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Social disparities in food preparation behaviours: a DEDIPAC study

The specific role of major socio-economic indicators in influencing food preparation behaviours could reveal distinct socio-economic patterns, thus enabling mechanisms to be understood that contribute to social inequalities in health. This study investigated whether there was an independent association of each socio-economic indicator (education, occupation, income) with food...

Objectively measured sedentary time among five ethnic groups in Amsterdam: The HELIUS study

University Medical Center) for his statistical support. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Anne Loyen, Mary Nicolaou, Karien Stronks, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Johannes Brug, Jeroen Lakerveld. Formal ... analysis: Anne Loyen. Funding acquisition: Karien Stronks. Methodology: Anne Loyen, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Jeroen Lakerveld. Supervision: Mary Nicolaou, Hidde P. van der Ploeg, Johannes Brug, Jeroen

Comparison of cardiovascular risk factors and dietary intakes among Javanese Surinamese and South-Asian Surinamese in the Netherlands. The HELIUS study

Marieke B. Snijder Jacob C. Seidell 0 Ron J. G. Peters Mary Nicolaou 0 Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam , De Boelelaan 1085, Kamer O534, 1081 HV

Developing a systems-based framework of the factors influencing dietary and physical activity behaviours in ethnic minority populations living in Europe - a DEDIPAC study

Some ethnic minority populations have a higher risk of non-communicable diseases than the majority European population. Diet and physical activity behaviours contribute to this risk, shaped by a system of inter-related factors. This study mapped a systems-based framework of the factors influencing dietary and physical activity behaviours in ethnic minority populations living in...

Food variety, dietary diversity, and type 2 diabetes in a multi-center cross-sectional study among Ghanaian migrants in Europe and their compatriots in Ghana: the RODAM study

Purpose The importance of dietary diversification for type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk remains controversial. We investigated associations of between- and within-food group variety with T2D, and the role of dietary diversification for the relationships between previously identified dietary patterns (DPs) and T2D among Ghanaian adults. Methods In the multi-center cross-sectional...

Systematic mapping review of the factors influencing dietary behaviour in ethnic minority groups living in Europe: a DEDIPAC study

Background Europe has a growing population of ethnic minority groups whose dietary behaviours are potentially of public health concern. To promote healthier diets, the factors driving dietary behaviours need to be understood. This review mapped the broad range of factors influencing dietary behaviour among ethnic minority groups living in Europe, in order to identify research...

Determinants of diet and physical activity (DEDIPAC): a summary of findings

Ekelund 8 Paul Finglas 9 Marion Flechtner-Mors 6 Antje Hebestreit 25 Thomas Kubiak 7 Massimo Lanza 4 Nanna Lien 23 Ciaran MacDonncha 5 Mario Mazzocchi 2 Pablo Monsivais 3 Marie Murphy 1 Mary Nicolaou 11 Ute

Educational differences in the validity of self-reported physical activity

Background The assessment of physical activity for surveillance or population based studies is usually done with self-report questionnaires. However, bias in self-reported physical activity may be greater in lower educated than in higher educated populations. The aim of the present study is to describe educational differences in the validity of self-reported physical activity...

Relationship between psychosocial stress and hypertension among Ghanaians in Amsterdam, the Netherlands – the GHAIA study

Background Hypertension is highly prevalent among recent sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrants in western countries and some tend to associate their hypertension to psychosocial stress. However data on the relationship between hypertension and psychosocial stress among SSA migrants are rare. We assessed the relationship between psychosocial stress and hypertension among the largest...

Obesity and type 2 diabetes in sub-Saharan Africans – Is the burden in today’s Africa similar to African migrants in Europe? The RODAM study

Cecilia Galbete Peter Henneman Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch Mary Nicolaou 0 Adebowale Adeyemo Jan van Straalen Liam Smeeth Karien Stronks 0 0 Department of Public Health, Academic Medical Center, University

An exploration of the enablers and barriers in access to the Dutch healthcare system among Ghanaians in Amsterdam

Background Sub-Saharan African populations are growing in many European countries. Data on the health of these populations are rare. Additionally, many sub-Saharan African migrants are confronted with issues of low socio-economic status, acculturation and language difficulties, which may hamper their access to health care. Despite the identification of some of those barriers...

Feasibility and effectiveness of a targeted diabetes prevention program for 18 to 60-year-old South Asian migrants: design and methods of the DH!AAN study

Background South Asian migrants are at particularly high risk of type 2 diabetes. Previous studies have shown that intensive lifestyle interventions may prevent the onset of diabetes. Such interventions have not been culturally adapted and evaluated among South Asians in industrialized countries. Therefore, we have set up a randomized controlled trial to study the effectiveness...

Effectiveness of Cultural Adaptations of Interventions Aimed at Smoking Cessation, Diet, and/or Physical Activity in Ethnic Minorities. A Systematic Review

Background The importance of cultural adaptations in behavioral interventions targeting ethnic minorities in high-income societies is widely recognized. Little is known, however, about the effectiveness of specific cultural adaptations in such interventions. Aim To systematically review the effectiveness of specific cultural adaptations in interventions that target smoking...

Differences in Body Fat Distribution Play a Role in the Lower Levels of Elevated Fasting Glucose amongst Ghanaian Migrant Women Compared to Men

Background Despite higher levels of obesity, West African migrant women appear to have lower rates of type 2 diabetes than their male counterparts. We investigated the role of body fat distribution in these differences. Methods Cross-sectional study of Ghanaian migrants (97 men, 115 women) aged 18–60 years in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Weight, height, waist and hip...

Sex Differences in the Association Between Serum Ferritin and Fasting Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Among South Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, and Ethnic Dutch: The population-based SUNSET study

LOUISE H. DEKKER MSC MARY NICOLAOU PHD DAPHNE L. VAN DER A PHD WIM B. BUSSCHERS MSC LIZZY M. BREWSTER PHD MARIEKE B. SNIJDER PHD KARIEN STRONKS PHD IRENE G.M. VAN VALKENGOED PHD C a r d i o v a s c

Social and cultural factors underlying generational differences in overweight: a cross-sectional study among ethnic minorities in the Netherlands

Background The prevalence of overweight appears to vary in people of first and second generation ethnic minority groups. Insight into the factors that underlie these weight differences might help in understanding the health transition that is taking place across generations following migration. We studied the role of social and cultural factors associated with generational...

Behavioural risk factors in two generations of non-Western migrants: do trends converge towards the host population?

Migrant mortality does not conform to a single pattern of convergence towards prevalence rates in the host population. To understand better how migrant mortality develops, it is necessary to further investigate how the underlying behavioural determinants change following migration. We studied whether the prevalence of behavioural risk factors over two generations of Turkish and...

A prospective cohort study of dietary patterns of non-western migrants in the Netherlands in relation to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases: HELIUS-Dietary Patterns

Background In Western countries the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is often higher in non-Western migrants as compared to the host population. Diet is an important modifiable determinant of CVD. Increasingly, dietary patterns rather than single nutrients are the focus of research in an attempt to account for the complexity of nutrient interactions in foods. Research...