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Search: authors:"Lungowe Njobvu"

6 papers found.
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Findings from a comprehensive diarrhoea prevention and treatment programme in Lusaka, Zambia

Background The Programme for the Awareness and Elimination of Diarrhoea (PAED) was a pilot comprehensive diarrhoea prevention and control programme aimed to reduce post-neonatal, all-cause under-five mortality by 15 % in Lusaka Province. Interventions included introduction of the rotavirus vaccine, improved clinical case management of diarrhoea, and a comprehensive community...

A Preliminary Assessment of Rotavirus Vaccine Effectiveness in Zambia

Background. Diarrhea is the third leading cause of child death in Zambia. Up to one-third of diarrhea cases resulting in hospitalization and/or death are caused by vaccine-preventable rotavirus. In January 2012, Zambia initiated a pilot introduction of the Rotarix live, oral rotavirus vaccine in all public health facilities in Lusaka Province. Methods. Between July 2012 and...

Cytokine activation is predictive of mortality in Zambian patients with AIDS-related diarrhoea

Background Mortality in Zambian AIDS patients is high, especially in patients with diarrhoea, and there is still unacceptably high mortality in Zambian patients just starting anti-retroviral therapy. We set out to determine if high concentrations of serum cytokines correlate with mortality. Methods Serum samples from 30 healthy controls (HIV seropositive and seronegative) and 50...

PREVALENCE AND PREDICTORS OF INTESTINAL HELMINTH INFECTIONS AMONG HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1–INFECTED ADULTS IN AN URBAN AFRICAN SETTING

Sub-Saharan Africa is disproportionately burdened by intestinal helminth and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection. Recent evidence suggests detrimental immunologic effects from concomitant infection with the two pathogens. Few studies, however, have assessed the prevalence of and predictors for intestinal helminth infection among HIV-1–infected adults in urban African...

Treatment of Intestinal Helminths Does Not Reduce Plasma Concentrations of HIV-1 RNA in Coinfected Zambian Adults

BackgroundInfection with intestinal helminths may stimulate dysfunctional immune responses in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–infected persons. Studies have yielded conflicting results regarding the impact of antihelminthic treatment on plasma concentrations of HIV-1 RNA MethodsWe conducted a prospective study of 54 HIV-1– and helminth-coinfected and 57 HIV-1–infected...

Effectiveness of Non-nucleoside Reverse-Transcriptase Inhibitor-Based Antiretroviral Therapy in Women Previously Exposed to a Single Intrapartum Dose of Nevirapine: A Multi-country, Prospective Cohort Study

In a comparative cohort study, Jeffrey Stringer and colleagues investigate the risk of ART failure in women who received single-dose nevirapine for PMTCT, and assess the duration of increased risk.