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Effectiveness of school food environment policies on children’s dietary behaviors: A systematic review and meta-analysis

, Eirini Trichia. Funding acquisition: Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian. Investigation: Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian. Methodology: Renata Micha, Dimitra Karageorgou, Laurie P. Whitsel, Mary Story ... Mozaffarian. Validation: Renata Micha, Dimitra Karageorgou, Laurie P. Whitsel, Mary Story, Jose L. Peñalvo, Dariush Mozaffarian. Visualization: Renata Micha, Dimitra Karageorgou, Ioanna Bakogianni. Writing

Towards universal access to skilled birth attendance: the process of transforming the role of traditional birth attendants in Rural China

Background Institution-based childbirth, with the ultimate goal of universal access to skilled birth attendance (SBA), has been selected as a key strategy to reduce the maternal mortality rate in many developing countries. However, the question of how to engage traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in the advocacy campaign for SBA poses a number of challenges. This paper aims to...

Promoting healthful family meals to prevent obesity: HOME Plus, a randomized controlled trial

Background Family meal frequency has been shown to be strongly associated with better dietary intake; however, associations with weight status have been mixed. Family meals-focused randomized controlled trials with weight outcomes have not been previously conducted. Therefore, this study purpose was to describe weight-related outcomes of the HOME Plus study, the first family...

HOME Plus: Program design and implementation of a family-focused, community-based intervention to promote the frequency and healthfulness of family meals, reduce children’s sedentary behavior, and prevent obesity

Background Involvement in meal preparation and eating meals with one’s family are associated with better dietary quality and healthy body weight for youth. Given the poor dietary quality of many youth, potential benefits of family meals for better nutritional intake and great variation in family meals, development and evaluation of interventions aimed at improving and increasing...

Development and validation of a screening instrument to assess the types and quality of foods served at home meals

Background Although there is growing interest in assessing the home food environment, no easy-to-use, low cost tools exist to assess the foods served at home meals, making it difficult to assess the meal component of the food environment. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a user-friendly screener to assess the types of foods served at home meals. Methods Primary...

Summer effects on body mass index (BMI) gain and growth patterns of American Indian children from kindergarten to first grade: a prospective study

Background Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent among American Indian children, especially those living on reservations. There is little scientific evidence about the effects of summer vacation on obesity development in children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of summer vacation between kindergarten and first grade on growth in height, weight, and...

Food Advertising and Marketing Directed at Children and Adolescents in the US

In recent years, the food and beverage industry in the US has viewed children and adolescents as a major market force. As a result, children and adolescents are now the target of intense and specialized food marketing and advertising efforts. Food marketers are interested in youth as consumers because of their spending power, their purchasing influence, and as future adult...

Substance use and dietary practices among students attending alternative high schools: results from a pilot study

0 Mary Story 0 0 University of Minnesota, Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of, Public Health , 1300 South 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454 , USA 1 University of

Familial correlates of adolescent girls' physical activity, television use, dietary intake, weight, and body composition

Background The family environment offers several opportunities through which to improve adolescents' weight and weight-related behaviors. This study aims to examine the cross-sectional relationships between multiple factors in the family environment and physical activity (PA), television use (TV), soft drink intake, fruit and vegetable (FV) intake, body mass index (BMI), and body...

Understanding young adult physical activity, alcohol and tobacco use in community colleges and 4-year post-secondary institutions: A cross-sectional analysis of epidemiological surveillance data

Background Young adults experience many adverse health behavior changes as they transition from adolescence into adulthood. A better understanding of the relationships between health promoting and risky health behaviors may aid in the development of health promotion interventions for various types of young adult post-secondary students. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to...

The relative influence of demographic, individual, social, and environmental factors on physical activity among boys and girls

Carrie D Patnode 0 Leslie A Lytle Darin J Erickson John R Sirard Daheia Barr-Anderson Mary Story 0 Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest , 3800 N. Interstate Avenue, Portland, OR, 97227

Does television viewing predict dietary intake five years later in high school students and young adults?

Background Prior research has found that television viewing is associated with poor diet quality, though little is known about its long-term impact on diet, particularly during adolescence. This study examined the associations between television viewing behavior with dietary intake five years later. Methods Survey data, which included television viewing time and food frequency...

School lunch and snacking patterns among high school students: Associations with school food environment and policies

Objectives This study examined associations between high school students' lunch patterns and vending machine purchases and the school food environment and policies. Methods A randomly selected sample of 1088 high school students from 20 schools completed surveys about their lunch practices and vending machine purchases. School food policies were assessed by principal and food...

Increasing weight-bearing physical activity and calcium-rich foods to promote bone mass gains among 9–11 year old girls: outcomes of the Cal-Girls study

Background A two-year, community-based, group-randomized trial to promote bone mass gains among 9–11 year-old girls through increased intake of calcium-rich foods and weight-bearing physical activity was evaluated. Methods Following baseline data collection, 30 5th-grade Girl Scout troops were randomized to a two-year behavioral intervention program or to a no-treatment control...

Weight Control Practices and Disordered Eating Behaviors Among Adolescent Females and Males With Type 1 Diabetes: Associations with sociodemographics, weight concerns, familial factors, and metabolic outcomes

OBJECTIVE—This study examines the prevalence of specific weight control practices/disordered eating behaviors and associations with sociodemographic characteristics, BMI and weight perceptions, family functioning, and metabolic control among adolescent females and males with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—The study population included 70 adolescent females and 73...