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We classify singularities in FRW cosmologies, which dynamics can be reduced to the dynamical system of the Newtonian type. This classification is performed in terms of the geometry of a potential function if it has poles. At the sewn singularity, which is of a finite scale factor type, the singularity in the past meets the singularity in the future. We show that such singularities ...

We study cosmology with running dark energy. The energy density of dark energy is obtained from the quantum process of transition from the false vacuum state to the true vacuum state. We use the Breit–Wigner energy distribution function to model the quantum unstable systems and obtain the energy density of the dark energy parametrization \(\rho _\text {de}(t)\). We also use Krauss ...

Eur. Phys. J. C
Dynamical system approach to running cosmological models
Aleksander Stachowski 1
**Marek** **Szydłowski** 0 1
0 Mark Kac Complex Systems Research Centre, Jagiellonian University , Ł

We investigate further (cf. Borowiec et al. JCAP 1601(01):040, 2016) the Starobinsky cosmological model \(R+\gamma R^2\) in the Palatini formalism with a Chaplygin gas and baryonic matter as a source in the context of singularities. The dynamics reduces to the 2D sewn dynamical system of a Newtonian type (a piece-wise-smooth dynamical system). We demonstrate that the presence of a ...

Recent astronomical observations strongly indicate that the current Universe is undergoing an accelerated phase of its expansion. If the Universe evolution is described by the FRW model then the acceleration should be driven by some perfect substance violating the strong energy condition. Hence the negative pressure is required for the explanation of acceleration. While different ...

Recent astronomical observations have indicated that the Universe is in a phase of accelerated expansion. While there are many cosmological models which try to explain this phenomenon, we focus on the interacting \(\Lambda \)CDM model where an interaction between the dark energy and dark matter sectors takes place. This model is compared to its simpler alternative—the \(\Lambda ...