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Ultrastructural and cytochemical aspects of female gametophyte development in Sedum hispanicum L. (Crassulaceae)

0 Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, Faculty of Biology, University of Gdańsk , 59 Wita Stwosza Street, 80-308 Gdańsk , Poland 1 Małgorzata Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno Until now, development of

Rooting affects the photosystem II activity: in vitro and ex vitro studies on energy hybrid sorrel

Rumex tianschanicus × Rumex patientia is a high-biomass-yielding plant suitable for fuel and biogas production. The protocol of the hybrid sorrel micropropagation was used to study the changes in the photosystem II (PSII) activity as well as to analyse the ultrastructure of the chloroplasts. The lowest effective PSII quantum yield [Y(II)] and an apparent electron transport rate of ...

Integument cell gelatinisation—the fate of the integumentary cells in Hieracium and Pilosella (Asteraceae)

Members of the genera Hieracium and Pilosella are model plants that are used to study the mechanisms of apomixis. In order to have a proper understanding of apomixis, knowledge about the relationship between the maternal tissue and the gametophyte is needed. In the genus Pilosella, previous authors have described the specific process of the “liquefaction” of the integument cells ...

Floral structure of two species of Bulbophyllum section Cirrhopetalum Lindl.: B. weberi Ames and B. cumingii (Lindl.) Rchb. f. (Bulbophyllinae Schltr., Orchidaceae)

Flowers of Bulbophyllum weberi and B. cumingii are characterized by fly-pollinated features. The secretory activity was described in dorsal sepals in both species (putative osmophores), petals in B. weberi (possible osmophores) and adaxial surface of lips in both species. In the cells of dorsal sepals and petals of B. weberi proteins, dihydroxyphenols, lipids and starch grains were ...

Identification of symplasmic domains in the embryo and seed of Sedum acre L. (Crassulaceae)

, Jagiellon ́ska 28, 40-032 Katowice , Poland 2 & Małgorzata Kozieradzka-Kiszkurno 3 Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, University of Gdan ́sk , Wita Stwosza 59, 80-308 Gdan ́sk , Poland Main

Morphological, histological and ultrastructural features of osmophores and nectary of Bulbophyllum wendlandianum (Kraenzl.) Dammer (B. section Cirrhopetalum Lindl., Bulbophyllinae Schltr., Orchidaceae)

The species from Bulbophyllinae are generally regarded as fly-pollinated: myophilous or sapromyophilous. The section Cirrhopetalum is characterized by umbellate inflorescence and elongated lateral sepals. The aim of the floral anatomical investigation (micromorphology, histochemistry, ultrastructure) in Bulbophyllum wendlandianum (section Cirrhopetalum) was the detection of ...

Are obligatory apomicts invested in the pollen tube transmitting tissue? Comparison of the micropyle ultrastructure between sexual and apomictic dandelions (Asteraceae, Lactuceae)

With the exception of the sunflower, little information concerning the micropyle ultrastructure of the family Asteraceae is available. The aim of our study was to compare the micropyle structure in amphimictic and apomictic dandelions. Ultrastructural studies using buds and flowers during anthesis have been done on the micropyle of the sexual and apomictic Taraxacum. In all of the ...

The localization of NADPH oxidase and reactive oxygen species in in vitro-cultured Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. hypocotyls discloses their differing roles in rhizogenesis

This work demonstrated how reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the regulation of rhizogenesis from hypocotyls of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. cultured on a medium containing 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). The increase of NADPH oxidase activity was correlated with an increase of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) content and induction of mitotic activity in vascular cylinder ...

Cytochemical and ultrastructural aspects of aquatic carnivorous plant turions

Turions, which are modified shoot apices, are vegetative, dormant overwintering organs produced by perennial aquatic plants. In this study, the turion cytochemistry and ultrastructure of Aldrovanda vesiculosa, Utricularia vulgaris and U. stygia were compared with particular emphasis placed on storage substances. These three aquatic, rootless carnivorous plant species were studied ...

Are there symplastic connections between the endosperm and embryo in some angiosperms?—a lesson from the Crassulaceae family

It is believed that there is symplastic isolation between the embryo (new sporophyte) and the endosperm (maternal-parental origin tissue, which nourishes the embryo) in angiosperms. However, in embryological literature there are rare examples in which plasmodesmata between the embryo suspensor and endosperm cells have been recorded (three species from Fabaceae). This study was ...

Embryogenesis in Sedum acre L.: structural and immunocytochemical aspects of suspensor development

The changes in the formation of both the actin and the microtubular cytoskeleton during the differentiation of the embryo-suspensor in Sedum acre were studied in comparison with the development of the embryo-proper. The presence and distribution of the cytoskeletal elements were examined ultrastructurally and with the light microscope using immunolabelling and rhodamine-phalloidin ...

Organisation of the endosperm and endosperm–placenta syncytia in bladderworts (Utricularia, Lentibulariaceae) with emphasis on the microtubule arrangement

Multinucleate cells play an important role in higher plants, especially during reproduction; however, the configurations of their cytoskeletons, which are formed as a result of mitosis without cytokinesis, have mainly been studied in coenocytes. Previous authors have proposed that in spite of their developmental origin (cell fusion or mitosis without cytokinesis), in multinucleate ...

The F-actin cytoskeleton in syncytia from non-clonal progenitor cells

The actin cytoskeleton of plant syncytia (a multinucleate cell arising through fusion) is poorly known: to date, there have only been reports about F-actin organization in plant syncytia induced by parasitic nematodes. To broaden knowledge regarding this issue, we analyzed F-actin organization in special heterokaryotic Utricularia syncytia, which arise from maternal sporophytic ...

New data about the suspensor of succulent angiosperms: Ultrastructure and cytochemical study of the embryo-suspensor of Sempervivum arachnoideum L. and Jovibarba sobolifera (Sims) Opiz

The development of the suspensor in two species — Sempervivum arachnoideum and Jovibarba sobolifera — was investigated using cytochemical methods, light and electron microscopy. Cytological processes of differentiation in the embryo-suspensor were compared with the development of embryo-proper. The mature differentiated suspensor consists of a large basal cell and three to four ...

Studies on the ultrastructure of a three-spurred fumeauxiana form of Anacamptis pyramidalis

Floral spurs are regarded as features affecting pollinator behaviour. Anacamptis pyramidalis is regarded as a deceitful, non-rewarding orchid species. In the form fumeauxiana, additional spurs occur on the lateral sepals. In this study we analyse micromorphological and ultrastructural floral features and suggest the mechanism of deception in A. pyramidalis and A. pyramidalis f. ...