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Search: authors:"Marianna Roselli"

5 papers found.
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Impact of supplementation with a food-derived microbial community on obesity-associated inflammation and gut microbiota composition

Background Obesity is a complex pathology associated with dysbiosis, metabolic alterations, and low-grade chronic inflammation promoted by immune cells, infiltrating and populating the adipose tissue. Probiotic supplementation was suggested to be capable of counteracting obesity-associated immune and microbial alterations, based on its proven immunomodulatory activity and...

Differential protection by cell wall components of Lactobacillus amylovorus DSM 16698 T against alterations of membrane barrier and NF-kB activation induced by enterotoxigenic F4 + Escherichia coli on intestinal cells

Background The role of Lactobacillus cell wall components in the protection against pathogen infection in the gut is still largely unexplored. We have previously shown that L. amylovorus DSM 16698 T is able to reduce the enterotoxigenic F4 + Escherichia coli (ETEC) adhesion and prevent the pathogen-induced membrane barrier disruption through the regulation of IL-10 and IL-8...

Nanomolar Caffeic Acid Decreases Glucose Uptake and the Effects of High Glucose in Endothelial Cells

Epidemiological studies suggest that moderate and prolonged consumption of coffee is associated with a reduced risk of developing type 2 diabetes but the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect are not known. In this study, we report the effects of physiological concentrations of caffeic acid, easily achievable by normal dietary habits, in endothelial cells cultured in 25 mM...

Lactobacillus amylovorus Inhibits the TLR4 Inflammatory Signaling Triggered by Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli via Modulation of the Negative Regulators and Involvement of TLR2 in Intestinal Caco-2 Cells and Pig Explants

Inflammation derived from pathogen infection involves the activation of toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling. Despite the established immunomodulatory activities of probiotics, studies relating the ability of such bacteria to inhibit the TLR signaling pathways are limited or controversial. In a previous study we showed that Lactobacillus amylovorus DSM 16698T, a novel lactobacillus...

The Mycotoxin Fumonisin B1 Alters the Proliferation and the Barrier Function of Porcine Intestinal Epithelial Cells

Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium verticillioides (formerly F. moniliforme), a fungus that commonly contaminates maize. FB1 causes toxicological effects in laboratory and domestic animals including pigs. Because the gastrointestinal tract represents the first barrier met by exogenous food compounds, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of...