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Association between salivary serotonin and the social sharing of happiness

. 12 / 15 Author Contributions Conceptualization: Masahiro Matsunaga, Keiko Ishii, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Yasuki Noguchi, Misaki Ochi, Hidenori Yamasue. Data curation: Masahiro Matsunaga, Keiko Ishii ... , Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Misaki Ochi. Formal analysis: Masahiro Matsunaga, Keiko Ishii, Yohsuke Ohtsubo. Funding acquisition: Keiko Ishii, Yohsuke Ohtsubo. Investigation: Keiko Ishii, Yohsuke Ohtsubo, Yasuki

Subjective socioeconomic status and cigarette smoking interact to delay discounting

People generally discount future outcomes, and accordingly accept immediate but smaller gain. This research examined whether this tendency (i.e., delay discounting) is associated with socioeconomic status (SES) and smoking status, and hypothesized that the influence of SES on delay discounting would be moderated by smoking status. Using an Internet survey, 206 participants made ...

Glucosylceramide Administration as a Vaccination Strategy in Mouse Models of Cryptococcosis

Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen and the causative agent of the disease cryptococcosis. Cryptococcosis is initiated as a pulmonary infection and in conditions of immune deficiency disseminates to the blood stream and central nervous system, resulting in life-threatening meningoencephalitis. A number of studies have focused on the development of a vaccine ...

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome detected incidentally by asymptomatic bilateral pneumothorax in health screening: a case of a young Japanese woman

Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations of germline folliculin (FCLN) mapped in the chromosome 17p11.2 region. BHD commonly accompanies renal tumors, fibrofolliculomas, multiple pulmonary cysts, and spontaneous pneumothorax. We report a case of a young Japanese woman in whom asymptomatic bilateral pneumothorax was found incidentally in a ...

Cryptococcus neoformans Infection in Mice Lacking Type I Interferon Signaling Leads to Increased Fungal Clearance and IL-4-Dependent Mucin Production in the Lungs

Type I interferons (IFNs) are secreted by many cell types upon stimulation via pattern recognition receptors and bind to IFN-α/β receptor (IFNAR), which is composed of IFNAR1 and IFNAR2. Although type I IFNs are well known as anti-viral cytokines, limited information is available on their role during fungal infection. In the present study, we addressed this issue by examining the ...

Dectin-2-dependent host defense in mice infected with serotype 3 Streptococcus pneumoniae

Background Streptococcus pneumoniae, a major causative bacterial pathogen of community-acquired pneumonia, possesses a thick polysaccharide capsule. Host defense against this bacterium is mediated by activation of innate immune cells that sense bacterial components. Recently, C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) have garnered much attention in elucidating the recognition mechanism of ...

Culture modulates sensitivity to the disappearance of facial expressions associated with serotonin transporter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR)

The present research investigated an association between the serotonin transporter polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) and sensitivity to the disappearance of facial expressions cross-culturally and found, for the first time, that cultural norms and practices modulate the association. Participants watched both happy-to-neutral and sad-to-neutral movies and judged the point at which the ...

Interdependence modulates the brain response to word–voice incongruity

Social orientation (interdependence as opposed to independence) has been suggested as a major cultural dimension. In the present work, we used a specific stimulus-locked component of electroencephalogram and found, for the first time, that the perceiver’s social orientation modulates the brain response to incongruity of word meaning to attendant vocal tone. Participants judged the ...

Dectin-2-Dependent NKT Cell Activation and Serotype-Specific Antibody Production in Mice Immunized with Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine

Although thymus-independent type 2 antigens generally do not undergo Ig class switching from IgM to IgG, pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) induces the production of serotype-specific IgG. How this happens remains unclear, however. In the present study, PPV immunization induced production of IgG as well as IgM specific for a serotype 3-pneumococcal polysaccharide in the sera ...

Activation of pulmonary invariant NKT cells leads to exacerbation of acute lung injury caused by LPS through local production of IFN-γ and TNF-α by Gr-1+ monocytes

Invariant NK T (iNKT) cells are known to play a critical role in the regulation of inflammatory responses in various clinical settings. In the present study, we assessed the contribution of iNKT cells to the development of acute lung injury (ALI), which was caused by intra-tracheal administration of LPS. Jα18 gene-disrupted mice lacking these cells underwent neutrophilic ...