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Preface: innovative flexible energy

, University of Tokyo , Japan 2 Prof. Lei Fu College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan University , China mater.scichina.com  link.springer.com - Continuous progress in energy science and technology

The endophytic bacteria isolated from elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) promote plant growth and enhance salt tolerance of Hybrid Pennisetum

Background Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) and Hybrid Pennisetum (Pennisetum americanum × P. purpureum Schumach) are tall, fast-growing perennial C4 bunchgrasses that have been in recent developed as the most appropriate biomass feedstock in many countries for exploring various biofuel products. However, the challenges of increasing plant biomass yield and...

Association between Dietary Vitamin C Intake and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Cross-Sectional Study among Middle-Aged and Older Adults

Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become one of the most prevalent chronic liver disease all over the world. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between dietary vitamin C intake and NAFLD. Method Subjects were diagnosed with NAFLD by abdominal ultrasound examination and the consumption of alcohol was less than 40g/day for men or less...

Newborn 2D materials for flexible energy conversion and storage

continued his studies as a PhD candidate under the supervision of Prof. Lei Fu in the College of Chemistry and Molecular Science at Wuhan University. His current research is focused on the controllable growth ... . Lei Fu in the College of Chemistry and Molecular Science at Wuhan University. Her current research is mainly focused on the application of two-dimensional materials in lithium ion batteries. Lei Fu

Experimental validation of an integrated optimization design of a radial turbine for micro gas turbines

China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2012M521769) ORCID: Lei FU The aerodynamic performance, structural strength, and wheel weight are three important factors in the design process of the radial

Differences in Copper Absorption and Accumulation between Copper-Exclusion and Copper-Enrichment Plants: A Comparison of Structure and Physiological Responses

Differences in copper (Cu) absorption and transport, physiological responses and structural characteristics between two types of Cu-resistant plants, Oenothera glazioviana (Cu-exclusion type) and Elsholtzia haichowensis (Cu-enrichment type), were investigated in the present study. The results indicated the following: (1) After 50 μM Cu treatment, the Cu ratio in the xylem vessels...

HSPD1 Interacts with IRF3 to Facilitate Interferon-Beta Induction

The production of IFN- I (IFN-α/β) is one of the earliest and most important host-protective responses. Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is a critical transcriptional factor in the IFN-β signaling pathway. Although significant progress has been achieved in the regulation of IRF3, the process may be more complicated than previously considered. In the present study, heat shock...

Diabetes and Risk of Parkinson's Disease: An Updated Meta-Analysis of Case-Control Studies

Background Whether diabetes increases the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) is still inconclusive. The objective of this updated meta-analysis is to synthesize evidence from case-control studies that evaluated the association between diabetes and the risk of PD. Methods Seven databases were searched to identify case-control studies that evaluated the association between diabetes...

The Causal Effect of Vitamin D Binding Protein (DBP) Levels on Calcemic and Cardiometabolic Diseases: A Mendelian Randomization Study

In this study, Richards and colleagues undertook a Mendelian randomization study to determine whether vitamin D binding protein (DBP) levels have a causal effect on common calcemic and cardiometabolic diseases. They concluded that DBP has no demonstrable causal effect on any of the diseases or traits investigated here, except Vit D levels. Please see later in the article for the...

Association of CHRNA5-A3-B4 Variation with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Risk and Smoking Behaviors in a Chinese Population

Background CHRNA5-A3-B4, the gene cluster encoding nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits, is associated with lung cancer risk and smoking behaviors in people of European descent. Because cigarette smoking is also a major risk factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), we investigated the associations between variants in CHRNA5-A3-B4 and ESCC risk, as well as...

High-Resolution Analyses of Human Leukocyte Antigens Allele and Haplotype Frequencies Based on 169,995 Volunteers from the China Bone Marrow Donor Registry Program

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a widely used and effective therapy for hematopoietic malignant diseases and numerous other disorders. High-resolution human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype frequency distributions not only facilitate individual donor searches but also determine the probability with which a particular patient can find HLA-matched donors in a...

Dissecting the roles of DR4, DR5 and c-FLIP in the regulation of Geranylgeranyltransferase I inhibition-mediated augmentation of TRAIL-induced apoptosis

Background Geranylgeranyltransferase I (GGTase I) has emerged as a cancer therapeutic target. Accordingly, small molecules that inhibit GGTase I have been developed and exhibit encouraging anticancer activity in preclinical studies. However, their underlying anticancer mechanisms remain unclear. Here we have demonstrated a novel mechanism by which GGTase I inhibition modulates...

c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase-dependent upregulation of DR5 mediates cooperative induction of apoptosis by perifosine and TRAIL

Background Perifosine, an alkylphospholipid tested in phase II clinical trials, modulates the extrinsic apoptotic pathway and cooperates with tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) to augment apoptosis. The current study focuses on revealing the mechanisms by which perifosine enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Results The combination of perifosine and...

CLIN-RADIATION THERAPY

Skull base tumors are challenging lesions for neurosurgeons, but these cannot always be removed via surgical resection. Helical tomotherapy (HT) delivers small beamlets of photons in continuous rotational treatment arcs and has an advantage of soft-tissue verification using computed tomography. We present our experience with HT for skull base tumors when the tumors were not...