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New feature of low \(p_{T}\) charm quark hadronization in pp collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=7\) TeV

Treating the light-flavor constituent quarks and antiquarks whose momentum information is extracted from the data of soft light-flavor hadrons in pp collisions at \(\sqrt{s}=7\) TeV as the underlying source of chromatically neutralizing the charm quarks of low transverse momenta (\(p_{T}\)), we show that the experimental data of \(p_{T}\) spectra of single-charm hadrons \(D^{0...

Effect of a first responder on survival outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest occurs during a period of exercise in a public place

Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Author Contributions Conceptualization: Seo Young Ko, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song. Formal analysis: Young Sun Ro. Funding ... acquisition: Sang Do Shin. Investigation: Ki Jeong Hong, So Yeon Kong. Resources: Kyoung Jun Song. Supervision: Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin. Writing ± original draft: Seo Young Ko. So Yeon Kong. Writing

Epidemiology and outcomes of anaphylaxis-associated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Sun Young Lee, Seung Chul Lee, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Jeong Ho Park. Data curation: Sun Young Lee, Seung Chul Lee, Sang Do Shin, Young Sun Ro, So Yeon ... Kong. Formal analysis: Sun Young Lee, Seung Chul Lee, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Young Sun Ro, Jeong Ho Park, So Yeon Kong. Funding acquisition: Seung Chul Lee, Sang Do Shin. Investigation: Sun

Transcriptome analysis of a taxol-producing endophytic fungus <Emphasis Type=

The shortage of molecular information for taxol-producing fungi has greatly impeded the understanding of fungal taxol biosynthesis mechanism. In this study, the transcriptome of one taxol-producing endophytic fungus Cladosporium cladosporioides MD2 was sequenced for the first time. About 1.77 Gbp clean reads were generated and further assembled into 16,603 unigenes with an...

Inhibition effect of Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Streptococcus thermophilus and Enterococcus faecalis and their related products on human colonic smooth muscle in vitro

express their gratitude to all the participants. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Jun Song, Xiaohua Hou. Data curation: Jing Gong, Tao Bai. Formal analysis: Jing Gong, Jun Song. Funding ... acquisition: Jun Song, Xiaohua Hou. Investigation: Jing Gong. Methodology: Jing Gong, Tao Bai, Lei Zhang, Wei Qian. Project administration: Wei Qian, Jun Song. Resources: Lei Zhang, Wei Qian. Software: Tao

Differential effects of amnion and chorion membrane extracts on osteoblast-like cells due to the different growth factor composition of the extracts

). Scale bars represent 500 μm. (TIF) S1 Table. List of primers and product sizes for quantitative real-time RT-PCR. (DOCX) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Yoon Young Go, Jae-Jun Song. 17 / 20 Data ... curation: Sung Eun Kim. Funding acquisition: Jae-Jun Song. Investigation: Yoon Young Go, Jae-Jun Song. Methodology: Sung Eun Kim. Project administration: Yoon Young Go. Resources: Geum Joon Cho, Sung

Improvement to ultrasonographical differential diagnosis of gastric lesions: The value of contrast enhanced sonography with gastric distention

. Supporting information S1 Table. (XLSX) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Tingting Li. Data curation: Tingting Li, Ping Wu. Formal analysis: Tingting Li. Investigation: Jun Song. Project ... administration: Man Lu. Resources: Man Lu. Software: Jun Song, Zhenqi Zhang. Validation: Ping Wu. Visualization: Xueqing Cheng. 9 / 10 Writing ± original draft: Tingting Li. Writing ± review & editing: Man Lu

The U-box family genes in Medicago truncatula: Key elements in response to salt, cold, and drought stresses

also supported by the Guangdong Innovation Research Team Fund, grant number 2014ZT05S078 ( to BEIXIN MO, JUN SONG. The role of the sponsors was decision to publish and data ... . (XLS) Author Contributions Conceptualization: Jianbo Song. Data curation: Xiaowei Mo, Haiqi Yang. Formal analysis: Xiaowei Mo, Luming Yue, Jun Song. Funding acquisition: Beixin Mo. 19 / 22

Nitric oxide induced by polyamines involves antioxidant systems against chilling stress in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) seedling

via regulating the induction of antioxidant genes and enhancing the antioxidant activities. Compliance with ethics guidelines Qian-nan DIAO, Yong-jun SONG, Dong-mei SHI, and Hong-yan QI declare that

Treatment Efficacy and Safety of Tenofovir-Based Therapy in Chronic Hepatitis B: A Real Life Cohort Study in Korea

Background & Aims We evaluated the efficacy and safety of Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-based therapy in naïve and treatment-experienced chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients for 96 weeks in Korean real life practice. Methods A total of 209 CHB patients with a prescription for TDF at the Seoul and Daejeon St. Mary’s hospitals were enrolled from December 2012 to October 2014...

LSTM-in-LSTM for generating long descriptions of images

In this paper, we propose an approach for generating rich fine-grained textual descriptions of images. In particular, we use an LSTM-in-LSTM (long short-term memory) architecture, which consists of an inner LSTM and an outer LSTM. The inner LSTM effectively encodes the long-range implicit contextual interaction between visual cues (i.e., the spatiallyconcurrent visual objects...

The Associations of Serum Lipids with Vitamin D Status

Aims Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with some disorders including cardiovascular diseases. Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. However, data about the relationships between vitamin D and lipids are inconsistent. The relationship of vitamin D and Atherogenic Index of Plasma (AIP), as an excellent predictor of level of small and dense LDL, has...

miRNA-106a directly targeting RARB associates with the expression of Na + /I − symporter in thyroid cancer by regulating MAPK signaling pathway

Background Serum miRNAs profiles between papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients with non- 131 I and 131 I-avid lung metastases are differentially expressed. These miRNAs have to be further validated and the role of these miRNAs in the molecular function level of thyroid cancer cell lines has not been investigated. Methods Expression levels of six identified miRNAs were...

A Beacon Transmission Power Control Algorithm Based on Wireless Channel Load Forecasting in VANETs

In a vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), the periodic exchange of single-hop status information broadcasts (beacon frames) produces channel loading, which causes channel congestion and induces information conflict problems. To guarantee fairness in beacon transmissions from each node and maximum network connectivity, adjustment of the beacon transmission power is an effective...

Uridylation and adenylation of RNAs

The posttranscriptional addition of nontemplated nucleotides to the 3′ ends of RNA molecules can have a significant impact on their stability and biological function. It has been recently discovered that nontemplated addition of uridine or adenosine to the 3′ ends of RNAs occurs in different organisms ranging from algae to humans, and on different kinds of RNAs, such as histone...

Correction: Identification of Potential Novel Biomarkers and Signaling Pathways Related to Otitis Media Induced by Diesel Exhaust Particles Using Transcriptomic Analysis in an In Vivo System

Hyo Jeong Kim So Young Kim Jee Young Kwon Yeo Jin Kim Seung Hun Kang Won- Hee Jang Jun Ho Lee Myung-Whan Suh Jae-Jun Song Young Rok Seo Moo Kyun Park The eighth author's name is spelled incorrectly

Sarcopenia and Hearing Loss in Older Koreans: Findings from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010

Age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) is becoming a more significant issue as geriatric population increases. Sarcopenia in older people is known to have a diverse health problem in various circumstances in recent studies. We assessed whether the decrease in muscle mass is related to ARHI. We used the 2010 data of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...

Targeted Sequencing of Large Genomic Regions with CATCH-Seq

Current target enrichment systems for large-scale next-generation sequencing typically require synthetic oligonucleotides used as capture reagents to isolate sequences of interest. The majority of target enrichment reagents are focused on gene coding regions or promoters en masse. Here we introduce development of a customizable targeted capture system using biotinylated RNA probe...

The preventive effect of resiniferatoxin on the development of cold hypersensitivity induced by spinal nerve ligation: involvement of TRPM8

Background Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is a potent analog of capsaicin and activates transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid type (TRPV) 1. In the current study, we investigated the preventive effect of perineural RTX on the development of cold hypersensitivity induced by spinal nerve ligation (SNL) in rats. Furthermore, we examined the association between the expression level of...

Effect of Cigarette Smoking and Passive Smoking on Hearing Impairment: Data from a Population–Based Study

Objectives In the present study, we aimed to determine the effect of both active and passive smoking on the prevalence of the hearing impairment and the hearing thresholds in different age groups through the analysis of data collected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Study Design Cross-sectional epidemiological study. Methods The KNHANES...