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8 papers found.
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Translating an early childhood obesity prevention program for local community implementation: a case study of the Melbourne InFANT Program

Background While there is a growing interest in the field of research translation, there are few published examples of public health interventions that have been effectively scaled up and implemented in the community. This paper provides a case study of the community-wide implementation of the Melbourne Infant, Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT), an obesity prevention ...

Building Quality in Clinical Trials With Use of a Quality Systems Approach

0 Cynthia F. Kleppinger and Leslie K. Ball Division of Scientific Investigations, Office of Compliance, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration , Silver Spring

Regulation of Thromboxane Receptor Signaling at Multiple Levels by Oxidative Stress-Induced Stabilization, Relocation and Enhanced Responsiveness

Background Thromboxane A2 (TxA2) is a major, unstable arachidonic acid metabolite, and plays a key role in normal physiology and control of vascular tone. The human thromboxane receptor (TPβ), expressed in COS-7 cells, is located predominantly in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Brief hydrogen peroxide exposure increases the efficiency of translocation of TPβ from the ER into the ...

Antenatal and postnatal corticosteroid and resuscitation induced lung injury in preterm sheep

Background Initiation of ventilation using high tidal volumes in preterm lambs causes lung injury and inflammation. Antenatal corticosteroids mature the lungs of preterm infants and postnatal corticosteroids are used to treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Objective To test if antenatal or postnatal corticosteroids would decrease resuscitation induced lung injury. Methods 129 d ...

Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection May Elicit Neutralizing Antibodies Targeting Epitopes Conserved in All Viral Genotypes

Anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) cross-neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies, directed against conserved epitopes on surface E2 glycoprotein, are central tools for understanding virus-host interplay, and for planning strategies for prevention and treatment of this infection. Recently, we developed a research aimed at identifying these antibody specificities. The characteristics of ...

Evaluating the Immune Response to Combination Vaccines

Assessment of the immune responses to combination vaccines in the United States has generally been based on randomized, controlled comparative trials, with such studies designed to rule out predefined differences. In designing clinical studies of the immune response to combination products, attention should be directed toward selecting the appropriate immunologic end points and ...

TT Virus Infection in Patients with Hepatitis C: Frequency, Persistence, and Sequence Heterogeneity

TT virus (TTV) was recently identified in the serum of a patient with hepatitis. The role of TTV in liver disease has not been established. Three polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocols were used to detect TTV DNA in sera of persons infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) and in blood donors. Sera from 11.5% of HCV-infected patients and 7.7% of blood donors were positive by ...