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14 papers found.
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Excessive daytime sleepiness in secondary chronic headache from the general population

Background Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS, defined as Epworth sleepiness scale score > 10) is a common symptom, with a prevalence of 10–20% in the general population. It is associated with headache and other chronic pain disorders. However, little is known about the prevalence of EDS among people with secondary chronic headaches. Findings A total of 30,000 persons aged 30–44 ...

Factors associated with life-sustaining treatment restriction in a general intensive care unit

CCI score contributed additional information independent of the illness severity rating. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Stein Arve Skjaker, Henrik Hoel, Vegard Dahl, Knut Stavem. Data ... curation: Stein Arve Skjaker, Henrik Hoel. Formal analysis: Stein Arve Skjaker, Henrik Hoel, Vegard Dahl, Knut Stavem. Funding acquisition: Knut Stavem. Investigation: Stein Arve Skjaker, Henrik Hoel. 8

Association of excessive daytime sleepiness with migraine and headache frequency in the general population

Background Some previous studies have postulated an association between migraine and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). This study evaluated the association of EDS with migraine and headache frequency in a general population, after adjusting for potential confounding variables. Methods The study was a postal survey of a random age and gender-stratified sample of 40,000 persons ...

Potentially Inappropriate Medications in Elderly Haemodialysis Patients Using the STOPP Criteria

or the preparation of this manuscript. Conflict of interest Krystina Parker, Willy Aasebø and Knut Stavem have no conflicts of interest. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the

Relationship between cytochrome P450 polymorphisms and prescribed medication in elderly haemodialysis patients

Background Elderly patients on haemodialysis have a high prevalence of polypharmacy and are at risk of drug-related complications. More than 80 % of all prescribed drugs are metabolized by the cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme system. The aims of this study were to describe the prevalence of polymorphism in three CYP isoenzymes and the relationship between CYP polymorphism and ...

Influenced from the start: anchoring bias in time trade-off valuations

Purpose The de facto standard method for valuing EQ-5D health states is the time trade-off (TTO), an iterative choice procedure. The TTO requires a starting point (SP), an initial offer of time in full health which is compared to a fixed offer of time in impaired health. From the SP, the time in full health is manipulated until preferential indifference. The SP is arbitrary, but ...

Prevalence and predictors of headache in patients referred to polysomnography

Kornelia Katalin Beiske 0 Michael Bjrn Russell Knut Stavem 0 Department of Neurology, Medical Division, Akershus University Hospital , Lrenskog, Norway Background: The objectives of this study were

Psychometric properties of the Brief Pain Inventory among patients with osteoarthritis undergoing total hip replacement surgery

Background Pain is a cardinal symptom of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and important for deciding when to operate. This study assessed the internal consistency reliability, validity and responsiveness of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) among patients with OA undergoing total hip replacement (THR). Methods We prospectively included 250 of 356 patients who were accepted to the ...

Health-related quality of life in diabetes: The associations of complications with EQ-5D scores

Oddvar Solli 0 Knut Stavem IS Kristiansen 0 0 Institute of Health Management and Health Economics , P.O. Box 1089 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo , Norway Background: The aim of this study was to describe

Reliability and validity of the ESRD Symptom Checklist – Transplantation Module in Norwegian kidney transplant recipients

Background The aim of the study was to validate the Norwegian version of a self-administered 43-item questionnaire designed to assess quality of life in kidney transplant recipients, the End-Stage Renal Disease Symptom Checklist – Transplantation Module (ESRD-SCL). Methods In total, 53 kidney transplant recipients from one university-affiliated hospital responded to a questionnaire ...

Health-related quality of life in a trial of acupuncture, sham acupuncture and conventional treatment for chronic sinusitis

Background Acupuncture is commonly used to treat chronic sinusitis, though there is little documentation on the effect. This study presents the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in a trial comparing traditional Chinese acupuncture, sham acupuncture, and conventional treatment for chronic sinusitis. Findings In a three-armed single blind randomized controlled study, we ...

Life situation and quality of life in young adult kidney transplant recipients

Background. Young adults, 18–35 years of age, may be more vulnerable to chronic diseases than other age groups. In this study we describe the life situation and lifestyle of young adult kidney transplant recipients and compare their health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with a general population sample. Methods. Questionnaires, including items on life situation, lifestyle, and the ...

Health-related quality of life after myocardial infarction is associated with level of left ventricular ejection fraction

Background The objective was to explore the relationship between left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessed during hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (MI) and later health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods We used multivariable linear regression to assess the relationship between LVEF and HRQoL in 256 MI patients who responded to the Kansas City ...

Association of changes in health-related quality of life in coronary heart disease with coronary procedures and sociodemographic characteristics

Background Few studies have focused on the association between the sociodemographic characteristics of a patient with the change in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) following invasive coronary procedures, and the results remain inconclusive. The objective of the present study was to measure the temporal changes in HRQOL of patients with coronary heart disease, and assess how ...