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Energy efficient power allocation strategy for 5G carrier aggregation scenario

Carrier aggregation (CA) is considered to be a potential technology in next generation wireless communications. While boosting system throughput, CA has also put forward challenges to the resource allocation problems. In this paper, we firstly construct the energy efficiency optimization problem and prove that the function is strictly quasi concave. Then we propose a binary ...

Volume expansion of periaqueductal gray in episodic migraine: a pilot MRI structural imaging study

Background The periaqueductal gray (PAG) dysfunction was recognized in migraine, and the nonspecific PAG lesions were also observed in episodic migraine (EM) recently. However, the PAG volume change was not totally detected in EM up to now. Herein, the aim of this study was to investigate altered PAG volume in EM patients based on high resolution brain structural image. Methods The ...

Volumetric abnormalities of thalamic subnuclei in medication-overuse headache

Background The thalamus exerts a pivotal role in pain processing and cortical excitability control and a previous voxel-based morphometry study confirmed increased volume in bilateral thalamus in medication-overuse headache (MOH). The aim of this study is to investigate altered thalamic subnuclei volume in MOH compared with normal controls, and to evaluate the relationship of each ...

Disrupted functional connectivity of periaqueductal gray subregions in episodic migraine

Lin Ma 1 Shengyuan Yu 0 0 Department of Neurology, Chinese PLA General Hospital , 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853 , China 1 Department of Radiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital , 28 Fuxing Road

Altered functional connectivity architecture of the brain in medication overuse headache using resting state fMRI

Background Functional connectivity density (FCD) could identify the abnormal intrinsic and spontaneous activity over the whole brain, and a seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) could further reveal the altered functional network with the identified brain regions. This may be an effective assessment strategy for headache research. This study is to investigate the ...

Texture features of periaqueductal gray in the patients with medication-overuse headache

Background Periaqueductal gray (PAG) is the descending pain modulatory center, and PAG dysfunction had been recognized in migraine. Here we propose to investigate altered PAG texture features (quantitative approach for extracting texture descriptors for images) in the patients with medication-overuse headache (MOH) based on high resolution brain structural image to understand the ...

Volume gain of periaqueductal gray in medication-overuse headache

Background Periaqueductal gray (PAG) is a substantial descending pain modulatory center, and previous voxel-based morphometry study confirmed the clusters with increased volume in PAG region in medication-overuse headache (MOH). The aim of this study is to investigate altered PAG volume in MOH using an automated PAG segment method to measure the true PAG volume. Methods High ...

Altered functional connectivity of amygdala underlying the neuromechanism of migraine pathogenesis

Background The amygdala is a large grey matter complex in the limbic system, and it may contribute in the neurolimbic pain network in migraine. However, the detailed neuromechanism remained to be elucidated. The objective of this study is to investigate the amygdala structural and functional changes in migraine and to elucidate the mechanism of neurolimbic pain-modulating in the ...

Nonspecific periaqueductal gray lesions on T2WI in episodic migraine

Background The specific periaqueductal gray (PAG) lesions with migraine-like headache were easily identified on conventional MR images in clinical practice, and the aim of this study is to investigate the nonspecific periaqueductal gray (PAG) lesions in episodic migraine (EM) patients based on T2 weighted imaging (T2WI). Methods T2WI images were obtained from 18 EM patients and 18 ...

Altered functional connectivity of the marginal division in migraine: a resting-state fMRI study

Background The marginal division of neostriatum (MrD) is a flat, pan-shaped zone between the neostriatum and the globus pallidus, and previous documents demonstrated that it was involved in the modulation of pain. The aim of this study is to investigate the roles of the MrD of the human brain in the chronicization migraine using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging ...

Case report of hepatic artery dissection secondary to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after living donor liver transplantation

Background Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP) and Hepatic artery dissection are rare vascular complications after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), which may lead to graft loss and death of the recipients. Conventional gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound, as well as contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), play important roles in identifying vascular complications in the early ...

Mammographic texture and risk of breast cancer by tumor type and estrogen receptor status

Background Several studies have shown that mammographic texture features are associated with breast cancer risk independent of the contribution of breast density. Thus, texture features may provide novel information for risk stratification. We examined the association of a set of established texture features with breast cancer risk by tumor type and estrogen receptor (ER) status, ...

Mammographic texture and risk of breast cancer by tumor type and estrogen receptor status

Background Several studies have shown that mammographic texture features are associated with breast cancer risk independent of the contribution of breast density. Thus, texture features may provide novel information for risk stratification. We examined the association of a set of established texture features with breast cancer risk by tumor type and estrogen receptor (ER) status, ...

Assessment and parameter identification of simplified models to describe the kinetics of semi-continuous biomethane production from anaerobic digestion of green and food waste

Biochemical reactions occurring during anaerobic digestion have been modelled using reaction kinetic equations such as first-order, Contois and Monod which are then combined to form mechanistic models. This work considers models which include between one and three biochemical reactions to investigate if the choice of the reaction rate equation, complexity of the model structure as ...

The Complex Pre-Execution Stage of Auditory Cognitive Control: ERPs Evidence from Stroop Tasks

Cognitive control has been extensively studied from Event-Related Potential (ERP) point of view in visual modality using Stroop paradigms. Little work has been done in auditory Stroop paradigms, and inconsistent conclusions have been reported, especially on the conflict detection stage of cognitive control. This study investigated the early ERP components in an auditory Stroop ...

Multifaceted Modelling of Complex Business Enterprises

We formalise and present a new generic multifaceted complex system approach for modelling complex business enterprises. Our method has a strong focus on integrating the various data types available in an enterprise which represent the diverse perspectives of various stakeholders. We explain the challenges faced and define a novel approach to converting diverse data types into ...

Hepatic falciform ligament clear cell myomelanocytic tumor: A case report and a comprehensive review of the literature on perivascular epithelioid cell tumors

Background The objective of the study was to explore the clinical expression, radiological and pathological features, differential diagnosis, and biological behavior of a clear cell myomelanocytic tumor. In a case involving a clear cell myomelanocytic tumor located in the hepatic falciform ligament, we evaluated clinical expression, radiological characteristics, histopathology, ...

Small RNA and Degradome Sequencing Reveal Complex Roles of miRNAs and Their Targets in Developing Wheat Grains

Plant microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to play critical roles in plant development. In this study, we employed small RNA combined with degradome sequencing to survey development-related miRNAs and their validated targets during wheat grain development. A total of 186 known miRNAs and 37 novel miRNAs were identified in four small RNA libraries. Moreover, a miRNA-like long hairpin ...

A phase II study of Endostatin in combination with paclitaxel, carboplatin, and radiotherapy in patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer

analyses. This work was sponsored in part by grants from Cancer Foundation of China key project(to Sheng-Lin Ma, No.1002) and Zhejiang Provincial Program for the Cultivation of High-level Innovative Health

The efficacy of postoperative radiotherapy in localized primary soft tissue sarcoma treated with conservative surgery

Background To evaluate the efficacy of postoperative radiotherapy (RT) on local failure-free survival (LFFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with localized primary soft tissue sarcoma (STS) and to identify prognostic factors. Methods and materials Between January 2000 and July 2010, 220 consecutive patients with localized primary STS, ...