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Using mating-type loci to improve taxonomy of the Tuber indicum complex, and discovery of a new species, T. longispinosum

Hiromi Sasaki, K70 (TFM: S17002); Ibid., 25 Oct 2004, collected by Kazuhide Nara, N52 (TFM: S17004); Ibid., 23 Dec 2005, collected by Hiromi Sasaki, K466 (TFM: S17003); SHIZUOKA Prefecture, Izu City, under ... of this manuscript. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Akihiko Kinoshita. Data curation: Akihiko Kinoshita. Formal analysis: Akihiko Kinoshita. Funding acquisition: Kazuhide Nara. Project

Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in endangered Pinus amamiana forests

and Cultural Foundation. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Masao Murata, Kazuhide Nara. Formal analysis: Masao Murata. Funding acquisition: Masao Murata, Kazuhide Nara. Investigation: Masao ... Murata, Seiichi Kanetani, Kazuhide Nara. Resources: Masao Murata, Seiichi Kanetani, Kazuhide Nara. Validation: Masao Murata. Writing ± original draft: Masao Murata, Kazuhide Nara. Writing ± review

Root-associated fungal communities in three Pyroleae species and their mycobiont sharing with surrounding trees in subalpine coniferous forests on Mount Fuji, Japan

Pyroleae species are perennial understory shrubs, many of which are partial mycoheterotrophs. Most fungi colonizing Pyroleae roots are ectomycorrhizal (ECM) and share common mycobionts with their Pyroleae hosts. However, such mycobiont sharing has neither been examined in depth before nor has the interspecific variation in sharing among Pyroleae species. Here, we examined root...

Ectomycorrhizal fungi reduce the light compensation point and promote carbon fixation of Pinus thunbergii seedlings to adapt to shade environments

We examined the effects of three ectomycorrhizal (ECM) symbionts on the growth and photosynthesis capacity of Japanese black pine (Pinus thunbergii) seedlings and estimated physiological and photosynthetic parameters such as the light compensation point (LCP), biomass, and phosphorus (Pi) concentration of P. thunbergii seedlings. Through this investigation, we documented a new...

Historical Biogeography and Diversification of Truffles in the Tuberaceae and Their Newly Identified Southern Hemisphere Sister Lineage

Truffles have evolved from epigeous (aboveground) ancestors in nearly every major lineage of fleshy fungi. Because accelerated rates of morphological evolution accompany the transition to the truffle form, closely related epigeous ancestors remain unknown for most truffle lineages. This is the case for the quintessential truffle genus Tuber, which includes species with socio...