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Confabulations Related to Tacit Awareness in Visual Neglect

The case of a man with left-sided visuospatial neglect is reported. His performance on a test for neglect, the “burning house test”, is analysed and compared with that of other patients referred to in the literature. We suggest that the confabulations neglect patients may produce when confronted with this test reflect the degree of preconscious awareness for left-sided features.

The rising tide of opioid use and abuse: the role of the anesthesiologist

Opioid use has risen dramatically in the past three decades. In the USA, opioid overdose has become a leading cause of unintentional death, surpassing motor vehicle accidents. A patient’s first exposure to opioids may be during the perioperative period, a time where anesthesiologists have a significant role in pain management. Almost all patients in the USA receive opioids during...

Collagen Fingerprinting: A New Screening Technique for Radiocarbon Dating Ancient Bone

Collagen is the dominant organic component of bone and is intimately locked within the hydroxyapatite structure of this ubiquitous biomaterial that dominates archaeological and palaeontological assemblages. Radiocarbon analysis of extracted collagen is one of the most common approaches to dating bone from late Pleistocene or Holocene deposits, but dating is relatively expensive...

A New Sauropod Dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic of the United Kingdom

A new record of a sauropodomorph dinosaur is here described from the Middle Jurassic (Aalenian) Saltwick Formation of Whitby (Yorkshire), UK. A single caudal vertebra represents an early sauropodomorph and signifies the earliest recognised eusauropod dinosaur from the United Kingdom. The absence of pleurocoels and a narrow, dorsoventrally deep, but craniocaudally short centrum...

Geochemical Evidence of the Seasonality, Affinity and Pigmenation of Solenopora jurassica

Solenopora jurassica is a fossil calcareous alga that functioned as an important reef-building organism during the Palaeozoic. It is of significant palaeobiological interest due to its distinctive but poorly understood pink and white banding. Though widely accepted as an alga there is still debate over its taxonomic affinity, with recent work arguing that it should be...

Bacteria or melanosomes? A geochemical analysis of micro-bodies on a tadpole from the Oligocene Enspel Formation of Germany

Many exceptionally preserved fossils have long been thought the product of preservation by bacterial autolithification, based largely upon the presence of, micron-sized, spherical or elongate bodies on their surface. This has recently been challenged by studies of similar fossils which cite morphological and geochemical evidence that these structures could be fossilized...

More than One Way of Being a Moa: Differences in Leg Bone Robustness Map Divergent Evolutionary Trajectories in Dinornithidae and Emeidae (Dinornithiformes)

The extinct moa of New Zealand included three families (Megalapterygidae; Dinornithidae; Emeidae) of flightless palaeognath bird, ranging in mass from <15 kg to >200 kg. They are perceived to have evolved extremely robust leg bones, yet current estimates of body mass have very wide confidence intervals. Without reliable estimators of mass, the extent to which dinornithid and...

Dynamic Similarity in Titanosaur Sauropods: Ichnological Evidence from the Fumanya Dinosaur Tracksite (Southern Pyrenees)

Phillip L. Manning 0 Richard J. Butler, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Mu nchen, Germany 0 1 Grupo Aragosaurus-IUCA, Paleontolog a, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza , Zaragoza , Spain , 2

Finite element modelling versus classic beam theory: comparing methods for stress estimation in a morphologically diverse sample of vertebrate long bones

Charlotte A. Brassey Lee Margetts Andrew C. Kitchener Philip J. Withers Phillip L. Manning William I. Sellers 0 School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences 1 Faculty of Life Sciences 2

Manus Track Preservation Bias as a Key Factor for Assessing Trackmaker Identity and Quadrupedalism in Basal Ornithopods

. Palaios 24 : 222 - 238 . 15. Falkingham PL , Margetts L , Manning PL ( 2010 ) Fossil vertebrate tracks as palaeopenetrometers: confounding effects of foot morphology . Palaios 25 : 356 - 360 . 16. Avanzini ... - 432 . 24. Leonardi G ( 1997 ) Problematica actual de las icnitas de los dinosaurios . Revista Sociedad Geologica de Espa na 10 ( 3-4 ): 341 - 353 . 25. Falkingham PL , Bates KT , Margetts L , Manning PL

Synchrotron imaging reveals bone healing and remodelling strategies in extinct and extant vertebrates

. Egerton Phillip L. Manning 0 Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester , Manchester M13 9PL, UK 1 Department of Earth and Environmental Science, Temple University , Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA 2

The ‘Goldilocks’ effect: preservation bias in vertebrate track assemblages

P. L. Falkingham () K. T. Bates L. Margetts P. L. Manning 0 Research Computing, University of Manchester , Devonshire House, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, UK 1 Department of Musculoskeletal

Simulating sauropod manus-only trackway formation using finite-element analysis

P. L. Falkingham (peter.falkingham@manchester.ac.uk) K. T. Bates L. Margetts P. L. Manning Supplementary data 0 Research Computing Services, University of Manchester , Kilburn Building, Oxford Road

Morphological and Geochemical Evidence of Eumelanin Preservation in the Feathers of the Early Cretaceous Bird, Gansus yumenensis

Recent studies have shown evidence for the preservation of colour in fossilized soft tissues by imaging melanosomes, melanin pigment containing organelles. This study combines geochemical analyses with morphological observations to investigate the preservation of melanosomes and melanin within feathers of the Early Cretaceous bird, Gansus yumenensis. Scanning electron microscopy...

Minimum convex hull mass estimations of complete mounted skeletons

W. I. Sellers (william.sellers@manchester.ac.uk) J. Hepworth-Bell P. L. Falkingham K. T. Bates C. A. Brassey V. M. Egerton P. L. Manning 0 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Brown

Infrared mapping resolves soft tissue preservation in 50 million year-old reptile skin

Non-destructive Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) mapping of Eocene aged fossil reptile skin shows that biological control on the distribution of endogenous organic components within fossilized soft tissue can be resolved. Mapped organic functional units within this approximately 50 Myr old specimen from the Green River Formation (USA) include amide and sulphur compounds. These...

Estimating Mass Properties of Dinosaurs Using Laser Imaging and 3D Computer Modelling

Body mass reconstructions of extinct vertebrates are most robust when complete to near-complete skeletons allow the reconstruction of either physical or digital models. Digital models are most efficient in terms of time and cost, and provide the facility to infinitely modify model properties non-destructively, such that sensitivity analyses can be conducted to quantify the effect...

Avian-like breathing mechanics in maniraptoran dinosaurs

) material has identified these probable elements as uncinate processes (P. L. Manning 2006, personal observation). The articular scars on Deinonychus ribs (Ostrom 1969) were almost certainly cartilaginous ... antirrhopus + Archaeopteryx ( Mayr et al. 2005; see figure 2b; P. L. Manning 2007, personal observation). Using parsimony, the presence of uncinates in early avian species, their presence in several non-avian