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Search: authors:"Lijun Bi"

11 papers found.
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Mutagenesis of mNeptune Red-Shifts Emission Spectrum to 681-685 nm

GFP-like fluorescent proteins with diverse emission wavelengths have been developed through mutagenesis, offering many possible choices in cellular and tissue imaging, such as multi-targets imaging, deep tissue imaging that require longer emission wavelength. Here, we utilized a combined approach of random mutation and structure-based rational design to develop new NIR...

Recognition and processing of double-stranded DNA by ExoX, a distributive 3′–5′ exonuclease

Members of the DnaQ superfamily are major 3′–5′ exonucleases that degrade either only single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) or both ssDNA and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). However, the mechanism by which dsDNA is recognized and digested remains unclear. Exonuclease X (ExoX) is a distributive DnaQ exonuclease that cleaves both ssDNA and dsDNA substrates. Here, we report the crystal...

Determination of the Crystal Structure and Active Residues of FabV, the Enoyl-ACP Reductase from Xanthomonas oryzae

Background Enoyl-ACP reductase (ENR) catalyses the last reduction reaction in the fatty acid elongation cycle in bacteria and is a good antimicrobial target candidate. FabV is the most recently discovered class of ENR, but we lack information about the atomic structure and the key residues involved in reductase activity except for the known conserved tyrosine and lysine residues...

Cytokine and Antibody Based Diagnostic Algorithms for Sputum Culture-Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Background Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most serious infectious diseases globally and has high mortality rates. A variety of diagnostic tests are available, yet none are wholly reliable. Serum cytokines, although significantly and frequently induced by different diseases and thus good biomarkers for disease diagnosis and prognosis, are not sufficiently disease-specific. TB...

Identification of Intermediate-Size Non-Coding RNAs Involved in the UV-Induced DNA Damage Response in C. elegans

Background A network of DNA damage response (DDR) mechanisms functions coordinately to maintain genome integrity and prevent disease. The Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER) pathway is known to function in the response to UV-induced DNA damage. Although numbers of coding genes and miRNAs have been identified and reported to participate in UV-induced DNA damage response (UV-DDR), the...

Identification of Serum microRNA Biomarkers for Tuberculosis Using RNA-seq

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant human health issue. More effective biomarkers for use in tuberculosis prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, including markers that can discriminate between healthy individuals and those with latent infection, are urgently needed. To identify a set of such markers, we used Solexa sequencing to examine microRNA expression in the serum of...

Mycobacterium fluoroquinolone resistance protein B, a novel small GTPase, is involved in the regulation of DNA gyrase and drug resistance

DNA gyrase plays a vital role in resolving DNA topological problems and is the target of antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones. Mycobacterium fluoroquinolone resistance protein A (MfpA) from Mycobacterium smegmatis is a newly identified DNA gyrase inhibitor that is believed to confer intrinsic resistance to fluoroquinolones. However, MfpA does not prevent drug-induced inhibition...

The dimer state of GyrB is an active form: implications for the initial complex assembly and processive strand passage

In a previous study, we presented the dimer structure of DNA gyrase B′ domain (GyrB C-terminal domain) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis and proposed a ‘sluice-like’ model for T-segment transport. However, the role of the dimer structure is still not well understood. Cross-linking and analytical ultracentrifugation experiments showed that the dimer structure exists both in the B...

Experimental RNomics and genomic comparative analysis reveal a large group of species-specific small non-message RNAs in the silkworm Bombyx mori

Accumulating evidences show that small non-protein coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play important roles in development, stress response and other cellular processes. The silkworm is an important model for studies on insect genetics and control of lepidopterous pests. Here, we have performed the first systematic identification and analysis of intermediate size ncRNAs (50–500 nt) in the...

Crystal structure of DNA gyrase B′ domain sheds lights on the mechanism for T-segment navigation

DNA gyrase is an indispensible marvelous molecular machine in manipulating the DNA topology for the prokaryotes. In the ‘two-gate’ mechanism of DNA topoisomerase, T-segment navigation from N- to DNA-gate is a critical step, but the structural basis supporting this scheme is unclear. The crystal structure of DNA gyrase B′ subfragment from Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals an...

Rad9 plays an important role in DNA mismatch repair through physical interaction with MLH1

Rad9 is conserved from yeast to humans and plays roles in DNA repair (homologous recombination repair, and base-pair excision repair) and cell cycle checkpoint controls. It has not previously been reported whether Rad9 is involved in DNA mismatch repair (MMR). In this study, we have demonstrated that both human and mouse Rad9 interacts physically with the MMR protein MLH1...