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Medical expenditure and unmet need of the pre-elderly and the elderly according to job status in Korea: Are the elderly indeed most vulnerable?

those who are unemployed. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Hwa-Young Lee, Juhwan Oh. Formal analysis: Hwa-Young Lee. Methodology: Hwa-Young Lee, Naoki Kondo, Juhwan Oh. Supervision: Juhwan Oh ... . Writing ± original draft: Hwa-Young Lee. Writing ± review & editing: Naoki Kondo, Juhwan Oh. 11 / 12 1. Administration SS. Social Security Bulletin: Annual Statistical Supplement: US Government Printing

Marital status, widowhood duration, gender and health outcomes: a cross-sectional study among older adults in India

Background Previous research has demonstrated health benefits of marriage and the potential for worse outcomes during widowhood in some populations. However, few studies have assessed the relevance of widowhood and widowhood duration to a variety of health-related outcomes and chronic diseases among older adults in India, and even fewer have examined these relationships stratified ...

Household and School-Level Influences on Smoking Behavior among Korean Adolescents: A Multilevel Analysis

Background Trends in adolescent smoking rates in South Korea have not shown substantial progress due to a lack of effective anti-smoking interventions and policies in school settings. Methods and Findings We examined individual- and school-level determinants of adolescent smoking behavior (ever smoking, current smoking, and daily smoking) using the nationally representative fifth ...

The Effects of Employment Conditions on Smoking Status and Smoking Intensity: The Analysis of Korean Labor & Income Panel 8th–10th Wave

Background The neoliberal policies and its socioeconomic consequences in Korea have made employment conditions insecure and affected employees' health as well. Methods and Findings To examine the association between employment condition and smoking status, we selected male respondents aged 20–59 that participated in all of the 8th–10th wave of Korean Labor and Income Panel ...

Addictive Internet Use among Korean Adolescents: A National Survey

Background A psychological disorder called ‘Internet addiction’ has newly emerged along with a dramatic increase of worldwide Internet use. However, few studies have used population-level samples nor taken into account contextual factors on Internet addiction. Methods and Findings We identified 57,857 middle and high school students (13–18 year olds) from a Korean nationally ...

Provider perspectives on constraints in providing maternal, neonatal and child health services in the Lao People’s democratic republic: a qualitative study

Background To reduce its high maternal and neonatal mortality rate and meet Millennium Development Goals four and five, Lao PDR has adopted a national ‘Strategy and Planning Framework of Implementation of Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health Services’. This paper reports on implementation constraints identified in three demonstration sites. Methods The objectives of this paper are ...

Social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of economic crisis (1993–2010) in Korea

Backgrounds This study examines social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of the Korean economic crisis (1993–2010) among Korean adults aged 40 and over. Methods Data from the census and the national death file from the Statistics Korea are employed to calculate life expectancy and age-specific-death-rates (ASDR) by age, gender, and ...

Socioeconomic Inequalities in Adolescent Depression in South Korea: A Multilevel Analysis

Background In recent years, South Korea has witnessed a sustained rise in the prevalence of adolescent depression. In the present study, we sought to investigate family and school environmental influences on adolescent depression. Methods and Findings Middle and high school students (N = 75,066) were randomly selected respondents to a web-based survey and answered questions on ...