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SIK1-LNC represses the proliferative, migrative, and invasive abilities of lung cancer cells

SIK1-LNC represses the proliferative, migrative, and invasive abilities of lung cancer cells Liu Yang,1,* Nianlin Xie,2,* Jingyu Huang,3,* Hu Huang,4,* Shaogan Xu,5 Zhigang Wang,4 Jun Cai6

Toward TiO2 Nanofluids—Part 2: Applications and Challenges

The research about nanofluids has been explosively increasing due to their fascinating properties in heat or mass transportation, fluidity, and dispersion stability for energy system applications (e.g., solar collectors, refrigeration, heat pipes, and energy storage). This second part of the review summarizes recent research on application of TiO2 nanofluids and identifies the...

Toward TiO2 Nanofluids—Part 1: Preparation and Properties

As a new generation of working fluid, nanofluid has long been regarded as a hot research topic in the past three decades. Many review papers have provided comprehensive and systematic summaries on the development and state-of-the-art of nanofluids. As of today, it is becoming increasingly difficult to provide a comprehensive review of all kinds of nanofluids owing to the huge...

Optically Active Plasmonic Metasurfaces based on the Hybridization of In-Plane Coupling and Out-of-Plane Coupling

Plasmonic metasurfaces have attracted much attention in recent years owing to many promising prospects of applications such as polarization switching, local electric field enhancement (FE), near-perfect absorption, sensing, slow-light devices, and nanoantennas. However, many problems in these applications, like only gigahertz switching speeds of electro-optical switches, low...

A Broadband Spectrum Sensing Algorithm in TDCS Based on ICoSaMP Reconstruction

In order to solve the problem that the wideband compressive sensing reconstruction algorithm cannot accurately recover the signal under the condition of blind sparsity in the low SNR environment of the transform domain communication system. This paper use band occupancy rates to estimate sparseness roughly, at the same time, use the residual ratio threshold as iteration...

Influence of Ti(C,N) precipitates on austenite growth of micro-alloyed steel during continuous casting

Austenite grain size is an important influence factor for ductility of steel at high temperatures during continuous casting. Thermodynamic and kinetics calculations were performed to analyze the characteristics of Ti(C,N) precipitates formed during the continuous casting of micro-alloyed steel. Based on Andersen-Grong equation, a coupling model of second phase precipitation and...

RNA-splicing factor SART3 regulates translesion DNA synthesis

Translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) is one mode of DNA damage tolerance that uses specialized DNA polymerases to replicate damaged DNA. DNA polymerase η (Polη) is well known to facilitate TLS across ultraviolet (UV) irradiation and mutations in POLH are implicated in skin carcinogenesis. However, the basis for recruitment of Polη to stalled replication forks is not completely...

Linc-RoR promotes MAPK/ERK signaling and confers estrogen-independent growth of breast cancer

The conversion from estrogen-dependent to estrogen-independent state of ER+ breast cancer cells is the key step to promote resistance to endocrine therapies. Although the crucial role of MAPK/ERK signaling pathway in estrogen-independent breast cancer cell growth is well established, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we profiled lncRNA expression...

Pellet coculture of osteoarthritic chondrocytes and infrapatellar fat pad-derived mesenchymal stem cells with chitosan/hyaluronic acid nanoparticles promotes chondrogenic differentiation

Background Cell source plays a key role in cell-based cartilage repair and regeneration. Recent efforts in cell coculture have attempted to combine the advantages and negate the drawbacks of the constituent cell types. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chondrogenic outcome of articular chondrocytes (ACs) and infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP)-derived mesenchymal stem cells...

Arthroscopic arthrodesis for ankle arthritis without bone graft

Background Ankle arthrodesis is considered by many to be the standard operative treatment for end-stage ankle arthritis. The purpose of this study was to perform a new technique for ankle joint surface and determine the outcome for the union rates of ankle arthroscopic arthrodesis. Methods A total of 68 patients with posttraumatic arthritis, primary osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid...

Positive solution of a system of integral equations with applications to boundary value problems of differential equations

Yang In this paper, by using the Guo-Krasnoselskii theorem, we investigate the existence and nonexistence of positive solutions of a system of integral equation with parameters which can be seen as an

Multiplicity of solutions for fractional Schrödinger equations with perturbation

In this paper, we investigate a class of fractional Schrödinger equations with perturbation. By using the mountain pass theorem and Ekeland’s variational principle, we see that such equations possess two solutions. Recent results in the literature are generalized and significantly improved. MSC: 34B15.

Identification of microRNA expression profiles in the gill, intestine and hepatic caecum of Branchiostoma belcheri

1 7 0 -220 R i m e b10 b 0 Gill Gill F 150 Xin Liao, Liu Yang, Xi Chen and Juanyuan Chen declare that they have no conflict of interest. All institutional and national guidelines for the care and ... , and indicate if changes were made. Xin Liao and Liu Yang have contributed equally to this work Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s13238-016-0365-3

Explore the Application of Financial Engineering in the Management of Exchange Rate Risk

In the background where the domestic enterprises commonly have a weak protection consciousness against the exchange rate risk, this article makes a deep analysis based on the definition of exchange rate risk and its cause. By comparison of the traditional management method of exchange rate risk with another one based on financial engineering tools, it also deeply analyzes the...

Adipose tissue macrophage in immune regulation of metabolism

The prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes is escalating to an epidemic proportion worldwide. Obesity is known to be associated with a state of chronic, low-grade inflammation. Emerging lines of evidence have shown that both innate and adaptive immune responses play crucial roles in the control of metabolic homeostasis. Macrophages in adipose tissues are the essential effector...

Characterization of LhSorP5CS, a gene catalyzing proline synthesis in Oriental hybrid lily Sorbonne: molecular modelling and expression analysis

Background Abiotic stresses negatively affect plant growth and flower production. In plants, P5CS proteins are key enzymes that catalyzed the rate-limiting steps of proline synthesis, and proline is a well-known osmoprotectant that is closely related to abiotic stress tolerance. However, information about the P5CS genes, their effects on proline accumulation, and their role in...

Existence and multiplicity of periodic solutions generated by impulses

Liu Yang In this paper, we investigate the existence and multiplicity of periodic solutions for a class of p-Laplacian systems with impulses. By using variational methods and critical point theory

On the existence of solution to a boundary value problem of fractional differential equation on the infinite interval

This work deals with a boundary value problem for a nonlinear multi-point fractional differential equation on the infinite interval. By constructing the proper function spaces and the norm, we overcome the difficulty following from the noncompactness of [ 0 , ∞ ) . By using the Schauder fixed point theorem, we show the existence of one solution with suitable growth conditions...

A Dual Filtration-Based Multiplex PCR Method for Simultaneous Detection of Viable Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus on Fresh-Cut Cantaloupe

Fresh-cut cantaloupe is particularly susceptible to contamination with pathogenic bacteria, such as Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore, development of rapid, yet accurate detection techniques is necessary to ensure food safety. In this study, a multiplex PCR system and propidium monoazide (PMA) concentration were optimized to...