dynamic changes

Effect of double-fibre reinforcement on localized bulging of an inflated cylindrical tube of arbitrary thickness

We consider localized bulging of an inflated cylindrical hyperelastic tube of arbitrary thickness that is helically reinforced by two families of fibres. It is shown that localized bulging may become impossible, irrespective of the end conditions, when the tube wall becomes thick enough. This is in sharp contrast with an isotropic hyperelastic tube without fibre reinforcement for ...

A Survey of Methods for Constructing Rooted Phylogenetic Networks

Rooted phylogenetic networks are primarily used to represent conflicting evolutionary information and describe the reticulate evolutionary events in phylogeny. So far a lot of methods have been presented for constructing rooted phylogenetic networks, of which the methods based on the decomposition property of networks and by means of the incompatible graph (such as the CASS, the ...

High glucose augments angiotensinogen in human renal proximal tubular cells through hepatocyte nuclear factor-5

, Akira Nishiyama. Data curation: Juan Wang, Ya Liu, Hideki Kobara. Formal analysis: Juan Wang, Ya Liu, Akira Nishiyama. Funding acquisition: Tsutomu Masaki, Akira Nishiyama. Investigation: Juan Wang ... , Ya Liu, Hideki Kobara, Tsutomu Masaki, Akira Nishiyama. Methodology: Juan Wang, Yuki Shibayama, Ya Liu, Hideki Kobara, Tsutomu Masaki, Akira Nishiyama. Project administration: Akira Nishiyama

SBS symptoms in relation to dampness and ventilation in inspected single-family houses in Sweden

Purpose To investigate the relationships between symptoms compatible with the sick building syndrome (SBS) in adults and building dampness and ventilation in single-family houses. Methods Within the Swedish BETSI study, a national sample of single-family houses were inspected by professional building experts, and adults living in the houses answered a questionnaire on SBS. ...

Fabrication of Yolk-Shell Cu@C Nanocomposites as High-Performance Catalysts in Oxidative Carbonylation of Methanol to Dimethyl Carbonate

A facile way was developed to fabricate yolk-shell composites with tunable Cu cores encapsulated within hollow carbon spheres (Cu@C) with an average diameter about 210 nm and cavity size about 80 nm. During pyrolysis, the confined nanospace of hollow cavity ensures that the nucleation-and-growth process of Cu nanocrystals take place exclusively inside the cavities. The size of Cu ...

Effects of nanosilver and nanozinc incorporated mesoporous calcium-silicate nanoparticles on the mechanical properties of dentin

Methodology: Jie Zhu, Ruizhen Liang, Lizhe Xie, Juan Wang, Diya Leng, Daming Wu. Project administration: Daming Wu, Weihong Liu. Software: Lizhe Xie. Supervision: Weihong Liu. Writing ± original draft: Jie

Role of post-chemotherapy radiation in the management of children and adolescents with primary advanced malignant mediastinal germ cell tumors

. Project administration: Junting Huang, Xiaofei Sun. Resources: Suying Lu, Feifei Sun, Jia Zhu, Juan Wang, Ru Liao, Xiaofei Sun. 10 / 12 Software: Junting Huang, Yuting Tan, Zijun Zhen, Feifei Sun

Antidiabetic activities of polysaccharides separated from Inonotus obliquus via the modulation of oxidative stress in mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes

This study evaluated the effects of Inonotus obliquus polysaccharides (IOs) on diabetes and other underlying mechanisms related to inflammatory factors and oxidative stress in a mouse model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Four weeks administration of metformin (120 mg/kg) and IO1-4 (50%-80% alcohol precipitation), or IO5 (total 80% alcohol precipitation) at doses of 50 ...

Red blood cell distribution width and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with metabolic syndrome

Background To evaluate the relationship between red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients. Methods In this study, we analyzed 803 patients with MetS who underwent carotid ultrasonography examination at Henan Province Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from October 2014 to September 2015. Demographic ...

The analysis of viability for mammalian cells treated at different temperatures and its application in cell shipment

Mammalian cells are very important experimental materials and widely used in biological and medical research fields. It is often required that mammalian cells are transported from one laboratory to another to meet with various researches. Conventional methods for cell shipment are laborious and costive despite of maintaining high viability. In this study we aimed to develop a ...

Coevolution between Stop Codon Usage and Release Factors in Bacterial Species

Three stop codons in bacteria represent different translation termination signals, and their usage is expected to depend on their differences in translation termination efficiency, mutation bias, and relative abundance of release factors (RF1 decoding UAA and UAG, and RF2 decoding UAA and UGA). In 14 bacterial species (covering Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Cyanobacteria, ...

Utility Evaluation Based on One-To-N Mapping in the Prisoner’s Dilemma Game for Interdependent Networks

In the field of evolutionary game theory, network reciprocity has become an important means to promote the level of promotion within the population system. Recently, the interdependency provides a novel perspective to understand the widespread cooperation behavior in many real-world systems. In previous works, interdependency is often built from the direct or indirect connections ...

Radiological characteristics of pulmonary cryptococcosis in HIV-infected patients

Background Current understanding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated pulmonary cryptococcosis (PC) is largely based on studies performed about 2 decades ago which reported that the most common findings on chest radiograph were diffuse interstitial infiltrates. Few studies are available regarding the computed tomography (CT) findings. The aim of this study was to ...

Overexpression of programmed cell death 5 in a mouse model of ovalbumin-induced allergic asthma

Background Programmed cell death 5 (PDCD5) was first identified as an apoptosis-promoting protein and involved in some autoimmune diseases and inflammatory processes. Our previous study demonstrated greater expression of serum PDCD5 in asthmatic patients than controls. This study aimed to further explore the significance of PDCD5 in mice with induced allergic asthma. Methods We ...

Transcriptomic response of wolf spider, Pardosa pseudoannulata, to transgenic rice expressing Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1Ab protein

Background Bacillum thuringiensis (Bt) toxin produced in Cry1-expressing genetically modified rice (Bt rice) is highly effective to control lepidopteran pests, which reduces the needs for synthetic insecticides. Non-target organisms can be exposed to Bt toxins through direct feeding or trophic interactions in the field. The wolf spider Pardosa pseudoannulata, one of the dominant ...

KRAS mutation-induced upregulation of PD-L1 mediates immune escape in human lung adenocarcinoma

It was reported that PD-L1 expression was correlated with genetic alterations. Whether PD-L1 was regulated by mutant Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the underlying molecular mechanism were largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the correlation between PD-L1 expression and KRAS mutation and the functional ...

Medial collateral ligament reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone allograft for chronic medial knee instability combined with multi-ligament injuries: a new technique

Background The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is the main static stabilizer of the medial knee. The surgical treatment was recommended in cases with serious medial collateral ligament insufficiency combined with multi-ligament injuries and chronic symptomatic medial instability. Several surgical techniques have been described for the MCL reconstruction, while potential problems ...

A new model mimicking persistent HBV e antigen-negative infection using covalently closed circular DNA in immunocompetent mice

Despite the availability of an effective vaccine, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major health problem. HBV e antigen (HBeAg)-negative strains have become prevalent. Previously, no animal model mimicked the clinical course of HBeAg-negative HBV infection. To establish an HBeAg-negative HBV infection model, the 3.2-kb full-length genome of HBeAg-negative HBV was cloned ...