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Nutritional profile of Indian vegetarian diets – the Indian Migration Study (IMS)

Background The cardiovascular and other health benefits and potential harms of protein and micronutrient deficiency of vegetarian diets continue to be debated. Methods Study participants included urban migrants, their rural siblings and urban residents (n = 6555, mean age - 40.9 yrs) of the Indian Migration Study from Lucknow, Nagpur, Hyderabad and Bangalore. Information on diet...

The Long Term Impact of Cataract Surgery on Quality of Life, Activities and Poverty: Results from a Six Year Longitudinal Study in Bangladesh and the Philippines

Background Cataract surgery has been shown to improve quality of life and household economy in the short term. However, it is unclear whether these benefits are sustained over time. This study aims to assess the six year impact of cataract surgery on health related quality of life (HRQoL), daily activities and economic poverty in Bangladesh and The Philippines. Methods and...

The Association between a Vegetarian Diet and Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Risk Factors in India: The Indian Migration Study

Background Studies in the West have shown lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among people taking a vegetarian diet, but these findings may be confounded and only a minority selects these diets. We evaluated the association between vegetarian diets (chosen by 35%) and CVD risk factors across four regions of India. Methods Study participants included urban migrants, their...

Associations between diet, physical activity and body fat distribution: a cross sectional study in an Indian population

Background Obesity is a growing health problem in India and worldwide, due to changes in lifestyle. This study aimed to explore the independent associations between dietary and physical activity exposure variables and total body fat and distribution in an Indian setting. Methods Individuals who had participated in the Indian Migration Study (IMS) or the Andhra Pradesh Children...

Association between Milk and Milk Product Consumption and Anthropometric Measures in Adult Men and Women in India: A Cross-Sectional Study

Background The nutritional aetiology of obesity remains unclear, especially with regard to the role of dairy products in developing countries. Objective To examine whether milk/milk product consumption is associated with obesity and high waist circumference among adult Indians. Methods Information on plain milk, tea, curd and buttermilk/lassi consumption assessed using a Food...

The Association of Early Life Supplemental Nutrition With Lean Body Mass and Grip Strength in Adulthood: Evidence From APCAPS

Bharati Kulkarni ) Hannah Kuper K. V. Radhakrishna Andrew P. Hills Nuala M. Byrne Amy Taylor Ruth Sullivan Liza Bowen Jonathan C. Wells Yoav Ben-Shlomo George Davey Smith Shah Ebrahim Sanjay Kinra

Dietary Intake and Rural-Urban Migration in India: A Cross-Sectional Study

Background Migration from rural areas of India contributes to urbanisation and lifestyle change, and dietary changes may increase the risk of obesity and chronic diseases. We tested the hypothesis that rural-to-urban migrants have different macronutrient and food group intake to rural non-migrants, and that migrants have a diet more similar to urban non-migrants. Methods and...

Association Study of 25 Type 2 Diabetes Related Loci with Measures of Obesity in Indian Sib Pairs

Obesity is an established risk factor for type 2 diabetes (T2D) and they are metabolically related through the mechanism of insulin resistance. In order to explore how common genetic variants associated with T2D correlate with body mass index (BMI), we examined the influence of 25 T2D associated loci on obesity risk. We used 5056 individuals (2528 sib-pairs) recruited in Indian...

Association Between Urban Life-Years and Cardiometabolic Risk: The Indian Migration Study

The Indian Migration Study 0 0 Tropical Medicine , Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom ( 1 , Elisabeth Andersen, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Liza Bowen, Tanica Lyngdoh, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Kolli ... . ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Author affiliations: Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom (Sanjay Kinra, Elisabeth Andersen, Liza Bowen, Shah

Evaluation of seven common lipid associated loci in a large Indian sib pair study

Sajjad Rafiq 0 1 Kranthi Kumar M Venkata Vipin Gupta DG Vinay Charles J Spurgeon Smitha Parameshwaran Sandeep N Madana Sanjay Kinra 0 Liza Bowen 0 Nicholas J Timpson George Davey Smith Frank

The Effect of Rural-to-Urban Migration on Obesity and Diabetes in India: A Cross-Sectional Study

Shah Ebrahim and colleagues examine the distribution of obesity, diabetes, and other cardiovascular risk factors among urban migrant factory workers in India, together with their rural siblings. The investigators identify patterns of change of cardiovascular risk factors associated with urban migration.