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Finite entanglement entropy in asymptotically safe quantum gravity

Abstract Entanglement entropies calculated in the framework of quantum field theory on classical, flat or curved, spacetimes are known to show an intriguing area law in four dimensions, but they are also notorious for their quadratic ultraviolet divergences. In this paper we demonstrate that the analogous entanglement entropies when computed within the Asymptotic Safety approach...

The unitary conformal field theory behind 2D Asymptotic Safety

Being interested in the compatibility of Asymptotic Safety with Hilbert space positivity (unitarity), we consider a local truncation of the functional RG flow which describes quantum gravity in d > 2 dimensions and construct its limit of exactly two dimensions. We find that in this limit the flow displays a nontrivial fixed point whose effective average action is a non-local...

Towards a C-function in 4D quantum gravity

We develop a generally applicable method for constructing functions, , which have properties similar to Zamolodchikov’s C-function, and are geometrically natural objects related to the theory space explored by non-perturbative functional renormalization group (RG) equations. Employing the Euclidean framework of the Effective Average Action (EAA), we propose a -function which can...

Anxious personality and functional efficiency of the insular-opercular network: A graph-analytic approach to resting-state fMRI

The brain is an intricate network, not only structurally but also functionally. On the functional level, connectivity in the brain is organized in separable yet interacting networks that support information processing by maintaining a ready state, even in the absence of external stimulation. It has been hypothesized that an insular-opercular network underlies the processing of...

Propagating gravitons vs. ‘dark matter’ in asymptotically safe quantum gravity

Within the Asymptotic Safety scenario, we discuss whether Quantum Einstein Gravity (QEG) can give rise to a semi-classical regime of propagating physical gravitons (gravitational waves) governed by an effective theory which complies with the standard rules of local quantum field theory. According to earlier investigations based on single-metric truncations there is a tension...

The Role of Nature and Nurture for Individual Differences in Primary Emotional Systems: Evidence from a Twin Study

The present study investigated for the first time the relative importance of genetics and environment on individual differences in primary emotionality as measured with the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) by means of a twin-sibling study design. In N = 795 participants (n = 303 monozygotic twins, n = 172 dizygotic twins and n = 267 non-twin full siblings...

Nicotinergic Modulation of Attention-Related Neural Activity Differentiates Polymorphisms of DRD2 and CHRNA4 Receptor Genes

Cognitive and neuronal effects of nicotine show high interindividual variability. Recent findings indicate that genetic variations that affect the cholinergic and dopaminergic neurotransmitter system impact performance in cognitive tasks and effects of nicotine. The current pharmacogenetic functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study aimed to investigate epistasis effects...

Common genetic variation of the APOE gene and personality

Background A recent study yielded first evidence that personality plays an important role in explaining the influence of a prominent APOE polymorphism on cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in elderly humans. Adding to this, two earlier studies examined this polymorphism in the context of individual differences in temperament traits in young humans with mixed results...

Physical Exercise during Encoding Improves Vocabulary Learning in Young Female Adults: A Neuroendocrinological Study

Acute physical activity has been repeatedly shown to improve various cognitive functions. However, there have been no investigations comparing the effects of exercise during verbal encoding versus exercise prior to encoding on long-term memory performance. In this current psychoneuroendocrinological study we aim to test whether light to moderate ergometric bicycling during...

On the molecular genetics of flexibility: The case of task-switching, inhibitory control and genetic variants

Sebastian Markett Christian Montag Nora T. Walter Thomas Plieger Martin Reuter 0 ) Institut fuer Psychologie , Kaiser-Karl-Ring 9, 53111 Bonn, Germany The adjustment of behavior to changing goals

The Influence of Alcohol Intake and Alcohol Expectations on the Recognition of Emotions

Nora T. Walter Smiljana Mutic Sebastian Markett Christian Montag Alisa M. Klein Martin Reuter Aims: To investigate the effects of actual and expected alcohol intake on the detection and

Investigating the genetic basis of altruism: the role of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism

Findings from twin studies yield heritability estimates of 0.50 for prosocial behaviours like empathy, cooperativeness and altruism. First molecular genetic studies underline the influence of polymorphisms located on genes coding for the receptors of the neuropeptides, oxytocin and vasopressin. However, the proportion of variance explained by these gene loci is rather low...

Selective Disruption of the Cerebral Neocortex in Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's Disease Rahul S. Desikan Mert R. Sabuncu Nicholas J. Schmansky Martin Reuter Howard J. Cabral Christopher P. Hess Michael W. Weiner Alessandro Biffi Christopher D. Anderson Jonathan Rosand David H