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Multiloop amplitudes of light-cone gauge NSR string field theory in noncritical dimensions

Feynman amplitudes of light-cone gauge superstring field theory are ill-defined because of various divergences. In a previous paper, one of the authors showed that taking the worldsheet theory to be the one in a linear dilaton background Φ = −iQX 1 with Feynman iε (ε > 0) and Q 2 > 10 yields finite amplitudes. In this paper, we apply this worldsheet theory to dimensional...

Worldsheet theory of light-cone gauge noncritical strings on higher genus Riemann surfaces

It is possible to formulate light-cone gauge string field theory in noncritical dimensions. Such a theory corresponds to conformal gauge worldsheet theory with nonstandard longitudinal part. We study the longitudinal part of the worldsheet theory on higher genus Riemann surfaces. The results in this paper shall be used to study the dimensional regularization of light-cone gauge...

Increase in Resistance to Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporins in Salmonella Isolated from Retail Chicken Products in Japan

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Salmonella are one of the most important public health problems in developed countries. ESBL-producing Salmonella strains have been isolated from humans in Asian countries neighboring Japan, along with strains harboring the plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum cephalosporin (ESC)-resistance gene, ampC (pAmpC). However, only a few...

Isolation and Characteristics of Shiga Toxin 2f-Producing Escherichia coli among Pigeons in Kyushu, Japan

An increasing number of Shiga toxin 2f-producing Escherichia coli (STEC2f) infections in humans are being reported in Europe, and pigeons have been suggested as a reservoir for the pathogen. In Japan, there is very little information regarding carriage of STEC2f by pigeons, prompting the need for further investigation. We collected 549 samples of pigeon droppings from 14...

Multi-locus sequence typing of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis strains in Japan between 1973 and 2004

Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) was responsible for a worldwide pandemic during the 1980s and 1990s; however, changes in the dominant lineage before and after this event remain unknown. This study determined S. Enteritidis lineages before and after this pandemic event in Japan using multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Thirty S. Enteritidis...

Open Wilson Lines as States of Closed String

A system of a D-brane in bosonic string theory on a constant B field background is studied in order to obtain further insight into the bulk-boundary duality. Boundary states which describe arbitrary numbers of open-string tachyons and gluons are given. The UV behavior of field theories on the non-commutative world-volume is investigated by using these states. We take the zero...

Correspondence between Noncommutative Soliton and Open String/D-Brane System via Gaussian Damping Factor*)

Koichi Murakami 1 0 High Energy Section, the Abdus Salam ICTP , Strada Costiera 11 34014 Trieste , Italy 1 Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University Toyonaka 560-0043 , Japan

Lorentz Symmetry of Supermembrane in Light Cone Gauge Formulation

We prove the Lorentz symmetry of supermembrane theory in the light cone gauge to complete the program initiated by de Wit, Marquard and Nicolai.We give some comments on extending the formulation to the M(atrix) theory.