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How Different Types of Meditation Can Enhance Athletic Performance Depending on the Specific Sport Skills

Long-term engagement in mindfulness meditation has been found to be effective in achieving optimal athletic performance through decreasing the level of anxiety, ruminative thinking, and enhancing the experience of flow. Besides long-term training effects, the past years have seen an increasing interest in the impact of single bouts of meditation on cognition. In particular, focused ...

Meditation and Metacontrol

In addition to longer-term engagement in meditation, the past years have seen an increasing interest in the impact of single bouts of meditation on cognition. In this hypothesis and theory article, we adopt the distinction between focused-attention meditation (FAM) and open-monitoring meditation (OMM) and argue that these different types of meditation have different, to some ...

The effect of gamma-enhancing binaural beats on the control of feature bindings

Binaural beats represent the auditory experience of an oscillating sound that occurs when two sounds with neighboring frequencies are presented to one’s left and right ear separately. Binaural beats have been shown to impact information processing via their putative role in increasing neural synchronization. Recent studies of feature-repetition effects demonstrated interactions ...

Sequence Learning Enhancement Following Single-Session Meditation Is Dependent on Metacontrol Mode and Experienced Effort

Focused attention (FAM) and open monitoring (OMM) meditation types establish distinct metacontrol states that have immediate effects on how attention allocation strategies are utilised in subsequent, unrelated tasks. Because attention allocation is a central factor in sequential action, the present experiment investigated whether a single-session of FAM and OMM enhanced subsequent ...

Editorial

Research and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University , Leiden , The Netherlands 2 Lorenza S. Colzato - Higher, faster, more this is what my trainer used to tell me before every fencing ... Starting up a new journal is an outstanding possibility to con- sider the directions into which the targeted field is currently heading. The journal will put research on cognitive enhance Lorenza S

Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and Neural Entrainment Enhance Athletic Performance—a Review

Brain stimulation and neural entrainment relying on noninvasive techniques, applied to sports, might enhance brain activity in healthy athletes to improve their physical performance. In the past, several studies have employed stimulation procedures, either during athletic training or during separate sessions, to enhance physical and mental performance. Here, we review the available ...

More attentional focusing through binaural beats: evidence from the global–local task

, Institute for Psychological Research and Leiden Institute for Brain and Cognition, Leiden University , Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333, AK, Leiden , The Netherlands 1 & Lorenza S. Colzato A recent study showed that

With peppermints you’re not my prince: Aroma modulates self-other integration

Recent studies showed that self-other integration, as indexed by the joint Simon effect (JSE), can be modulated by biasing participants towards particular (integrative vs. exclusive) cognitive-control states. Interestingly, there is evidence suggesting that such control states can be induced by particular odors: stimulating odors (e.g., peppermint aroma) seem to induce a more ...

Erratum to: Attentional control in the attentional blink is modulated by odor

Netherlands 2 Lorenza S. Colzato Please find below a list of corrections made to this article. 1) Two sentences in the article's General method section should be eliminated because they have been incorrectly

Action Video Gaming and Cognitive Control: Playing First Person Shooter Games Is Associated with Improved Action Cascading but Not Inhibition

There is a constantly growing interest in developing efficient methods to enhance cognitive functioning and/or to ameliorate cognitive deficits. One particular line of research focuses on the possibly cognitive enhancing effects that action video game (AVG) playing may have on game players. Interestingly, AVGs, especially first person shooter games, require gamers to develop ...

“Unfocus” on foc.us: commercial tDCS headset impairs working memory

from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) awarded to Lorenza S. Colzato (Vidi grant: #452-12-001). We would like to thank Annelies de Haan for her support in designing the figures

Cannabis and creativity: highly potent cannabis impairs divergent thinking in regular cannabis users

Rationale Cannabis users often claim that cannabis has the potential to enhance their creativity. Research suggests that aspects of creative performance might be improved when intoxicated with cannabis; however, the evidence is not conclusive. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of cannabis on creativity. Methods We examined the effects of ...

Cognitive control of feature bindings: evidence from children with autistic spectrum disorder

Understanding how the brain integrates features from different domains that are processed in distinct cortical regions calls for the examination of integration processes. Recent studies of feature-repetition effects demonstrated interactions across perceptual features and action-related features: repeating only some features of the perception–action episode hinders performance. ...

Decreased Spontaneous Eye Blink Rates in Chronic Cannabis Users: Evidence for Striatal Cannabinoid-Dopamine Interactions

Chronic cannabis use has been shown to block long-term depression of GABA-glutamate synapses in the striatum, which is likely to reduce the extent to which endogenous cannabinoids modulate GABA- and glutamate-related neuronal activity. The current study aimed at investigating the effect of this process on striatal dopamine levels by studying the spontaneous eye blink rate (EBR), a ...

Increasing self–other integration through divergent thinking

Lorenza S. Colzato 0 Wery P. M. van den Wildenberg 0 Bernhard Hommel 0 0 W. P. M. van den Wildenberg Amsterdam Center for the Study of Adaptive Control in Brain and Behaviour (Acacia) Psychology

Recreational cocaine polydrug use impairs cognitive flexibility but not working memory

Lorenza S. Colzato 0 Maritte Huizinga 0 Bernhard Hommel 0 0 M. Huizinga Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam , Amsterdam, The Netherlands Rationale Chronic use of cocaine is associated

Loving-kindness brings loving-kindness: The impact of Buddhism on cognitive self–other integration

Common wisdom has it that Buddhism enhances compassion and self–other integration. We put this assumption to empirical test by comparing practicing Taiwanese Buddhists with well-matched atheists. Buddhists showed more evidence of self–other integration in the social Simon task, which assesses the degree to which people co-represent the actions of a coactor. This suggests that ...

Khat Use Is Associated with Impaired Working Memory and Cognitive Flexibility

Rationale Khat consumption has increased during the last decades in Eastern Africa and has become a global phenomenon spreading to ethnic communities in the rest of the world, such as The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. Very little is known, however, about the relation between khat use and cognitive control functions in khat users. Objective We studied ...

Reduced Attentional Scope in Cocaine Polydrug Users

Cocaine is Europe's second preferred recreational drug after cannabis but very little is known about possible cognitive impairments in the upcoming type of recreational cocaine user (monthly consumption). We asked whether recreational use of cocaine impacts early attentional selection processes. Cocaine-free polydrug controls (n = 18) and cocaine polydrug users (n = 18) were ...