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Errors in the Hematology Laboratory at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical laboratory errors in hematology tests.ResultsA total of 2606 hematology requests were studied. Out of the total, 562 (21.6%) pre-analytic, 14 (0.5%) analytical and 168 (6.4%) post-analytical errors were recorded which contribute a total frequency of 75.5, 1.9 and...

Molecular epidemiology and drug sensitivity pattern of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains isolated from pulmonary tuberculosis patients in and around Ambo Town, Central Ethiopia

Contributions Conceptualization: Melaku Tilahun, Gobena Ameni, Kassu Desta, Markos Abebe, Abraham Aseffa. Data curation: Lawrence Yamuah. Formal analysis: Melaku Tilahun. Investigation: Melaku Tilahun ... . Methodology: Melaku Tilahun, Gobena Ameni, Kassu Desta, Aboma Zewude, Abraham Aseffa. Project administration: Melaku Tilahun, Aboma Zewude. Software: Lawrence Yamuah. Supervision: Gobena Ameni, Markos Abebe

Virological and bacteriological quality of drinking water in Ethiopia

Health Science, Addis Ababa University , Addis Ababa , Ethiopia 5 Public Health Microbiology Research Team, Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI) , B. O. B: 1242, Addis Ababa , Ethiopia 6 Kassu Desta

Performance Evaluation of Malaria Microscopists at Defense Health Facilities in Addis Ababa and Its Surrounding Areas, Ethiopia

Background Blood film microscopy is the gold standard approach for malaria diagnosis, and preferred method for routine patient diagnosis in health facilities. However, the inability of laboratory professionals to correctly detect and identify malaria parasites microscopically leads to an inappropriate administration of anti-malarial drugs to the patients and incorrect findings in...

Performance of Mycobacterium Growth Indicator Tube BACTEC 960 with Lowenstein–Jensen method for diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis at Ethiopian National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Background Bacteriological confirmed active case detection remains the corner stone for diagnosing tuberculosis. Non-radiometric liquid culture system Mycobacterium Growth Indicator Tube with automated interface had been recommended by expert groups in addition to conventional solid culture media such as Lowenstein–Jensen. However in high burden resource limited countries...

Performance of point-of-care urine test in diagnosing tuberculosis suspects with and without HIV infection in selected peripheral health settings of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Selam Niguse Sahle 0 3 Dereje Teshome Asress 2 Kassu Desta Tullu 1 Atsebeha Gebrezgeaxier Weldemariam 4 Habteyes Hailu Tola 4 Yodit Alemayehu Awas 4 Gebremdihin Gebremichael Hagos 4 Muluwork Getahun

Seroprevalence and transmission of Hepatitis B virus among delivering women and their new born in selected health facilities, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

Background Hepatitis B Virus is a major public health problem worldwide. In 2012 alone, over 350 million chronic carriers and 1. 2 million annual deaths were occurred. Hepatitis B Virus causes 60 to 80% of the world’s primary liver cancer and nearly 90% infants infected due to vertical transmission are at higher risk of developing chronic liver disease and cancer. Hence...

The Effect of Maternal Helminth Infection on Maternal and Neonatal Immune Function and Immunity to Tuberculosis

Background M. tuberculosis and helminth infection each affects one third of the world population. Helminth infections down regulate cell mediated immune responses and this may contribute to lower efficacy of BCG vaccination and higher prevalence of tuberculosis. Objective To determine the effect of maternal helminth infection on maternal and neonatal immune function and immunity...

Prevalence of intestinal parasites, salmonella and shigella among apparently health food handlers of Addis Ababa University student’s cafeteria, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Background Food contamination may occur at any point during its journey through production, processing, distribution, and preparation. The risk of food getting contaminated depends largely on the health status of the food handlers, their personal hygiene, knowledge and practice of food hygiene. Food borne diseases are a public health problem in developed and developing countries...

Podoconiosis and Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STHs): Double Burden of Neglected Tropical Diseases in Wolaita Zone, Rural Southern Ethiopia

Background Both podoconiosis and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections occur among barefoot people in areas of extreme poverty; however, their co-morbidity has not previously been investigated. We explored the overlap of STH infection and podoconiosis in Southern Ethiopia and quantified their separate and combined effects on prevalent anemia and hemoglobin levels in...

Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii infection in women of child-bearing age in central Ethiopia

Endrias Zewdu Gebremedhin endrias.zewdu@gmail.com 0 Anteneh Hailu Abebe Tesfaye Sisay Tessema Kassu Desta Tullu Girmay Medhin Maria Vitale Vincenzo Di Marco Eric Cox Pierre Dorny 0 Ambo University