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From Exclusion to Inclusion—a Stepwise Process: a Qualitative Study of How the Reintegration Process Is Experienced by Young People Previously Living on Streets in the Kagera Region, Tanzania

The aim is to explore how young people, after having lived on the streets, experience the reintegration process of returning to their local community. Individual interviews were conducted with young males having experience of reintegration after having lived on the streets. The results show a step-wise process initially signified by ambivalence, moving back and forth and...

“All is well”: professionals’ documentation of social determinants of health in Swedish Child Health Services health records concerning maltreated children - a mixed method approach

Background Knowledge about social determinants of health has influenced global health strategies, including early childhood interventions. Some psychosocial circumstances – such as poverty, parental mental health problems, abuse and partner violence – increase the risk of child maltreatment and neglect. Healthcare professionals’ awareness of psychosocial issues is of special...

Precarious employment is a risk factor for poor mental health in young individuals in Sweden: a cohort study with multiple follow-ups

Background The globalisation of the economy and the labour markets has resulted in a growing proportion of individuals who find themselves in a precarious labour market situation, especially among the young. This pertains also to the Nordic countries, despite their characterisation as well developed welfare states with active labour market policies. This should be viewed against...

“We no longer live in the old days”: a qualitative study on the role of masculinity and religion for men’s views on violence within marriage in rural Java, Indonesia

Background Previous studies on domestic violence in Indonesia have focused primarily on women’s experiences and little research has been undertaken to understand men’s views on domestic violence or their involvement in the prevention of domestic violence. This study aimed to explore men’s views on masculinity and the use of violence within marriage, in order to gain knowledge on...

Comparisons of weight change, eating habits and physical activity between women in Northern Sweden and Rural New York State- results from a longitudinal study

Background Previous research has focused exclusively on weight loss or weight maintenance following weight loss, i.e. secondary weight maintenance (SWM). The long-term results of SWM have been modest, suggesting that preventing initial weight gain among normal weight or overweight individuals, i.e. primary weight maintenance (PWM), may be more successful. The aim of this study...

Internalizing the threat of risk-a qualitative study about adolescents’ experience living with screening-detected celiac disease 5 years after diagnosis

Background Mass screening could identify those with unrecognized celiac disease (CD), but the experience of being detected through screening and living with screening-detected CD should be explored before considering this as acceptable intervention. For this study we invited screening-detected adolescents to describe their experience living with screening-detected CD five years...

"Immortal but frightened"-smoking adolescents' perceptions on smoking uptake and prevention

Background To curb the tobacco epidemic a combination of comprehensive interventions are needed at different levels. Smoking uptake is a multi-factorial process that includes societal factors as well as social and individual characteristics. An understanding of the process is essential in order to model interventions. The aim of this study was to explore the role of smoking for...

Primary weight maintenance: an observational study exploring candidate variables for intervention

Background Previous studies have focused on weight maintenance following weight loss, i.e. secondary weight maintenance (SWM). The long-term results of SWM have been rather modest and it has been suggested that preventing initial weight gain, i.e. primary weight maintenance (PWM), may be more successful. Therefore, developing a prevention strategy focused on PWM, enabling normal...

"It depends on what you mean": a qualitative study of Swedish health professionals' views on health and health promotion

Emmelin 1 0 Swedish National Institute of Public Health , SE- 831 40 Ostersund , Sweden 1 Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences, Umea International School of Public Health, Public Health and Clinical

Community perceptions of intimate partner violence - a qualitative study from urban Tanzania

Background Intimate partner violence against women is a prevailing public health problem in Tanzania, where four of ten women have a lifetime exposure to physical or sexual violence by their male partners. To be able to suggest relevant and feasible community and health care based interventions, we explored community members' understanding and their responses to intimate partner...

Behind the silence of harmony: risk factors for physical and sexual violence among women in rural Indonesia

Emmelin 0 Rifka Annisa Women's Crisis Center , Yogyakarta , Indonesia Background: Indonesia has the fourth largest population in the world. Few studies have identified the risk factors of Indonesian women

Weight maintenance as a tight rope walk - a Grounded Theory study

Background Overweight and obesity are considerable public health problems internationally as well as in Sweden. The long-term results of obesity treatment are modest as reported by other studies. The importance of extending the focus to not only comprise obesity treatment but also prevention of weight gain is therefore being emphasized. However, despite the suggested change in...

Mass screening for celiac disease from the perspective of newly diagnosed adolescents and their parents: A mixed-method study

Background Mass screening for celiac disease (CD) as a public health intervention is controversial. Prior to implementation, acceptability to the targeted population should be addressed. We aimed at exploring adolescents' and parents' experiences of having the adolescents' CD detected through mass screening, and their attitudes towards possible future mass screening. Methods All...

Self-rated health does not predict 10-year weight change among middle-aged adults in a longitudinal population study

Emmelin 0 Gran Lnnberg 0 Anne N Nafziger 0 0 Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health, Umea University , S-901 87 Umea , Sweden Background: There is a worldwide

Balancing health benefits and social sacrifices: A qualitative study of how screening-detected celiac disease impacts adolescents' quality of life

Background Celiac disease often goes undiagnosed. Mass screening might be an option to reduce the public health burden of untreated celiac disease. However, mass screening is still controversial since it is uncertain whether the benefits of early detection outweigh the possible negative consequences. Before implementation of screening programs, the experiences of those being...

To be seen, confirmed and involved - a ten year follow-up of perceived health and cardiovascular risk factors in a Swedish community intervention programme

Background Public health interventions are directed towards social systems and it is difficult to foresee all consequences. While targeted outcomes may be positively influenced, interventions may at worst be counterproductive. To include self-reported health in an evaluation is one way of addressing possible side-effects. This study is based on a 10 year follow-up of a...