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45 papers found.
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Specific effects of working memory training on the reading skills of Chinese children with developmental dyslexia

Conceptualization: Juanhua Yang, Jun Peng, Lei Mo. Data curation: Juanhua Yang, Jun Peng. Formal analysis: Juanhua Yang. Funding acquisition: Lei Mo. Investigation: Dake Zhang. Methodology: Juanhua Yang, Jun Peng ... . Project administration: Lei Mo. Software: Jun Peng. Supervision: Lei Mo. Validation: Juanhua Yang. Visualization: Dake Zhang, Liling Zheng. Writing ± original draft: Juanhua Yang. Writing ± review

Investigation of the deterioration of passive films in H2S-containing solutions

The effect of H2S on the corrosion behavior of 316L stainless steel was investigated using electrochemical methods by changing the gas condition from CO2 to H2S and then back to CO2. The presence of H2S showed an acceleration effect on the corrosion of 316L stainless steel in comparison with CO2. The acceleration effect remained even after the complete removal of H2S by CO2...

Role of Nrf2 signaling pathway in the radiation tolerance of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: an in vivo and in vitro study

Role of Nrf2 signaling pathway in the radiation tolerance of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: an in vivo and in vitro study Tao Wang, Peng Hu, Bo Li, Jun-Peng Zhang, Yu-Feng Cheng

Tocilizumab potentially prevents bone loss in patients with anticitrullinated protein antibody-positive rheumatoid arthritis

Hsieh, Tsu-Yi Hsieh, Der-Yuan Chen. Data curation: Yi-Ming Chen, Jun-Peng Chen, Der-Yuan Chen. Formal analysis: Hsin-Hua Chen, Jun-Peng Chen. Funding acquisition: Yi-Ming Chen, Der-Yuan Chen. 10 / 13 ... Investigation: Yi-Ming Chen, Hsin-Hua Chen, Wen-Nan Huang, Tsai-Ling Liao, Jun-Peng Chen, Wen-Cheng Chao, Ching-Tsai Lin, Wei-Ting Hung, Tsu-Yi Hsieh, Der-Yuan Chen. Methodology: Yi-Ming Chen, Hsin-Hua Chen, Wen

Long-term behavior of non-ferrous metal price models with jumps

In this paper, we study the long-term behavior of a class of stochastic non-ferrous metal prices with jumps. Suppose that X ( t ) is a stochastic model for some metal price with Poisson jumps. For a suitable μ ≥ 1 , we prove that t − μ ∫ 0 t X ( s ) d s converges almost surely as t → ∞ . Finally, the model is applied to forecast the behavior of a two-factor affine model.MSC...

Effects of Soil Salinity on the Expression of Bt Toxin (Cry1Ac) and the Control Efficiency of Helicoverpa armigera in Field-Grown Transgenic Bt Cotton

An increasing area of transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton is being planted in saline-alkaline soil in China. The Bt protein level in transgenic cotton plants and its control efficiency can be affected by abiotic stress, including high temperature, water deficiency and other factors. However, how soil salinity affects the expression of Bt protein, thus influencing the...

Proteomic and Phosphoproteomic Insights into a Signaling Hub Role for Cdc14 in Asexual Development and Multiple Stress Responses in Beauveria bassiana

Cdc14 is a dual-specificity phosphatase that regulates nuclear behavior by dephosphorylating phosphotyrosine and phosphoserine/phosphothreonine in fungi. Previously, Cdc14 was shown to act as a positive regulator of cytokinesis, asexual development and multiple stress responses in Beauveria bassiana, a fungal insect pathogen. This study seeks to gain deep insight into a pivotal...

Effects of Soil Salinity on Sucrose Metabolism in Cotton Fiber

Cotton (Gosspium hirsutum L.) is classified as a salt tolerant crop. However, its yield and fiber quality are negatively affected by soil salinity. Studies on the enzymatic differences in sucrose metabolism under different soil salinity levels are lacking. Therefore, field experiments, using two cotton cultivars, CCRI-79 (salt-tolerant) and Simian 3 (salt-sensitive), were...

Estimation of Source Number for Single-Channel Received Signal

A single-channel source number estimation method is presented. The single-channel received signal is firstly decomposed into several intrinsic-mode functions (IMFs) by empirical mode decomposition (EMD). Then the information theoretic criteria (ITC) based methods, MDL and AIC, are introduced to realize the source number estimation. And the diagonal loading technique is used to...

Iron Chelation Inhibits Osteoclastic Differentiation In Vitro and in Tg2576 Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease

Patients of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) frequently have lower bone mineral density and higher rate of hip fracture. Tg2576, a well characterized AD animal model that ubiquitously express Swedish mutant amyloid precursor protein (APPswe), displays not only AD-relevant neuropathology, but also age-dependent bone deficits. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. As...

T cell immune abnormalities in immune thrombocytopenia

Immune thrombocytopenia is an autoimmune disease with abnormal T cell immunity. Cytotoxic T cells, abnormal T regulatory cells, helper T cell imbalance, megakaryocyte maturation abnormalities and abnormal T cell anergy are involved in the pathogenesis of this condition. The loss of T cell-mediated immune tolerance to platelet auto-antigens plays a crucial role in immune...

Antitumor Effects and Mechanism of Novel Emodin Rhamnoside Derivatives against Human Cancer Cells In Vitro

A series of novel anthracene L-rhamnopyranosides compounds were designed and synthesized and their anti-proliferative activities on cancer cell lines were investigated. We found that one derivative S-8 (EM-d-Rha) strongly inhibited cell proliferation of a panel of different human cancer cell lines including A549, HepG2, OVCAR-3, HeLa and K562 and SGC-790 cell lines, and displayed...

Effects of Soil Salinity on Sucrose Metabolism in Cotton Leaves

This study investigated sucrose metabolism of the youngest fully expanded main-stem leaf (MSL) and the subtending leaf of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) boll (LSCB) of salt-tolerant (CCRI-79) and salt-sensitive (Simian 3) cultivars and its relationship to boll weight under low, medium and high soil salinity stress in Dafeng, China, in 2013 and 2014. The results showed that with...

The role of induced pluripotent stem cells in regenerative medicine: neurodegenerative diseases

Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Friedreich's ataxia are the most common human neurodegenerative diseases pathologically characterized by a progressive and specific loss of certain neuronal populations. The exact mechanisms of neuronal cell death in these diseases are unclear, although some forms of the diseases...

Nitidine chloride inhibits hepatic cancer growth via modulation of multiple signaling pathways

Background The development of hepatic cancer is tightly regulated by multiple intracellular signaling pathways. Therefore, most currently-used anti-tumor agents, which typically target single intracellular pathway, might not always be therapeutically effective. Additionally, long-term use of these agents probably generates drug resistance and unacceptable adverse effects. These...

High infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages in triple-negative breast cancer is associated with a higher risk of distant metastasis

High infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages in triple-negative breast cancer is associated with a higher risk of distant metastasis Zhong-Yu Yuan,1–3* Rong-Zhen Luo,1,2,4,* Rou-Jun Peng,1–3 Shu

Characterization of Small Interfering RNAs Derived from Sugarcane Mosaic Virus in Infected Maize Plants by Deep Sequencing

RNA silencing is a conserved surveillance mechanism against viruses in plants. It is mediated by Dicer-like (DCL) proteins producing small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), which guide specific Argonaute (AGO)-containing complexes to inactivate viral genomes and may promote the silencing of host mRNAs. In this study, we obtained the profile of virus-derived siRNAs (vsiRNAs) from...

Rapid and Efficient Isolation of High-Quality Small RNAs from Recalcitrant Plant Species Rich in Polyphenols and Polysaccharides

Small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), are important regulators of plant development and gene expression. The acquisition of high-quality small RNAs is the first step in the study of its expression and function analysis, yet the extraction method of small RNAs in recalcitrant plant tissues with various secondary metabolites is not well...