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Search: authors:"Krishna P. Reddy"

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Impact of Cigarette Smoking and Smoking Cessation on Life Expectancy Among People With HIV: A US-Based Modeling Study

Background. In the United States, >40% of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) smoke cigarettes. Methods. We used a computer simulation of HIV disease and treatment to project the life expectancy of HIV-infected persons, based on smoking status. We used age- and sex-specific data on mortality, stratified by smoking status. The ratio of the non-AIDS-related ...

Microscopic Observation Drug Susceptibility Assay for Tuberculosis Screening before Isoniazid Preventive Therapy in HIV-Infected Persons

Background Active tuberculosis (TB) must be excluded before initiating isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but currently used screening strategies have poor sensitivity and specificity and high patient attrition rates. Liquid TB culture is now recommended for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in individuals ...