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18 papers found.
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Prevalence of early childhood caries and enamel defects in four and five-year old Qatari preschool children

Background Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic disease in early childhood in most communities worldwide. Several studies conducted in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries have documented a high prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC). To date, no studies have been conducted in Qatar to examine the prevalence of ECC and enamel developmental defects in preschool ...

Decreased Management of Genital Warts in Young Women in Australian General Practice Post Introduction of National HPV Vaccination Program: Results from a Nationally Representative Cross-Sectional General Practice Study

Objectives Since the introduction of Australia's human papillomavirus vaccination program, the management rate of genital warts in sexual health clinics and private hospitals has decreased in women of vaccine-eligible age. However, most genital warts in Australia are managed in general practice. This study examines whether a similar decrease occurred in Australian general practice ...

Acupuncture for menopausal vasomotor symptoms: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Background Hot flushes and night sweats (vasomotor symptoms) are common menopausal symptoms, often causing distress, sleep deprivation and reduced quality of life. Although hormone replacement therapy is an effective treatment, there are concerns about serious adverse events. Non-hormonal pharmacological therapies are less effective and can also cause adverse effects. Complementary ...

Rapid assay to assess colonization patterns following in-vivo probiotic ingestion

Background Colonization of the intestine with some microorganisms has been shown to have beneficial health effects. The association of bacteria with its human host starts soon after birth; however in infants born prematurely establishment of normal intestinal flora is interrupted with colonization with potential pathogenic organisms Probiotic supplementation may therefore be ...

Participant demographics reported in "Table 1" of randomised controlled trials: a case of "inverse evidence"?

Introduction Data supporting external validity of trial results allows clinicians to assess the applicability of a study's findings to their practice population. Socio-economic status (SES) of trial participants may be critical to external validity given the relationship between social and economic circumstances and health. We explored how this is documented in reports of RCTs in ...

Improving chlamydia knowledge should lead to increased chlamydia testing among Australian general practitioners: a cross-sectional study of chlamydia testing uptake in general practice

Background Female general practitioners (GPs) have higher chlamydia testing rates than male GPs, yet it is unclear whether this is due to lack of knowledge among male GPs or because female GPs consult and test more female patients. Methods GPs completed a survey about their demographic details and knowledge about genital chlamydia. Chlamydia testing and consultation data for ...

Development of a survey instrument to investigate the primary care factors related to differences in cancer diagnosis between international jurisdictions

Wales Centre for Primary Care Research, Bangor University, Gwenfro Units 48, Wrexham Technology Park, Wrexham, LL13 7YP, United Kingdom. Marie Pirotta, Primary Health Care Research Evaluation and

Recurrence of Bacterial Vaginosis Is Significantly Associated With Posttreatment Sexual Activities and Hormonal Contraceptive Use

Background. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) recurrence posttreatment is common. Our aim was to determine if behaviors were associated with BV recurrence in women in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods. Symptomatic 18- to 50-year-old females with BV (≥3 Amsel criteria and Nugent score [NS] = 4–10) were enrolled in a 3-arm randomized double-blind RCT Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, ...

Prevalent and Incident Bacterial Vaginosis Are Associated with Sexual and Contraceptive Behaviours in Young Australian Women

Background To determine prevalence and incidence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and risk factors in young sexually-active Australian women. Methods 1093 women aged 16–25 years were recruited from primary-care clinics. Participants completed 3-monthly questionnaires and self-collected vaginal smears 6-monthly for 12-months. The primary endpoint was a Nugent Score = 7–10 (BV) and the ...

The ProPrems trial: investigating the effects of probiotics on late onset sepsis in very preterm infants

Background Late onset sepsis is a frequent complication of prematurity associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The commensal bacteria of the gastrointestinal tract play a key role in the development of healthy immune responses. Healthy term infants acquire these commensal organisms rapidly after birth. However, colonisation in preterm infants is adversely affected by ...

Efficacy of Oral Metronidazole with Vaginal Clindamycin or Vaginal Probiotic for Bacterial Vaginosis: Randomised Placebo-Controlled Double-Blind Trial

Background To determine if oral metronidazole (MTZ-400mg bid) with 2% vaginal clindamycin-cream (Clind) or a Lactobacillus acidophilus vaginal-probiotic containing oestriol (Prob) reduces 6-month bacterial vaginosis (BV) recurrence. Methods Double-blind placebo-controlled parallel-group single-site study with balanced randomization (1∶1∶1) conducted at Melbourne Sexual Health ...

Mycoplasma genitalium Incidence, Organism Load, and Treatment Failure in a Cohort of Young Australian Women

Background. Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is an emerging sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is potentially associated with reproductive tract sequelae in women. This study aimed to estimate MG incidence and treatment failure and provide estimates of organism load in infection. Methods. 1110 women aged 16–25 years were recruited from primary care clinics in Australia. Women were ...

Chlamydia trachomatis Incidence and Re-Infection among Young Women – Behavioural and Microbiological Characteristics

Twin Nicole Taylor Basil Donovan John M. Kaldor Kathleen McNamee Eve Urban Sandra Walker Marian Currie Hudson Birden Francis Bowden Jane Gunn Marie Pirotta Lyle Gurrin Veerakathy Harindra Suzanne M

Young pregnant women's views on the acceptability of screening for chlamydia as part of routine antenatal care

Suzanne Garland Christopher K Fairley 0 Sonia Grover Euan Wallace Jane S Hocking Sepehr Tabrizi Marie Pirotta Marcus Y Chen 0 0 Sexual Health Unit, Melbourne School of Population Health, The University of

The PAV trial: Does lactobacillus prevent post-antibiotic vulvovaginal candidiasis? Protocol of a randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN24141277]

meetings. Any serious problems will be reported to both of the ethics committees involved. Personel The trial investigators are Dr Marie Pirotta (Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne

Maximising retention in a longitudinal study of genital Chlamydia trachomatis among young women in Australia

Background Cohort studies are an important study design however they are difficult to implement, often suffer from poor retention, low participation and bias. The aims of this paper are to describe the methods used to recruit and retain young women in a longitudinal study and to explore factors associated with loss to follow up. Methods The Chlamydia Incidence and Re-infection ...

'The difference in determinants of Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma genitalium in a sample of young Australian women.'

Francis Bowden 9 Jane Gunn 13 Marie Pirotta 13 Lyle Gurrin 14 Veerakathy Harindra 11 Suzanne Garland 7 12 Jane S Hocking 0 4 0 Centre for Women's Health, Gender and Society, School of Population Health