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Sedentary behaviour and risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality, and incident type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose response meta-analysis

-analysis Public health Mortality Diabetes Richard Patterson: Corresponding author and guarantor. Eoin McNamara and Marko Tainio: Authors listed as joint second authors. Electronic supplementary material

A shift from motorised travel to active transport: What are the potential health gains for an Australian city?

. Formal analysis: Belen Zapata-Diomedi, J. Lennert Veerman. Investigation: Belen Zapata-Diomedi. Methodology: Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Luke D. Knibbs, Robert S. Ware, Kristiann C. Heesch, Marko Tainio ... , James Woodcock, J. Lennert Veerman. Supervision: Robert S. Ware, J. Lennert Veerman. Validation: Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Marko Tainio, J. Lennert Veerman. 16 / 21 Visualization: Belen Zapata-Diomedi

The modelled impact of increases in physical activity: the effect of both increased survival and reduced incidence of disease

of changes in longevity when designing health impact models. Acknowledgements Oliver Mytton is supported by a Welcome Trust clinical doctoral fellowship (RG73907). Marko Tainio is funded by the Centre

Health Impacts of Active Transportation in Europe

Policies that stimulate active transportation (walking and bicycling) have been related to heath benefits. This study aims to assess the potential health risks and benefits of promoting active transportation for commuting populations (age groups 16–64) in six European cities. We conducted a health impact assessment using two scenarios: increased cycling and increased walking. The...

Severity of injuries in different modes of transport, expressed with disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)

Background Health impact assessment (HIA) studies are increasingly predicting the health effects of mode shifts in traffic. The challenge for such studies is to combine the health effects, caused by injuries, with the disease driven health effects, and to express the change in the health with a common health indicator. Disability-adjusted life year (DALY) combines years lived...

Future climate and adverse health effects caused by fine particulate matter air pollution: case study for Poland

Ground level air pollution, especially fine particulate matter (PM2.5), has been associated with a number of adverse health effects. The dispersion of PM2.5 through the atmosphere depends on several mutually connected anthropogenic, geophysical and meteorological parameters, all of which are affected by climate change. This study examines how projected climate change would affect...

An economic way of reducing health, environmental, and other pressures of urban traffic: a decision analysis on trip aggregation

Background Traffic congestion is rapidly becoming the most important obstacle to urban development. In addition, traffic creates major health, environmental, and economical problems. Nonetheless, automobiles are crucial for the functions of the modern society. Most proposals for sustainable traffic solutions face major political opposition, economical consequences, or technical...

Parameter and model uncertainty in a life-table model for fine particles (PM2.5): a statistical modeling study

Background The estimation of health impacts involves often uncertain input variables and assumptions which have to be incorporated into the model structure. These uncertainties may have significant effects on the results obtained with model, and, thus, on decision making. Fine particles (PM2.5) are believed to cause major health impacts, and, consequently, uncertainties in their...